Transcriptomic profile of chicken Bone Marrow-Derive Dendritic cells in response to H9N2 avian influenza A virus

Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: Veterinary Immunology and ImmunopathologyAuthor(s): Qingtao Liu, Jing Yang, Xinmei Huang, Yuzhuo Liu, Kaikai Han, Dongmin Zhao, Lijiao Zhang, Yin LiAbstractAvian influenza subtype H9N2 infection is a mild but highly contagious disease that is associated with a decrease in the efficacy of vaccine interventions, and an increase in susceptibility to secondary infections in poultry. However, the immune evasion mechanism of H9N2 avian influenza viruses (AIVs) in chickens is poorly understood. Dendritic cells (DCs) are immune cells of major importance, involved in innate immune responses against viruses, but also in the setting of adaptive immune response due to their high ability to present viral antigen. Therefore, in the present study we used high-throughput RNA-sequencing technology at the transcriptome level to identify the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between chicken DCs infected with H9N2 virus and mock-infected DCs. We identified 4151 upregulated DEGs and 2138 downregulated DEGs. Further enrichment analysis showed that the upregulated DEGs were enriched in the biological processes mainly involved in signal transduction, transmembrane transport, and innate immune/inflammatory responses. In contrast, the downregulated DEGs were associated with the biological processes mainly including metabolic process, and MHC class I antigen processing and presentation. In addition, 49 of these immune-related DEGs were valid...
Source: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Related Links:

Abstract Newcastle disease virus (NDV) has been used as a vector in the development of vaccines and gene delivery. In the present study, we generated the thermostable recombinant NDV (rNDV) expressing the different forms of hemagglutinin (HA) of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) H5N1 based on the full-length cDNA clone of thermostable TS09-C strain. The recombinant thermostable Newcastle disease viruses, rTS-HA, rTS-HA1 and rTS-tPAs/HA1, expressed the HA, HA1 or modified HA1 protein with the tissue plasminogen activator signal sequence (tPAs), respectively. The rNDVs displayed similar thermostability...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
AbstractThe avian respiratory tract is a common entry route for many pathogens and an important delivery route for vaccination in the poultry industry. Immune responses in the avian lung have mostly been studied in vivo due to the lack of robust, relevant in vitro and ex vivo models mimicking the microenvironment. Precision-cut lung slices (PCLS) have the major advantages of maintaining the 3-dimensional architecture of the lung and includes heterogeneous cell populations. PCLS have been obtained from a number of mammalian species and from chicken embryos. However, as the embryonic lung is physiologically undifferentiated ...
Source: Veterinary Research - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
There is a great need for broadly protective, “universal” influenza virus vaccines given the antigenic drift and shift of influenza viruses and the variable protective efficacy of the current influenza vaccines. This technology relates to a broadly protective, “universal” influenza vaccine candidate composed of a cocktail of different l ow pathogenicity avian influenza virus subtypes inactivated by betapropiolactone (BPL). Vaccinating animals with BPL-inactivated whole virus vaccine comprising influenza virus strains belonging to four or more different low pathogenicity avian influenza hemagglutinin...
Source: NIH OTT Licensing Opportunities - Category: Research Authors: Source Type: research
This study demonstrates the usefulness of the HPAI H5N1 HA2 E29 epitope as a DIVA antigen in HPAI H5N1 vaccinated and infected chickens.Research Highlight E29 (HA2 position 488-516) epitope is antigenic in chickenAntibodies to E29 are elicited following live H5N1 virus infection in chickenE29 epitope is a potential DIVA antigen for use in ELISA. PMID: 31738584 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Avian Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Avian Pathol Source Type: research
The objective of this theoretical study was to elucidate how these behavioral adaptations may affect the epidemiology of highly-pathogenic avian influenza in domestic poultry and the outcome of the implemented control policies. We studied a symmetric population game where the players are broiler poultry farmers at risk of infection and where the between-farms disease transmission is both environmental and mediated by poultry trade. Three types of farmer behaviors were modelled: vaccination, depopulation, and cessation of poultry farming. We found that the transmission level of the disease through trade networks has strong ...
Source: Epidemics - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 September 2019Source: Veterinary MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Linlin Li, Yun Zhang, Jiawen Dong, Junqing Zhang, Chunhong Zhang, Jianru Qin, Minhua Sun, Zhihong XuAbstractDuck Tembusu virus (DTMUV) has caused enormous economic losses to the poultry industry in China. In the current study, we generated chimeric virus-like particles (VLPs) containing E protein of the DTMUV and HA2 protein of the H3N2 avian influenza virus (AIV). The chimeric VLPs could induce specific antibody responses in both mice (n = 5/group) and ducks (n = 10/group). After immunizing ducklings w...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 July 2019Source: Veterinary MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Jiayun Yang, Zhengxiang Wang, Yingying Du, Yane Jia, Liang Wang, Shuai Xu, Qiyun ZhuAbstractDuring 2012―2015, six H5N1 avian influenza viruses were isolated from domestic birds and the environment around Qinghai Lake. Phylogenetic analysis of HA genes revealed that A/chicken/Gansu/XG2/2012 (CK/GS/XG2/12) belonged to clade 2.3.2.1a, while A/environment/Qinghai/1/2013 (EN/QH/1/13), A/chicken/Qinghai/QH1/2015 (CK/QH/QH1/15), A/chicken/Qinghai/QH2/2015 (CK/QH/QH2/15), A/chicken/Qinghai/QH3/2015 (CK/QH/QH3/15), and A/goose/Qinghai/QH6/201...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Abstract We previously demonstrated that despite no airborne transmissibility increase compared to low pathogenic avian influenza viruses, select human isolates of highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H7N9) virus exhibit greater virulence in animal models and a lower threshold pH for fusion. In the current study, we utilized both in vitro and in vivo approaches to identify key residues responsible for hemagglutinin (HA) intracellular cleavage, acid stability, and virulence in mice. We found that the four amino acid insertion (-KRTA-) at the HA cleavage site of A/Taiwan/1/2017 virus is essential for HA intracellular...
Source: Virology - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Virology Source Type: research
In this study chIFN-α was used as adjuvant in inactivated AI H9N2 vaccine, modulated the immune response of chickens against the vaccine antigen through enhanced humoral and Th1-biased cell-mediated immunity, compared to chickens that received single AI H9N2 vaccine. To further test the protective efficacy of this improved vaccination regimen, immunized chickens were challenged with a high dose of LPAI H9N2 virus. Combined administration rchIFN-α showed markedly enhanced protection compared to single administration of the vaccine, as determined by mortality, clinical severity, and feed and water intake. This en...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
In conclusion, the reported results highlight the importance of AIV attachment to trachea in many avian species. Finally, the importance of chickens and mallards in AIVs dynamics was illustrated by the abundant AIV attachment observed. Introduction Influenza A viruses (IAVs) are pathogens of global concern in both human and veterinary medicine (Webster et al., 1992; Stöhr, 2002; Olsen et al., 2006; Wiethoelter et al., 2015). Wild birds are well-described hosts of avian influenza viruses (AIVs) and longitudinal surveillance studies have demonstrated a plethora of low pathogenic AIVs (LPAIVs) circulating in wild...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
More News: Allergy & Immunology | Bird Flu | Bird Flu (H5N1 Avian Influenza) Vaccine | Genetics | Influenza | Influenza Vaccine | Study | Vaccines | Veterinary Research | Veterinary Vaccinations