Extracellular vesicles from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells treated with siRNA against ELFN1-AS1 suppress colon adenocarcinoma proliferation and migration.

This study aimed to explore the regulatory role of ELFN1-AS1 in COAD and construct a gene delivery system based on extracellular vesicles (EVs). We found that ELFN1-AS1 levels were obviously increased in COAD patients and COAD tumor cells. Knockdown of ELFN1-AS1 expression by siRNA inhibited COAD cell proliferation and migration. Moreover, silencing ELFN1-AS1 significantly reduced the activation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (Erk), up-regulated the protein expression of E-cadherin and down-regulated vimentin. In addition, we treated human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) with siRNA-ELFN1-AS1 and found that EVs from siRNA-ELFN1-AS1-treated hUCMSCs could inhibit COAD cell proliferation and migration in vitro. These findings suggested that ELFN1-AS1 could promote the progression of COAD and that hUCMSC-EVs might be an attractive vehicle for the clinical administration of lncRNA-specific siRNAs in patients with COAD. PMID: 31814902 [PubMed]
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research

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In conclusion, our results demonstrate that DCLK1 is linked with functional regulation of the tumor microenvironment and may have potential as a prognostic biomarker and adjuvant target to promote immunotherapy sensitivity in colon and gastric cancer patients.
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Contributors : Yingchao Nie ; Tony IpSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Drosophila melanogasterCancer in the intestinal tract is governed by multiple pathways including Wnt, Ras, P53 and Hippo. The GTPase Rab11 regulates endosomal protein trafficking and in a previous report we showed that loss of Rab11 in enterocytes caused intestinal inflammation and hyperplasia in mice and flies. We show here that this inflammation may cooperate with cancer promoting pathways in the intestinal tract. First, lower Rab11 protein staining was observed in 63 out of 70 human colon cancer tissues and pa...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Drosophila melanogaster Source Type: research
Authors: Fu C, Zhou N, Zhao Y, Duan J, Xu H, Wang Y Abstract Increasing evidence supports the concept that cancer stem cells (CSCs) are responsible for cancer progression and metastasis, therapy resistance and relapse. In addition to conventional therapies for colon cancer, the development of immunotherapies targeting cancer stem cells appears to be a promising strategy to suppress tumor recurrence and metastasis. In the present study, dendritic cells (DCs) were pulsed with whole-tumor cell lysates or total RNA of CD44+ colon cancer stem cells (CCSCs) isolated from mouse colon adenocarcinoma CT-26 cell cultures and...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeCancer stem cells (CSCs) have been suggested to represent the main cause of tumour progression, metastasis and drug resistance. Therefore, these cells can be an appropriate target to improve cancer treatment.MethodsA novel biodegradable brush copolymeric micelle was synthesized by the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) and reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization. The obtained micelle was used for co-delivery of the anticancer drug docetaxel (DTX) and Chrysin (CHS) as an adjuvant on the CSCs originated from Human colon adenocarcinoma cell line. Cancer stem cells were enriched by ...
Source: Pharmaceutical Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Gene expression profile of cancer stem‑like cells in the SW480 colon adenocarcinoma cell line. Oncol Rep. 2019 May 02;: Authors: Wang Y, Zhou L, Qing Q, Li Y, Li L, Dong X, Xiao B Abstract Cancer stem cells (CSCs) serve an important role in tumorigenesis, tolerance to treatment, relapse and metastasis. Although the signaling pathways involved in cancer are well known, the molecular mechanisms underlying CSC actions require further investigation. In the present study, a population of colon CSCs with a cluster of differentiation 133 (CD133) surface‑expression phenotype from the human SW480 colon aden...
Source: Oncology Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Rep Source Type: research
Alessandro Poggi1*, Roberto Benelli2, Roberta Venè1, Delfina Costa1, Nicoletta Ferrari1, Francesca Tosetti1 and Maria Raffaella Zocchi3 1Molecular Oncology and Angiogenesis Unit, IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, Genoa, Italy 2Immunology Unit, IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, Genoa, Italy 3Division of Immunology, Transplantation and Infectious Diseases, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy It is well established that natural killer (NK) cells are involved in both innate and adaptive immunity. Indeed, they can recognize molecules induced at the cell surface by stress signals ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
In this study, we evaluated the therapeutic benefit of combining the TAB004 antibody with Liposomal-MSA-IL-2 in immune competent and human MUC1 transgenic (MUC1.Tg) mouse models of PDA and investigated the associated immune responses. Treatment with TAB004 + Lip-MSA-IL-2 resulted in significantly improved survival and slower tumor growth compared to controls in MUC1.Tg mice bearing an orthotopic PDA.MUC1 tumor. Similarly, in the spontaneous model of PDA that expresses human MUC1, the combination treatment stalled the progression of pancreatic intraepithelial pre-neoplastic (PanIN) lesion to adenocarcinoma. Treatment with t...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions: This meta-analysis demonstrated that CD44 overexpression might be an unfavorable prognostic factor for CRC patients and could be used to predict poor differentiation, lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis. Introduction Although therapies for colorectal cancer (CRC) has improved in recent years, colorectal cancer is still the third most common cause of cancer related death worldwide (1). Metastasis are observed in 25% of patients at initial diagnosis and approximately 50% of patients will develop metastasis (2). Presently, the outcome prediction and the therapy schedule determination of CRC patie...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion and Perspectives The IL-6/JAK/STAT signaling cascade plays a dominant role in skeletal muscle pathophysiology. IL-6 autocrine, paracrine, and endocrine functions assign to its downstream effectors pivotal importance in skeletal muscle-wasting-associated diseases and other multiple system diseases where muscle acts in communication with other organs. Targeting the components of the JAK/STAT pathway recently emerged as a strategic approach for the treatment of inflammatory diseases and human cancer. This review highlights the opposite outcomes on muscle biology caused by the amount of local and systemic release ...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Li Liu, Jiajing Lin and Hongying He* Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Liuzhou Worker’s Hospital, Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Liuzhou, China Background and Objective: Endometrial cancer (EC) is a common gynecological malignancy worldwide. Despite advances in the development of strategies for treating EC, prognosis of the disease remains unsatisfactory, especially for advanced EC. The aim of this study was to identify novel genes that can be used as potential biomarkers for identifying the prognosis of EC and to construct a novel risk stratification using these genes. Me...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
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