Cancer Survivors have Double the Risk of Suffering a Later Stroke

We present a contemporary analysis of risk of fatal stroke among more than 7.5 million cancer patients and report that stroke risk varies as a function of disease site, age, gender, marital status, and time after diagnosis. The risk of stroke among cancer patients is two times that of the general population and rises with longer follow-up time. The relative risk of fatal stroke, versus the general population, is highest in those with cancers of the brain and gastrointestinal tract. The plurality of strokes occurs in patients older than 40 years of age with cancers of the prostate, breast, and colorectum. Patients of any age diagnosed with brain tumors and lymphomas are at risk for stroke throughout life. Most cancer patients now die of non-cancer causes. The results of the current work suggest that stroke prevention strategies may be aimed at patients treated for brain tumors and lymphomas (particularly children) and older patients (i.e., older than 40 years) diagnosed with cancers of the prostate, breast, and colorectum. Though relatively less common, patients with cancers of the gastrointestinal tract (especially the pancreas, liver, esophagus) are at a relatively high risk to die of stroke at any time after diagnosis. We encourage individual guideline and survivorship committees to incorporate these data into their stroke prevention statements. Relatively few studies have examined the risk of stroke among cancer patients, and the current analysis is the larg...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Medicine, Biotech, Research Source Type: blogs

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Publication date: Available online 17 January 2020Source: Molecular Aspects of MedicineAuthor(s): Rita Lampignano, Vera Kloten, Thomas Krahn, Thomas SchlangeAbstractLiquid biopsy holds great promise to complement traditional analysis on cancerous tissue during clinical management of cancer: screening of patients, (early) disease diagnosis, prognosis, therapy selection as well as early response to treatment and disease monitoring. Among emerging circulating biomarkers, cell-free miRNA (cfmiRNA) may have potential in detecting lung cancer and following the course of the disease. Furthermore, several studies highlighted the p...
Source: Molecular Aspects of Medicine - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 January 2020Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis of DiseaseAuthor(s): Tomasz Kowalczyk, Michal Ciborowski, Joanna Kisluk, Adam Kretowski, Coral BarbasAbstractPrecision medicine (PM) means the customization of healthcare with decisions and practices adjusted to the individual patient. It includes personalized diagnostics, patients' sub-classification, individual treatment selection and the monitoring of its effectiveness. Currently, in oncology, PM is based on the molecular and cellular features of a tumor, its microenvironment and the patient's genetics and lif...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular Basis of Disease - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 January 2020Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Khalil Hajiasgharzadeh, Mohammad Hossein Somi, Behzad Mansoori, Vahid Khaze Shahgoli, Afshin Derakhshani, Ahad Mokhtarzadeh, Dariush Shanehbandi, Behzad BaradaranAbstractAimsIt has been demonstrated that reduced expression of alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) led to reduced chemotherapeutic drugs resistance in various cancer cells. However, whether small interfering RNA (siRNA) mediated knockdown of α7nAChR can reduce sorafenib (SOR) resistance in HCC cells remains to be determined.Materials and methodsThe effects ...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 January 2020Source: BiologicalsAuthor(s): David GervaisAbstractErwinia chrysanthemi l-asparaginase (ErA) has been used for the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) for decades, and its safety and efficacy have been well demonstrated. ErA drug substance and drug product contain a small proportion of acidic isoforms, with a known mechanism of formation, which have been shown to be minor conformational variants retaining enzymatic activity and function. Specifications for these acidic isoforms were set with an extremely limited data set, and with further manufacturing experien...
Source: Biologicals - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 January 2020Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General SubjectsAuthor(s): Yunpeng Wei, Huanhuan Lv, Atik Badshah Shaikh, Wei Han, Hongjie Hou, Zhihao Zhang, Shenghang Wang, Peng ShangAbstractBackgroundCancer is one of the major threats to human health and current cancer therapies have been unsuccessful in eradicating it. Ferroptosis is characterized by iron-dependence and lipid hydroperoxides accumulation, and its primary mechanism involves the suppression of system Xc−-GSH (glutathione)-GPX4 (glutathione peroxidase 4) axis. Co-incidentally, cancer cells are also metab...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) General Subjects - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
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Source: Chemical Engineering Journal - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
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Source: Meta Gene - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
This report describes the case of a 20 years old man who was diagnosed with a mass involving the small intestine and bladder during the course of investigations for faecaluria and abdominal pain. Histopathological examination of the biopsies during cystoscopy revealed: muscle invasive transitional cell carcinoma, while the computerized tomography scan had confirmed the enterovesical fistula.The patient was traited by Radical cystectomy with extended pelvic lymph node dissection and ileocecal resection as ultimate curative treatment.
Source: Urology Case Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 January 2020Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Andrea Necchi, Russell Madison, Daniele Raggi, Joseph M. Jacob, Gennady Bratslavsky, Oleg Shapiro, Julia A. Elvin, Jo-Anne Vergilio, Jonathan K. Killian, Nhu Ngo, Shakti Ramkissoon, Eric Severson, Amanda C. Hemmerich, Richard Huang, Siraj M. Ali, Jon H. Chung, Prasanth Reddy, Vincent A. Miller, Alexa B. Schrock, Laurie M. GayAbstractBackgroundIn patients with rare histologies of bladder cancer, including adenocarcinoma of the bladder (ACB) and squamous-cell carcinoma (SCC), there are limited standard therapy options, defining an unmet medi...
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 January 2020Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Trevor C. Hunt, Brock B. O’Neil
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
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