Neural Feedback Technique to Improve Attention

Many people suffer from an inability to focus on tasks that require a great deal of attention. Drugs such as Ritalin are available to help mitigate symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and related conditions, but these medicati...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Neurology Psychiatry Source Type: blogs

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Publication date: Available online 13 December 2019Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - BiomembranesAuthor(s): Juan Francisco Bada Juarez, Juan C. Muñoz-García, Rosana Inácio dos Reis, Alistair Henry, David McMillan, Marco Kriek, Martyn Wood, Catherine Vandenplas, Zara Sands, Luis Castro, Richard Taylor, Anthony WattsAbstractDopamine receptors (DRs) are class A G-Protein Coupled Receptors (GPCRs) prevalent in the central nervous system (CNS). These receptors mediate physiological functions ranging from voluntary movement and reward recognition to hormonal regulation and hypertension. Drugs tar...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Biomembranes - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Abstract In recent years, the roles of astrocytes of the central nervous system in brain function and neurological disease have drawn increasing attention. As a member of the N-myc downstream-regulated gene (NDRG) family, NDRG2 is principally expressed in astrocytes of the central nervous system. NDRG2, which is involved in cell proliferation and differentiation, is commonly regarded as a tumor suppressor. In astrocytes, NDRG2 affects the regulation of apoptosis, astrogliosis, blood-brain barrier integrity, and glutamate clearance. Several preclinical studies have revealed that NDRG2 is implicated in the pathogene...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences : CMLS - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Cell Mol Life Sci Source Type: research
AbstractThe lack of cerebral creatine (Cr) causes intellectual disability and epilepsy. In addition, a significant portion of individuals with Cr transporter (Crt) deficiency (CTD), the leading cause of cerebral Cr deficiency syndromes (CCDS), are diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. While the neurological effects of CTD are clear, the mechanisms that underlie these deficits are unknown. Part of this is due to the heterogenous nature of the brain and the unique metabolic demands of specific neuronal systems. Of particular interest related to Cr physiology are dopaminergic neurons, as many CCDS patients ...
Source: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 August 2019Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Janneke R Zinkstok, Erik Boot, Anne S Bassett, Noboru Hiroi, Nancy J Butcher, Claudia Vingerhoets, Jacob A S Vorstman, Therese A M J van AmelsvoortSummary22q11.2 deletion syndrome is characterised by a well defined microdeletion that is associated with a high risk of neuropsychiatric disorders, including intellectual disability, schizophrenia, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder, anxiety disorders, seizures and epilepsy, and early-onset Parkinson's disease. Preclinical and clinical data reveal substantial ...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusions: Methylphenidate, ropinirole, and resiniferatoxin have different mechanisms of actions but have a common end point leading to increased dopamine. We believe that these agents are linked with the reversible corneal edema seen in our 3 patients. This strongly correlates with previous studies that have linked amantadine, a drug that blocks dopamine reuptake, to reversible corneal edema.
Source: Cornea - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 June 2019Source: Progress in Retinal and Eye ResearchAuthor(s): Muneeb A. Faiq, Gadi Wollstein, Joel S. Schuman, Kevin C. ChanAbstractThe cholinergic system has a crucial role to play in visual function. Although cholinergic drugs have been a focus of attention as glaucoma medications for reducing eye pressure, little is known about the potential modality for neuronal survival and/or enhancement in visual impairments. Citicoline, a naturally occurring compound and FDA approved dietary supplement, is a nootropic agent that is recently demonstrated to be effective in ameliorating ischemi...
Source: Progress in Retinal and Eye Research - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research
We report on the most advanced techniques for manipulating cerebellar circuits in humans and animal models and define key hurdles and questions for moving forward. PMID: 31165428 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cerebellum - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cerebellum Source Type: research
We report on the most advanced techniques for manipulating cerebellar circuits in humans and animal models and define key hurdles and questions for moving forward.
Source: The Cerebellum - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This study reviews the discipline, models, and methodologies used to diagnose different psychological disorders. Initially, different types of human psychological disorders along with their biological and behavioural symptoms have been presented. The racial effects on these human disorders have been briefly explored. The morbidity rate of psychological disordered Indian patients has also been depicted. The significance of using different supervised learning and nature-inspired computing techniques in the diagnosis of different psychological disorders has been extensively examined and the publication trend of the related ar...
Source: Journal of Medical Systems - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research
This study examines the effect of TAAR1 partial agonist RO5263397 on the MMN-like response in freely moving C57BL/6 mice. Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded from awake mice in the oddball paradigm before and after RO5263397 administration. The RO5263397 (but not saline) administration increased the N40 amplitude in response to deviant stimuli. That provided the MMN-like difference at the 36–44 ms interval after the injection. The pitch deviance-elicited changes before the injection and in the control paradigm were established for the P68 component. After TAAR1 agonist administration the P68 amplitude in re...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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