Oncologic and Perioperative Outcomes of Laparoscopic, Open, and Robotic Approaches for Rectal Cancer Resection: A Multicenter, Propensity Score-Weighted Cohort Study

CONCLUSIONS: Resections that were approached laparoscopically were more likely to achieve oncologic success. Minimally invasive approaches did not lengthen operative times and provided benefits of reduced surgical site complications and decreased postoperative length of stay. Further studies are needed to clarify clinical outcomes and factors that influence the choice of approach. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B70. RESULTADOS ONCOLÓGICOS Y PERIOPERATORIOS DE LOS ABORDAJES LAPAROSCÓPICOS, ABIERTOS Y ROBÓTICOS PARA LA RESECCIÓN DEL CÁNCER RECTAL: UN ESTUDIO DE COHORTE MULTICÉNTRICO Y PONDERADO DEL PUNTAJE DE PROPENSIÓN ANTECEDENTES: Se ha demostrado que los enfoques mínimamente invasivos reducen las complicaciones del sitio quirúrgico sin comprometer los resultados oncológicos. OBJETIVO: El objetivo principal de este estudio es evaluar las tasas de resección oncológica exitosa y los resultados postoperatorios entre los abordajes laparoscópico, abierto y robótico para la resección del cáncer rectal. DISEÑO: Este es un estudio de cohorte cuasi-experimental multicéntrico que utiliza la ponderación de puntaje de propensión. AJUSTES: Las intervenciones se realizaron en hospitales que participan en el Programa Nacional de Mejora de la Calidad Quirúrgica del Colegio Americano de Cirujanos. PACIENTES: Se incluy...
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Contributions: Colorectal Cancer Source Type: research

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ConclusionICG fluorescence angiography can potentially reduce the AL rate with laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery.
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Authors: Ding Y, Li Z, Gao H, Cao Y, Jin W Abstract PURPOSE: To compare the short-term efficacy between natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE) without abdominal incision and conventional laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of sigmoid colon cancer and upper rectal cancer. METHODS: A total of 86 patients scheduled to undergo laparoscope-assisted radical surgery of sigmoid cancer or upper rectal cancer from January 2015 to September 2017 (T1-3 stages in preoperative imaging evaluation, no distant metastasis, and body mass index
Source: Journal of B.U.ON. - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J BUON Source Type: research
This study was conducted in a tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: All consecutive patients undergoing redo pelvic surgery after low anterior resection for rectal cancer between January 2005 and March 2018 were included. INTERVENTIONS: Redo surgery was divided into redo anastomosis and intersphincteric completion proctectomy. Transanal minimally invasive surgery procedures since November 2014 were compared with the conventional approach. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary end points were procedural characteristics and 90-day major complications. RESULTS: In total, 104 patients underwent redo surgery; 47 received a r...
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Contributions: Colorectal Cancer Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Video Vignette Source Type: research
Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1698395Transanal total mesorectal excision (taTME) is the culmination of major developments in rectal cancer management and minimally invasive surgery. This surgical breakthrough holds great promise and excitement for the care of the rectal cancer patient. We would be remiss in discussing taTME to not acknowledge the role of transanal abdominal transanal proctosigmoidectomy, transanal endoluminal microsurgery, laparoscopy, and natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery that got us to this modern day explosion of the taTME approach. In this article, we detail and ...
Source: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
ConclusionTotal transanal mesorectal excision has been shown to be a viable method for oncologic resection of locally advanced rectal cancer with curative intent.ResumoContextoA excisão total do mesorreto por via transanal é uma aborgadem crânio-caudal para a realização de ressecção minimamente invasiva do reto e tecidos perirretais em monobloco. É adequada para pacientes com câncer de reto médio e distal confinados ao envelope mesorretal. Aqui relatamos uma série de pacientes submetidos à excisão total do mesorreto por via transanal.M...
Source: Journal of Coloproctology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
ConclusionRACRS is safe in the treatment of patients with stage I –III colorectal cancer. Oncological outcome did not differ between RACRS and LCRS groups. RACRS had lower conversion and intra-operative complication rates.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsMore extended resections seem not to confer an increase of the overall survival rate.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Video Vignette Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Based on this nationwide database study, and after multivariate and propensity score-matched analyses, there was no increased risk of positive circumferential resection margin after laparoscopic vs open rectal resection. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/A996. MARGEN DE RESECCIÓN CIRCUNFERENCIAL DESPUÉS DE LA RESECCIÓN RECTAL LAPAROSCÓPICA Y ABIERTA: UN ESTUDIO DE COHORTE DE PUNTUACIÓN DE PROPENSIÓN A NIVEL NACIONAL ANTECEDENTES: Estudios recientes sugieren mejores resultados oncológicos después de la resección rectal abierta ver...
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original contributions: Colorectal Cancer Source Type: research
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