Comparison of the Effect of Age ( < 75 vs ≥ 75) on the Efficacy and Safety of Dual Therapy (Dabigatran + Clopidogrel or Ticagrelor) Versus Triple Therapy (Warfarin + Aspirin + Clopidogrel or Ticagrelor) in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (From the RE-DUAL PCI Trial)

The RE-DUAL PCI trial reported that dabigatran dual therapy (110/150 mg twice daily, plus clopidogrel or ticagrelor) reduced bleeding events versus warfarin triple therapy (warfarin plus aspirin and clopidogrel or ticagrelor) in patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, with noninferiority in composite thromboembolic events. In this prespecified analysis, risks of first major or clinically relevant nonmajor bleeding event and composite end point of death, thromboembolic events, or unplanned revascularization were compared between dabigatran dual therapy and warfarin triple therapy in older ( ≥ 75 years) and younger (
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research

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Publication date: January 2020Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology, Volume 36, Issue 1Author(s): Mohammed Shurrab, Asaf Danon, Sami Alnasser, Benedict Glover, Anna Kaoutskaia, Mark Henderson, David Newman, Eugene Crystal, Dennis KoAbstractBackgroundThe choice of antithrombotic therapy for atrial fibrillation (AF) patients who have an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or have undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is challenging. We aimed to assess outcomes between dual-antithrombotic therapy with the use of direct-acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs) plus an antiplatelet agent (dual therapy) compared with warfarin ...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Very low- to moderate-certainty evidence suggests no meaningful difference in efficacy outcomes between non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOAC) and vitamin K antagonists following percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in people with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. NOACs probably reduce the risk of recurrent hospitalisation for adverse events compared with vitamin K antagonists. Low- to moderate-certainty evidence suggests that dabigatran may reduce the rates of major and non-major bleeding, and apixaban and rivaroxaban probably reduce the rates of non-major bleeding compared with vitamin K an...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
The RE-DUAL PCI trial reported that dabigatran dual therapy (110/150 mg twice daily, plus clopidogrel or ticagrelor) reduced bleeding events versus warfarin triple therapy (warfarin plus aspirin and clopidogrel or ticagrelor) in patients with atrial fibrillation who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention, with noninferiority in composite thromboembolic events. In this prespecified analysis, risks of first major or clinically relevant nonmajor bleeding event and composite end point of death, thromboembolic events, or unplanned revascularization were compared between dabigatran dual therapy and warfarin triple therapy ...
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 November 2019Source: Canadian Journal of CardiologyAuthor(s): Mohammed Shurrab, Asaf Danon, Sami Alnasser, Benedict Glover, Anna Kaoutskaia, Mark Henderson, David Newman, Eugene Crystal, Dennis KoAbstractBackgroundThe choice of antithrombotic therapy for atrial fibrillation (AF) patients who have an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or have undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is challenging. We aimed to assess outcomes between dual antithrombotic therapy with DOACs plus an antiplatelet agent (Dual therapy) in comparison to warfarin plus two antiplatelet agents (Triple therap...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
There is a paucity of studies exploring whether the ischemia-bleeding trade-off could be different according to the stages of renal dysfunction in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Among 19598 patients in a pooled database from 3 Japanese PCI studies (CREDO-Kyoto Cohort-2, RESET, and NEXT), 1547 patients had concomitant AF. Patients were divided into 4 groups according to their renal function (Creatinine clearance [CCr]>60 mL/min: N=703, 60 ≥ CCr>30 mL/min: N=627, CCr ≤30 mL/min: N=126, Dialysis: N=91).
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Saito Y, Kobayashi Y Abstract Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has become a standard-of-care procedure in the setting of angina or acute coronary syndrome. Antithrombotic therapy is the cornerstone of pharmacological treatment aimed at preventing ischemic events following PCI. Dual antiplatelet therapy as the combination of aspirin and P2Y12 inhibitor has been proven to decrease stent-related thrombotic risks. However, the optimal duration of dual antiplatelet therapy, an appropriate P2Y12 inhibitor, and the choice of aspirin versus P2Y12 inhibitor as single antiplatelet therapy remain controversia...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Authors: Gumprecht J, Domek M, Lip GY Abstract Introduction: The non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are changing the landscape for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF) and prevention or treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE). In patients with AF and concomitant acute coronary syndrome (ACS), the treatment regimen of combined NOACs and P2Y12 inhibitors is gaining popularity. Areas covered: The authors conducted a review of studies published in the last 10 years regarding safety evaluation and effectiveness of apixaban for the treatment of AF and ACS, both alone and in combination with d...
Source: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Drug Saf Source Type: research
Conclusions: An antithrombotic regimen consisting of apixaban and a P2Y12 inhibitor without aspirin provides superior safety and similar efficacy in patients with AF who have ACS, whether managed medically or with PCI, or those undergoing elective PCI than regimens that include VKAs, aspirin, or both. Clinical Trial Registration: URL: https://clinicaltrials.gov Unique Identifier: NCT02415400. PMID: 31557056 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circulation Source Type: research
Abstract The optimal antithrombotic therapy among patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) who present with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or require percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) can be challenging, with combination therapy including both dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) and oral anticoagulation (OAC) markedly increasing bleeding risk.1 Recent trials with rivaroxaban2 and dabigatran3 have demonstrated the safety of using a non-vitamin K oral anticoagulant (NOAC) with a P2Y12 inhibitor, without aspirin or with reduced-dose aspirin, after PCI. The AUGUSTUS study demonstrated that apixaban resulted in less b...
Source: Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circulation Source Type: research
AbstractDirect oral anticoagulants (DOACs) include dabigatran, which inhibits thrombin, and apixaban, edoxaban, and rivaroxaban, which inhibit factor Xa. They have been extensively studied in large trials involving patients affected by the most common cardiovascular diseases. As the presence of diabetes leads to peculiar changes in primary and secondary hemostasis, in this review we highlight the current evidence regarding DOAC use in diabetic patients included in the majority of recently conducted studies. Overall, in trials involving patients with atrial fibrillation, data seem to confirm at least a similar efficacy and ...
Source: Acta Diabetologica - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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