Oxytocin Improves Empathy in Women With Borderline Personality Disorder

Oxytocin —a hormone that facilitates social bonding in animals—can improve empathy in women with borderline personality disorder (BPD), according to astudy inTranslational Psychiatry. Oxytocin was also associated with an increased desire to become emotionally close to someone.“BPD patients often report problems establishing and maintaining stable relationships to significant others,” wrote Gregor Domes, Ph.D., of the University of Freiburg, Germany, and colleagues. “Their relationships are characterized by a pervasive fear of abandonment, anxiousness, mistrust, and conflicts, which can culminate in hostile and impulsive behavior.”Domes and colleagues randomized 51 adult women with BPD and 51 age-matched women without BPD to receive either intranasal oxytocin or placebo 45 minutes prior to completing empathy assessments.Women with BPD who received placebo scored significantly lower on tests measuring emotional empathy (feeling someone else ’s pain), cognitive empathy (understanding someone else’s pain), and approach motivation than women in the control group taking placebo. Women with BPD were especially less responsive to positive emotions (pride, joy) than negative ones (sorrow, depression).“It appears that BPD patients more easily empathize with people in aversive situations or in distress, while it is difficult for them to be empathic with people in positive social situations,” Domes and colleagues wrote. &ld...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: approach motivation borderline personality disorder BPD empathy interpersonal relationship intranasal spray oxytocin randomized controlled trial Translational Psychiatry Source Type: research

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Comorbidity is the presence of one or more additional conditions co-occurring with a primary condition. In this episode, host schizophrenic Rachel Star Withers with her cohost Gabe Howard will be discussing comorbidity with schizophrenia. Comorbidity is associated with worse health outcomes, more complex clinical management and increased health care costs. Occupational therapist and host of the podcast Occupied, Brock Cook, will be joining us to discuss ways that he works with people with schizophrenia to manage multiple health issues.  Highlights from “Comorbidity with Schizophrenia” Episode [01:28] What ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Antipsychotic Inside Schizophrenia Mental Health and Wellness Psychiatry Psychology Psychotherapy Bipolar disorder and schizophrenia comorbid comorbid psychiatric conditions Comorbidities Comorbidity Diagnosis Of Schizophrenia Livi Source Type: blogs
Conclusion It is clear that clinically, there is still much to be learnt about alexithymia and its relationship with a range of related phenomena. Firstly, is alexithymia a continuous and stable trait independent of psychological or somatic symptomology that is developed during childhood? Or is it instead a reactive state induced by trauma and distress at any age, which serves to defend against intense and upsetting emotions? This impacts on treatment options. For example, should we be focussing on early childhood interventions which target the child's emotional environment and parenting to encourage emotional exp...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study will be conducted in the city of Porto Alegre in the state of Rio Grande do Sul in far-southern Brazil. This region has Portuguese, Italian, German, and African influence. It has a population of 1.4 million, and it is the 10th most populous city in Brazil. Its ethnic distribution is as follows: White (79.2%), Black (10.2%), and Pardo (multiracial) people (10.6%). Its religious distribution is as follows: Catholic (83%), Protestant (9%), and others and atheists (8%). Brazil is a country with a high level of religiosity, and it is common for people to associate improvements in their health as being due to their fa...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) vs.Mindstrong HealthMood Monitoring via Invasive Brain Recordings or Smartphone SwipesWhich Would You Choose?That's not really a fair question. The ultimate goal of invasive recordings is one of direct intervention, by delivering targeted brain stimulation as a treatment. But first you have to establish a firm relationship between neural activity and mood. Well, um, smartphone swipes (the way you interact with your phone) aim to establish a firm relationship between your “digital phenotype” and your mood. And then refer you to an app for a precision intervention. Or to your t...
Source: The Neurocritic - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Source Type: blogs
Conclusion We must take steps to recognize psychological trauma among our partners and ourselves, establish a supportive culture of understanding and help seeking, and realize that we are ineffective in caring for others if we do not first help ourselves. Highly effective treatments are available. References Boffa JW, Stanley IH1, Hom MA. PTSD symptoms and suicidal thoughts and behaviors among firefighters. J Psychiatr Res. 2017;84:277­–283. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (Sept. 4, 2014.) Substance use and mental health estimates from the 2013 National Survey on Drug Use and He...
Source: JEMS Special Topics - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Exclusive Articles Resiliency Operations Source Type: news
Suicide rates are high and have only been increasing over the years. Over 800,000 people die all over the world by suicide each year. A proportion of the suicides are murder suicides resulting in additional loss of life. Attempts at suicide occur more frequently and we have about one million suicide attempts occurring each year. Suicide is a heart-breaking problem that is growing and needs to be addressed in as many ways as is possible. Understanding the risk factors, knowing the warning signs and what to do about them, is a crucial step. The more the awareness the greater the impact on suicide prevention. Risk Factors f...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Depression General Suicide Source Type: news
Conclusions Further studies are needed to confirm the promising effects of CBIs and LKM. Preliminary evidence suggests that both approaches might be beneficial across various clinical populations. Future studies need to clarify whether these approaches might be options as stand-alone treatments or as adjuncts or augmentation of evidence-based methods in psychotherapy.
Source: Harvard Review of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Reviews Source Type: research
As a relatively new and still poorly recognized concept, few people come to therapy identifying as suffering from Complex Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (C-PTSD). As a rule, a diagnosis of C-PTSD comes only after the process of self-discovery in therapy has begun. When people suffering from C-PTSD are referred to a therapist, or decide to seek help for themselves, it is usually because they are seeking help for one of its symptoms, including dissociative episodes, problems forming relationships, and alcohol or substance abuse. One of the more common issues that leads to the discovery of C-PTSD is the presence of an eating ...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Addictions Anorexia Binge Eating Bulimia Eating Disorders Loneliness Psychology PTSD Trauma Treatment affect regulation Bingeing Body Image C-PTSD Child Abuse child neglect Childhood Trauma complex posttraumatic stress di Source Type: news
Years ago, when I experienced debilitating bouts of anxiety, I would easily lose my perspective and feel like an outcast — a freak. I momentarily transformed into a negative abstract of myself that possessed undignified emotional and behavioral idiosyncrasies. But, over time when I regained perspective, I appreciated my odd peculiarities as not only “unique” but as vital assets that helped me achieve some success in my life. Perspective: Use it or lose it. Got it. Seems easy. Not. The hard part was weathering the often betraying nature of this positive, elusive outlook. Whenever life flipped the coin on ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Anxiety and Panic Celebrities Creativity Motivation and Inspiration Personal Personality Psychology Psychotherapy Creative Genius Depression Generalized Anxiety Disorder Improving Self Esteem Mental Health Mental Illness Perspe Source Type: blogs
Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), developed by Marsha Linehan in the late 1980’s is a specific type of cognitive behavioral therapy that was originally developed to treat chronically suicidal individuals diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD).  It is now considered the treatment of choice for individuals with characteristics associated with symptoms of BPD such as impulsivity, interpersonal problems, emotion dysregulation, self-harm, and chronic suicidal behaviors. Dialectical Behavioral Therapy is a type of cognitive therapy that focuses on the balance between acceptance and change. DBT works w...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Addiction Anxiety and Panic Borderline Personality Eating Disorders Psychology Psychotherapy Treatment Borderline Personality Disorder Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Dialectical Behavior Therapy Dialectical Behavioral Therapy emotion d Source Type: blogs
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