Parkinson ’s Disease–Associated Changes in the Expression of Neurotrophic Factors and their Receptors upon Neuronal Differentiation of Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells

AbstractParkinson ’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative pathology resulting from the degeneration of dopaminergic (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra (SN). Neurotrophic factors (NTFs) and their receptors are key regulators of the survival, differentiation, and development of neurons. However, the role of these fa ctors in the pathogenesis of PD is still unclear. Here, we analyzed the expression of NTFs and their receptors in human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) derived from the fibroblasts of patients with PD and healthy donors (HDs). Four PD-derived iPSC lines with different mutations and three cell lines from HDs at different stages of neuronal differentiation were used for RT-qPCR analysis and ELISA. We found that the mRNA levels of most analyzed genes were altered in PD-derived cells compared with those in HD-derived cells at all stages. Importantly, irrespective of PD-associated mutations, the mRNA levels of theBDNF andGDNF genes were mostly increased or unchanged in predominantly DA terminally differentiated neurons (TDNs) compared with those in HD-derived cells. Strikingly, in contrast to BDNF and GDNF mRNA levels, BDNF and GDNF protein levels were lower in almost all PD-derived TDNs than in HD-derived cells, thus indicating the dysregulation of NTF expression at the post-transcriptional level. We suggest that this dysregulation is one of the important signs of PD development.
Source: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

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We examined whether Rhy promotes this regulation in bone marrow human mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-hMSCs). Results revealed (i) Rhy modulated biological activity by regulating the mitochondria, N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subunit, and levels of FGFβ (basic fibroblast growth factor), BDNF (brain-derived neurotrophic factor), OXTR (oxytocin receptor) and ATP (Adenosine triphosphate); (ii) Rhy altered expression level of BM-MSC proliferation/differentiation-related transcription genes; and (iii) interestingly, Rhy amplified the glycolytic flow ratio and lactate dehydrogenase activity while reducing pyruvate dehydrogen...
Source: Cytotherapy - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
Conclusion:Our findings demonstrate that rTMS treatment and hMSC transplantation could synergistically create a favorable microenvironment for cell survival within the PD rat brain, through alteration of soluble factors such as neurotrophic/growth factors and anti-/pro-inflammatory cytokines related to neuronal protection or repair, with preservation of DA neurons and improvement of motor functions.
Source: Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
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Source: Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract With the increasing prevalence of Parkinson's disease, there is an immediate need to interdict disease signs and symptoms. In recent years this need was met through therapeutic approaches focused on regenerative stem cell replacement and alpha-synuclein clearance. However, neither have shown long-term clinical benefit. A novel therapeutic approach designed to affect disease is focused on transforming the brain's immune microenvironment. As disordered innate and adaptive immune functions are primary components of neurodegenerative disease pathogenesis, this has emerged as a clear opportunity for therapeuti...
Source: Neurobiology of Disease - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neurobiol Dis Source Type: research
The J.P. Morgan Healthcare conference runs every year in San Francisco, a big draw for the biotech industry, and many organizations take the opportunity to host events at the same time. Among these, the SENS Research Foundation has for the past few years hosted a pitch day in which biotech companies in the longevity industry, largely startups, present to that portion of the Bay Area investor community interested in funding the treatment of aging as a medical condition. I was there to present on progress at Repair Biotechnologies, and took some notes on the other companies as they talked about their work. Kimera Labs ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Investment Source Type: blogs
This study provides strong evidence that following a healthy lifestyle can substantially extend the years a person lives disease-free." Commentary on Recent Evidence for Cognitive Decline to Precede Amyloid Aggregation in Alzheimer's Disease https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/01/commentary-on-recent-evidence-for-cognitive-decline-to-precede-amyloid-aggregation-in-alzheimers-disease/ I can't say that I think the data presented in the research noted here merits quite the degree of the attention that it has been given in the popular science press. It is interesting, but not compelling if its role...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 11 January 2020Source: Stem Cell ResearchAuthor(s): Carla Azevedo, Margarita Chumarina, Evgenija Serafimova, Stefano Goldwurm, Anna Collin, Laurent Roybon, Ekaterina Savchenko, Yuriy PomeshchikAbstractHere, we describe the generation of an induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) line, from a male patient diagnosed with Parkinson's disease (PD). The patient carries a heterozygous variation p.A53T in the SNCA gene. Skin fibroblasts were reprogrammed using the non-integrating Sendai virus technology to deliver OCT3/4, SOX2, c-MYC and KLF4 factors. The generated iPSC line (CSC-32) preserved the ...
Source: Stem Cell Research - Category: Stem Cells Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated the link between AF and senescence markers through the assessment of protein expression in the tissue lysates of human appendages from patients in AF, including paroxysmal (PAF) or permanent AF (PmAF), and in sinus rhythm (SR). The major findings of the study indicated that the progression of AF is strongly related to the human atrial senescence burden as determined by p53 and p16 expression. The stepwise increase of senescence (p53, p16), prothrombotic (TF), and proremodeling (MMP-9) markers observed in the right atrial appendages of patients in SR, PAF, and PmAF points toward multiple inter...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
AbstractParkinson ’s disease (PD) is the second most prevalent neurodegenerative disease characterized by severe dyskinesia due to a progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons along the nigro-striatal pathway. The current focus of treatment is to relieve symptoms through administration of levodopa, such as L-3,4-dihy droxy phenylalanine replacement therapy, dopaminergic agonist administration, functional neurosurgery, and gene therapy, rather than preventing dopaminergic neuronal damage. Hence, the application and development of neuroprotective/disease modification strategies is absolutely necessary. Currently, stem ce...
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Contributors : Christopher Bye ; Clare ParishSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Homo sapiens ; Mus musculusDopaminergic neurons (DAn), generated from human pluripotent stem cells (hPSC), are capable of functionally integrating following transplantation and have recently advanced to clinical trials for Parkinson ’s disease (PD). However, pre-clinical studies have highlighted the low proportion of DAn within hPSC-derived grafts and their inferior plasticity compared to fetal tissue. Here we examined whether delivery of a developmentally critical protein, glial cell line-derived n...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Homo sapiens Mus musculus Source Type: research
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