Inhibition of a novel coumarin on an aquatic rhabdovirus by targeting the early stage of viral infection demonstrates potential application in aquaculture

In this study, we designed and synthesized a novel coumarin derivative (C3007) for evaluating its in vitro and in vivo anti-SVCV effects. Here, we determined that up to 25 mg/L C3007 significantly decreased SVCV protein gene expression levels in EPC cells by a maximum inhibitory rate of>95%. When C3007 was preincubated with SVCV, infectivity was significantly inhibited in vitro in a time-dependent manner, with complete inhibition at 25 mg/L. For in vivo studies, C3007 exhibited an anti-SVCV effect by substantially enhancing the survival rate of virus-infected fish via intraperitoneal injection. Although the horizontal transmission of SVCV was hindered by C3007 in a static cohabitation challenge model, it was not completely blocked, showing that the viral loads in recipient fish were obviously reduced. Thus, C3007 could potentially be used as a therapeutic agent with great potential in aquatic systems and may also be suitable for applications in pond aquaculture settings against viral transmission. Additionally, the C3007-preincubated virus induced an antiviral immune response with high levels of IFN expression, suggesting that C3007 pre-treatment could be used in vaccine development.
Source: Antiviral Therapy - Category: Virology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 10 January 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Elizabeth C. Clarke, Steven B. BradfuteAbstractFor more than 20 years, researchers have used laboratory mice lacking type I or both type I and type II interferon (IFN) responses to study viruses that cause hemorrhagic fever (HF) in humans. Whereas immunocompetent mice do not become ill when infected with Ebola, Lassa, dengue and other HF viruses, IFN-deficient mice typically develop severe or fatal disease when inoculated with these pathogens. The ease of employment of these “mouse models” has led to their extensive use in bi...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - Category: Virology Source Type: research
ave;s Leblond Pierre Tritz Neurological disorders represent an important sanitary and economic threat for the equine industry worldwide. Among nervous diseases, viral encephalitis is of growing concern, due to the emergence of arboviruses and to the high contagiosity of herpesvirus-infected horses. The nature, severity and duration of the clinical signs could be different depending on the etiological agent and its virulence. However, definite diagnosis generally requires the implementation of combinations of direct and/or indirect screening assays in specialized laboratories. The equine practitioner, involved in a mi...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Abstract Influenza is an acute viral respiratory infection that causes significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Three types of influenza cause disease in humans. Influenza A is the type most responsible for causing pandemics because of its high susceptibility to antigenic variation. Influenza is highly contagious, and the hallmark of infection is abrupt onset of fever, cough, chills or sweats, myalgias, and malaise. For most patients in the outpatient setting, the diagnosis is made clinically, and laboratory confirmation is not necessary. Laboratory testing may be useful in hospitalized patients with suspect...
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research
In this study, prophylactic passive immunization was performed in a miniature swine model, using two vaccination-induced monoclonal antibodies (mAb), JEV-31 and JEV-169. These were selected as representatives for antibodies reactive with the major antigenic structures in the E protein of JEV and related flaviviruses. JEV-31 recognizes the lateral ridge of E protein domain III (EDIII) whilst JEV-169 has a broad footprint of binding involving residues throughout domains I (EDI) and II (EDII) of the E protein. Detection of neutralizing antibodies in the serum of immunized animals mimics the presence of neutralizing antibodies...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - Category: Virology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Andrew M. Skidmore, Robert S. Adcock, Colleen B. Jonsson, Jennifer E. Golden, Dong-Hoon ChungAbstractVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV) is an alphavirus that is endemic to the Americas. VEEV outbreaks occur periodically and cause encephalitis in both humans and equids. There are currently no therapeutics or vaccines for treatment of VEEV in humans. Our group has previously reported on the development of a benzamidine VEEV inhibitor, ML336, which shows potent antiviral activity in both in vitro and in vivo models of infection. In...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - Category: Virology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 28 November 2019Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Beatrice Cubitt, Emilio Ortiz-Riano, Benson YH. Cheng, Yu-Jin Kim, Charles D. Yeh, Catherine Z. Chen, N.O.E. Southall, Wei Zheng, Luis Martinez-Sobrido, Juan C. de la TorreAbstractThe mammarenavirus Lassa (LASV) is highly prevalent in West Africa where it infects several hundred thousand individuals annually resulting in a high number of Lassa fever (LF) cases, a febrile disease associated with high morbidity and significant mortality. Mounting evidence indicates that the worldwide-distributed prototypic mammarenavirus lymphocytic chori...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - Category: Virology Source Type: research
This study demonstrates for the first time that senescent cells secrete functional LTs, significantly contributing to the LTs pool known to cause or exacerbate idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Against Senolytics https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2019/11/against-senolytics/ There is no consensus in science that is so strong as to have no heretics. So here we have an interview with a naysayer on the matter of senolytic treatments, who argues that the loss of senescent cells in aged tissues will cause more harm to long-term health than the damage they will do by remaining. To be clear, I think this to be a ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In this study, we determine the first structure of MERS PLpro in complex with the full-length human ISG15 to a resolution of 2.3 Å. This structure and available structures of MERS PLpro-Ub complexes were used as molecular guides to design PLpro mutants that lack either or both DUB/deISG activities. We tested 13 different PLpro mutants for protease, DUB, and deISG activitites using fluorescence-based assays. Results show that we can selectively modulate DUB activity at amino acid positions 1649 and 1653 while mutation of Val1691 or His1652 of PLpro to a positive charged residue completely impairs both DUB/deISG acti...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - Category: Virology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our study demonstrated multiple obstacles to achieving the goal of preventing MIT of HBV. Comprehensive public health programs to enhance vaccine coverage rate, supply HBV vaccine for out-born neonates, screening maternal HBV markers, treating highly viremic pregnant mothers are proposed to overcome these obstacles and achieve the goal of preventing MIT of HBV.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Hepatology Source Type: research
Today's open access paper discusses possible approaches to the treatment of immunosenescence, the age-related decline in effectiveness of the immune system. Unfortunately it is largely a tour of compensatory treatments, ways to force the cells of the immune system into greater or more useful activity without addressing any of the underlying causes of immunosenescence. Many of these methodologies have serious side-effects, are disruptive of normal immune function and overall health, and cannot be applied for the long term. Checkpoint inhibition, or the delivery of recombinant IL-7, for example, both of which are used as sho...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Medicine, Biotech, Research Source Type: blogs
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