Rice University launches bold climate change initiative with Shell

(Rice University) With initial support from Shell, Rice University has launched Carbon Hub, a climate change research initiative to fundamentally change how the world uses hydrocarbons. Carbon Hub's goal is a zero-emissions future in which hydrocarbons are not burned. Instead, they are split to make clean hydrogen energy and valuable carbon materials.
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: news

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Drypetes klainei Pierre ex Pax is used in Cameroon by Baka people in the wound healing process and for the treatment of burns. In a previous paper we demonstrated the ability of both water (WE) and defatted methanol (DME) extracts to accelerate scratch wound closure in fibroblast cultures, thus validating the traditional use of D. klainey stem bark in the treatment of skin lesions. In this work we carried out a bioassay-guided fractionation of the most active DME, which exhibited in vitro efficacy in accelerating wound healing process, in order to isolate and identify the compound/s responsible for the assessed biological ...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
The remotely sensed burned area (BA) products can provide continuous and spatiotemporally explicit characteristics of fire patches, which are critical data sources for understanding regional fire regimes. However, their accuracy remains to be improved. In ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news
This work reports a strategy based on γ-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (KH550) and graphene oxide (GO)-functionalized 9,10-dihydro-9-oxa-10-phosphaphenanthrene-10-oxide (DOPO) to fabricate P-N-Si integrated flame retardant [KDOPO-modified GO (DGO)] through mi...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news
ConclusionThe present findings showed that nurses’ assessment of patient's readiness for weaning from MV (BWS) is a safe approach during the day, which can reduce MV duration more than other typical methods in ICUs.
Source: Heart and Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
[AIM] Maputo -Unidentified armed men on Monday night attacked a health centre in the village of Macorococho, in Nhamatanda district, in the central province of Sofala, killing four people, according to a report in Wednesday's issue of the independent newssheet "Carta de Mocambique".
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
In this study, for the rapid preparation of PAC from pulverized coal, response surface methodology (RSM) based on central composite design (CCD) was used to develop the second order quadratic models of SO2 adsorption capacity and burn-off. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to determine the effective parameters of the two models, and to explain the accuracy and fitness of them. In addition, the 3D response surface plots illustrated the influencing rules of the variables and their interactions. Further, multi-objective optimization was performed to maximize SO2 adsorption capacity and minimize burn-off using the desirabi...
Source: Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
(University of California - Santa Barbara) Fifty years ago, scientists hit upon what they thought could be the next rocket fuel. Carboranes -- molecules composed of boron, carbon and hydrogen atoms clustered together in three-dimensional shapes -- were seen as the possible basis for next-generation propellants due to their ability to release massive amounts of energy when burned.
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: news
Prof Sandy Harrison tells the Liberal on his Facebook page that his misuse of her study should not go unchallengedA leading UK climate scientist has used the Facebook page of the MP Craig Kelly to correct his “blatant misrepresentation” of a study she co-authored on a 70,000-year history of bushfires in Australia.Kelly, a serial denier of climate change, has been using the 2011 study to claim rising CO2 in the atmosphere can ’t be linked to Australia’s bushfire crisis, because the study had shown total area being burned was going down while CO2 is rising.Continue reading...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Climate change Coalition Australian politics Liberal party Facebook Australia news Environment Science Source Type: news
ConclusionsThis study highlighted that burn survivors in the Sultanate of Oman report low quality of life as measured by the Burn Specific Health Scale-brief. Such physical and psychological areas should be targeted for comprehensive improvement of burn care in the Sultanate of Oman.Level of evidence: Level IV, risk/prognostic study.
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research
Polyurethanes (PU) are the sixth most produced plastics with around 18-million tons in 2016, but since they are not recyclable, they are burned or landfilled, generating damage to human health and ecosystems. To elucidate the mechanisms that landfill microbial communities perform to attack recalcitrant PU plastics, we studied the degradative activity of a mixed microbial culture, selected from a municipal landfill by its capability to grow in a water PU dispersion (WPUD) as the only carbon source, as a model for the BP8 landfill microbial community. The WPUD contains a polyether-polyurethane-acrylate (PE-PU-A) copolymer an...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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