Serial measurement of electrolyte and citrate concentrations in blood-primed continuous hemodialysis circuits during closed-circuit dialysis

ConclusionsFor closed-circuit dialysis using an RBC solution, the formula [dialysate flow rate (mL/min)  × time of dialysis (min)]/extracorporeal volume (mL) would be a better parameter to estimate efficacy, compared with other metrics. Additionally, the citrate concentration can be readily estimated from the ionized calcium concentration during closed-circuit dialysis.
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

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Although our Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study reported a relatively slow international decrease of hepatitis C virus (HCV) prevalence and incidence in hemodialysis (HD) units from 1996 to 20121 (before the direct-acting antiviral era), Huang et  al. now report their direct-acting antiviral–based elimination of HCV from a single HD unit in Taiwan.2 Such eradication of HCV will reduce the clinical burden associated with HCV infection. In addition, HCV eradication should prevent HCV nosocomial transmission.
Source: Kidney International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
Majernikova Effective vascular access (VA) is an essential condition for providing hemodialysis, affecting patients’ health outcomes. We aim to explore how health literacy (HL) as a non-clinical factor is associated with the decision-making process regarding VA type selection. Using data from 20 dialysis centers across Slovakia (n = 542, mean age = 63.6, males = 60.7%), the association of HL with type of VA (arteriovenous fistula (AVF) vs. central venous catheter (CVC)) was analyzed using a logistic regression model adjusted for sociodemographic characteristics and comorbidity. Sociodemographic data and da...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The hemodiafiltration with endogenous infusion system is a new dialysis technique that combines diffusion, convection, and adsorption processes. It allows for extensive solute removal, including protein-bound uremic toxins and some pro-inflammatory cytokines, but does not cause nutrient loss and inflammatory response during the treatment. Although the effect after a single hemodiafiltration with endogenous infusion session is limited, it may be improved by repeated and long-term treatment. PMID: 31942823 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The International Journal of Artificial Organs - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Int J Artif Organs Source Type: research
Abstract RATIONALE: End-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients have high annual mortality mainly due to cardiovascular causes. The acute effects of obstructive and central sleep apnea on cardiac function in ESRD patients have not been determined. We therefore tested, in patients with ESRD, the hypotheses that (1) sleep apnea induces deterioration in cardiac function overnight and (2) attenuation of sleep apnea severity by ultrafiltration (UF) attenuates this deterioration. METHODS: At baseline, ESRD patients, on conventional hemodialysis, with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)>45% had polysomnography ...
Source: American Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Am J Nephrol Source Type: research
The objectives of the conservative treatment for chronic kidney disease are to slow down the progression of kidney dysfunction, treat complications (anemia, bone diseases, cardiovascular diseases), vaccination for hepatitis B, and preparation for kidney replacement therapy.
Source: Revista da Associacao Medica Brasileira - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Wang Z, Gong Y, Fan F, Yang F, Qiu L, Hong T, Huo Y Abstract Objectives: To evaluate the optimal revascularization strategy for patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and end stage renal disease (ESRD) in the drug-eluting stent (DES) era.Methods: One hundred and twelve patients with ESRD treated with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were enrolled from 2007 to 2017. All patients were dialysis-dependent, of which 26 received CABG and 86 underwent PCI. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. Secondary endpoints were major adverse cardiovascular even...
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
Conditions:   Hemodialysis;   Sarcopenia Intervention:   Dietary Supplement: NATURLENS Sponsors:   Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Consorziale;   Università degli Studi di Bari Aldo Moro Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
We report our care of a 48-year-old woman suffering from right heart failure and massive fluid overload due to severe pulmonary hypertension secondary to a combination of left-heart disease and status after recurrent pulmonary embolisms. Alterations in Doppler-derived intrarenal venous flow patterns and a novel renal venous stasis index were used to evaluate improvement in renal venous congestion during recompensation. Due to refractory congestion despite optimal medical treatment and continuous veno-venous hemodialysis, a peritoneal dialysis catheter was placed to relieve the massive ascites. The paracentesis of ascites l...
Source: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Tags: Rev Cardiovasc Med Source Type: research
AbstractAcute kidney injury (AKI) is common in critically ill children and affects nearly 30 –40% of patients admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (ICU). Even with technological advances in critical care and dialysis, there is a high mortality rate of 66.8% to 90% in ICU patients. Renal replacement therapy (RRT) is often performed to treat patients with AKI. However, for optimal RRT treatment, it is crucial to consider the indications, modes of access, and prescription of each RRT method. Therefore, this review aims to discuss the various modalities of RRT in pediatric patients, which include peritoneal dial...
Source: Indian Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
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