Trends and outcomes of robotic surgery for gastrointestinal (GI) cancers in the USA: maintaining perioperative and oncologic safety

ConclusionThe utilization of robotic-assisted resections of GI cancers is rapidly increasing with more frequent use in younger and healthier patients. This study demonstrates that with the rising utilization of robotic-assisted resections, perioperative outcomes and oncologic safety have not been compromised.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research

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This study investigated the types treated at the institutions in rural communities of Japan. A questionnaire survey was conducted for 811 public rural institutions (clinics and small-to-middle-sized hospitals [
Source: The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Tohoku J Exp Med Source Type: research
Seven risk factors including age (every 5  years), low‐density lipoprotein‐cholesterol, smoking, body mass index, diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, and aspartate aminotransferase (every 5 units) were independent indicators of 8‐year cancer events in patients with NAFLD. A simple risk model and a score system were developed to predict the risk of cancer events after NAFLD based on 8‐year follow‐up of 1254 NAFLD patients. The risk model was well validated in the test samples (n = 627) and evaluation samples (n = 627) with 8‐year follow‐up. Importantly, the risk model performed...
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
This study aimed to study the travel distance to cancer patient's GP and to the hospital of diagnosis and the association with tumour stage for 12 cancer types. A cohort study was conducted including cancer patients in Denmark diagnosed between 2005 and 2016 with rectum, malignant melanoma, breast, testis, oesophageal, colon, cervix, prostate, stomach, pancreatic, lung and ovary cancer (n = 256,663). Distance to each patient's GP and to the hospital of diagnosis were calculated using ArcGIS, Network Analyst. The results showed that for most easy-to-diagnose cancer types (rectum cancer, malignant melanoma, testis cancer...
Source: Health and Place - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Health Place Source Type: research
Authors: Mendoza-Almanza G, Ortíz-Sánchez E, Rocha-Zavaleta L, Rivas-Santiago C, Esparza-Ibarra E, Olmos J Abstract Cervical cancer (CC) is one of the leading causes of cancer-associated mortalities in women from developing countries. Similar to other types of cancer, CC is considered to be a multifactorial disease, involving socioeconomic, cultural, immunological and epigenetic factors, as well as persistent human papilloma virus (HPV) infection. It has been well established that cancer stem cells (CSCs) play an important role in defining tumor size, the speed of development and the level of regressi...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Cancer survival rates for esophagus, stomach, colon, rectum, pancreas, lung,...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: AI predicts lung cancer survival from CT scan data Lancet: Cancer survival rates improve but vary widely Cancer deaths continue to fall, but CT lung screening lags ACS: U.S. cancer death rates continue to fall NEJM: Treatment, not screening, cuts breast cancer deaths
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
Gluten? Lactose? Stomach pain? Digestive troubles? Way too many people suffer from gastrointestinal issues, and much less are aware of the digital technologies that can come to their aid. Did you know that digestibles could successfully replace the dreaded colonoscopy? Or have you heard about microbiome testing? What about the swarm of health apps supporting dietary restrictions? We took a deep breath and jumped into the universe of digital technologies just to bring you as much information about the future of gastroenterology as possible. Will you jump after us? IBS, colorectal cancer, and other animals Referring to...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Future of Medicine Genomics Health Sensors & Trackers diet dieting digestibles digestion digital health gastro gastroenterologist gastroenterology gastrointestinal gluten gut Innovation lactose microbiome stomach techno Source Type: blogs
[Lymphadenectomy in oncological visceral surgery-Part 2 : Cancer of the upper and lower intestinal tract]. Chirurg. 2019 May 22;: Authors: Kauff DW, Babic B, Grimminger PP, Kneist W, Lang H Abstract In cancers of the upper and lower intestinal tract the risk of lymphatic metastases depends on the histological results, tumor grading, and depth of tumor infiltration (T-stage). Pretherapeutic staging is of particular importance for determining the surgical strategy (local excision vs. en bloc resection with regional lymphadenectomy) as well as for evaluating the necessity of neoadjuvant therapy. Whi...
Source: Der Chirurg - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Chirurg Source Type: research
AbstractGastrointestinal (GI) cancer is common, characterized by high mortality, and includes oesophagus, gastric, liver, bile duct, pancreas, rectal and colon cancers. The insufficient specificity and sensitivity of biomarkers is still a key clinical hindrance for GI cancer diagnosis and successful treatment. The emergence of `precision medicine ’, `basket trial’ and `field cancerization’ concepts calls for an urgent need and importance for the understanding of how organ system cancers occur at the molecular levels. Knowledge from both the literature and data available in public databases is informative ...
Source: Database : The Journal of Biological Databases and Curation - Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: research
This study is an important step forward in highlighting C1q as a new prognostic candidate biomarker for a range of carcinomas. Methods Oncomine Database Analysis The expression levels of C1QA, C1QB, and C1QC genes in various carcinomas were analyzed using Oncomine (www.oncomine.org), a cancer microarray database and web-based data mining platform from genome-wide expression analyses (22, 23). We compared the differences in mRNA level between normal tissue and carcinoma. The mRNA expression levels in neoplastic tissues compared to the healthy tissues were obtained as the parameters of p-value 2, and gene ranking in the t...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusions This review describes how leukocyte-heparanase can be a double-edged sword in tumor progression; it can enhance tumor immune surveillance and tumor cell clearance, but also promote tumor survival and growth. We also discuss the potential of using heparanase in leukocyte therapies against tumors, and the effects of heparanase inhibitors on tumor progression and immunity. We are just beginning to understand the influence of heparanase on a pro/anti-tumor immune response, and there are still many questions to answer. How do the pro/anti-tumorigenic effects of heparanase differ across different cancer types? Does...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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