Photobiomodulation on Postoperative Pain

Conditions:   Knee Osteoarthritis;   Metabolic Disease Interventions:   Device: Photobiomodulation + patiente controled anaethesia (PCA);   Device: Placebo + patiente controled anaethesia (PCA) Sponsor:   University of Sao Paulo General Hospital Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials

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ConclusionsPRP improves pain and function of osteoarthritis. Heterogeneity and risk-of-bias limit current data, requiring more RCTs to determine any regenerative potential of PRP.Prospero Systematic Review Registration Number: 136582
Source: Journal of Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
A short course of a potent dose of prednisolone safely reduced finger pain and local joint inflammation in patients with hand osteoarthritis, a trial in The Lancet reported.
Source: JAMA - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionThe findings of this study partly confirm the hypotheses that pain and functional impairments after TKA without patellar resurfacing are associated with patellar shape. No association was revealed between postoperative patellar orientation and function nor pain. Quantitative consideration of patellar congruency could therefore prevent pain and improve function after TKA without patellar resurfacing.Level of evidenceRetrospective study, Level III.
Source: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundDespite being a common cause of quality-of-life impairment, there are no efficacious therapies that could prevent the progression of knee osteoarthritis (KOA). We conducted an open-label trial of human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) and hyaluronic acid (HA) for treating KOA.MethodsThis open-label study was conducted from July 2015 to December 2018 at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia. Patients diagnosed with KOA were injected three times, comprising of 10  × 106 units of hUC-MSCs in 2-ml secretome implantation and 2-ml hyaluronic acid (HA) inject...
Source: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
ConclusionWe present first ‐hand evidence that the clinical symptoms of OA are mainly associated with C3 in the local SF rather than systemic circulation, suggesting local factors in the etiopathogenesis. Future local targeted therapies for pain management may be more effective and safer.
Source: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Abstract INTRODUCTION: We investigated the effects of lower back pain (LBP) on measures of pain, disability, and function in highly symptomatic hip OA patients receiving intra-articular steroid injection (IASI) therapy. We also investigated the effect of radiographic severity of hip OA for comparison to LBP. METHODS: 97 consenting subjects with symptomatic hip OA presenting for IASI were evaluated at baseline, assessed over an 8-week period, and followed at least 1 year later for new arthroplasty. At baseline and 8 weeks follow-up patient demographics, presence/absence of back pain, physical fun...
Source: Hip International - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Hip Int Source Type: research
Authors: Schmitz MR, Murtha AS, Clohisy JC, ANCHOR Study Group Abstract Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in adolescents and young adults can cause notable pain and dysfunction and is a leading cause of progressive hip osteoarthritis in affected patients. Recognition of the clinical symptoms and radiographic presentation of DDH in adolescents and young adults are paramount for early management. Plain radiographs are critical for making proper diagnosis, whereas three-dimensional imaging including MRI and/or CT detects intra-articular pathology and better characterizes hip morphology. Management of early, sym...
Source: The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Am Acad Orthop Surg Source Type: research
This study aims to identify the prevalence of preoperative opioid prescriptions and the specialty and practice setting of the prescriber, as well as the percentage of patients who do not report their opioid prescriptions and any variables associated with preoperative opioid prescriptions. METHODS: A total of 461 consecutive new patients evaluated for an arthritic hip or knee were retrospectively studied using institutional data from a tertiary-care, urban center at a university-affiliated private-practice and the state Prescription Monitoring Program to identify opioid prescriptions (including medication, number of pil...
Source: The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Am Acad Orthop Surg Source Type: research
Abstract Purpose: The current study aimed to evaluate the internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and construct validity of the translated and adapted Arabic version of the Oxford shoulder score in patients with shoulder disorders.Methods: One hundred four patients (average age 45.9 ± 15.2 years; female 78.8%) with shoulder disorders, including impingement syndrome, rotator cuff disorder, osteoarthritis, and adhesive capsulitis, participated. The participants were asked to complete the adapted Arabic version of the Oxford shoulder score, shoulder pain and disability index, and th...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Authors: Eftekharsadat B, Aghamohammadi D, Dolatkhah N, Hashemian M, Salami H Abstract Background: We aimed to determine dietary intake and serum concentration of α-tocopherol and lycopene in subjects with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) in relation to pain intensity and functional status and comparing them with healthy controls. Methods: This case-control study was conducted among 35 patients with primary KOA and 35 matched healthy subjects selected using convenience sampling method. Dietary intakes of alpha-tocopherol and lycopene were estimated from 24-hour dietary records. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Weste...
Source: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research - Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Vitam Nutr Res Source Type: research
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