Somalia: The First Phase of a Nationwide Integrated Polio and Measles Vaccination Ends in Somalia, Achieves High Coverage

[Dalsan Radio] The first phase of a nationwide integrated polio and measles vaccination campaign has concluded in Somalia having achieved high coverage.
Source: AllAfrica News: Polio - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

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ConclusionsReceiving the birth dose is positively associated with up-to-date status later in childhood, highlighting the importance of starting vaccination early. The association is insensitive to confounding by factors observed in National Immunization Survey-Child, but investigation of unobserved factors such as vaccine hesitancy could provide critical information to guide intervention strategy.
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
AbstractThe role of vaccination in the development of Guillain-Barr é syndrome (GBS) is controversial, although cases of GBS have been reported following a wide range of vaccines. A nested case–control study was conducted between January 2011 and December 2015 in three Chinese cities. Four controls were matched to a case by gender, age, address and index date. An independent expert committee validated the diagnoses of cases and controls according to the Brighton Collaboration GBS case definition. Data on vaccinations were obtained from computerized vaccination records. Causal relations were assessed by conditi...
Source: European Journal of Epidemiology - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
This article provides information on these and other travel vaccinations against hepatitis A, typhoid fever, rabies, Japanese encephalitis and cholera.Yellow fever endemic areas are located in Africa and in South America; there is no yellow fever in Asia. The meningococcal vaccine (A, C, W, Y) is required for pilgrims to Saudi Arabia. Additionally, it is recommended for travellers visiting the African "meningitis belt" during the dry season. A polio booster is required for countries with endemic wild-type polio virus (WPV) or circulating vaccine derived poliovirus (cVDPV).Hepatitis A is a common vaccine-prev...
Source: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz Source Type: research
Abstract Immunization has made an enormous contribution to global health. Global vaccination coverage has dramatically improved and mortality rates among children due to vaccine-preventable diseases have been significantly reduced since the creation of the Expanded Programme of Immunization in 1974, the formation of Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, in 2000, and the development of the Global Vaccine Action Plan in 2012. However, challenges remain and persisting inequities in vaccine uptake contribute to the continued occurrence and outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases. Inequalities in immunization coverage by geogr...
Source: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz Source Type: research
We describe secular trends and socioeconomic disparities from 1982 to 2015, using data from four population-based birth cohorts carried out in the city of Pelotas. Full immunization coverage (FIC) was defined as having received four basic vaccines (one dose of BCG and measles, and three doses of polio and DTP) scheduled for the first year of life. Information on income was collected through standardized questionnaires, and the slope index of inequality (SII) was calculated to express the difference in percent points between the rich and poor extremes of the income distribution. Full immunization coverage was 80.9% (95% CI ...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
[East African] Uganda has just concluded a national polio, measles and rubella immunisation campaign that ended October 23, and which was marred by a growing vaccine sceptism by the public.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
[WHO] In the recently concluded Measles-Rubella-Polio campaign conducted by Uganda's Ministry of Health (MoH) with support from GAVI, the Vaccine Alliance and the World Health Organization (WHO), partial results reveal that 18 770 706 (105%) children have so far been vaccinated against Measles and Rubella. This is higher than the nationwide target which was 18 100 000 children. The Measles-Rubella vaccination campaign targeted children above nine months but below fifteen years.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
Conclusions and recommendations: The proportion of children who were fully vaccinated in pastoral and semipastoral zones was low. Dropout rates for measles, BCG and pentavalent 1 immunization were above the acceptable rate of less than 10%. Therefore, efforts should focus on mobilizing the community to complete all child vaccinations, and community-based approaches with the integration of community volunteers, health extension workers and health center staff should be strengthened so that dropout children can be traced so that they can complete their vaccinations. More information is also required on why mothers/caregivers...
Source: Ethiopian Journal of Health Development - Category: African Health Source Type: research
Abstract Several live vaccines may have beneficial non-specific effects (NSEs) reducing mortality more than can be explained by the prevention of the target infection, a phenomenon which has been linked to innate immune training. Most randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of oral polio vaccine (OPV) and measles vaccine (MV) have shown a large reduction in mortality that must have been at least partly nonspecific because it was much larger than the reduction explained by prevention of the target disease. Hence, stopping a live vaccine after disease-eradication could have negative health effects if the potential benef...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
[Daily News] AUTHORITIES in Kagera are working on initiatives to conduct measles-rubella and polio vaccinations targeting over 800,000 children under five years.
Source: AllAfrica News: Polio - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
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