Effect of glucocorticoids on mortality in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome: A meta-analysis.

Effect of glucocorticoids on mortality in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome: A meta-analysis. Exp Ther Med. 2019 Dec;18(6):4913-4920 Authors: Zhao Q, Shi JX, Hu R, Li Q, Zhang CY, Li JS Abstract To date, the efficacy of glucocorticoid therapy to reduce mortality in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has remained controversial among the studies available. The present meta-analysis study aimed to further clarify the impact of glucocorticoid therapy on mortality in patients with ARDS by performing a pooled analysis of the previous data. The PubMed, Chinese Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang and Cochrane trials databases were searched for relevant studies published between 1966 and 2016. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that included the use of glucocorticoids in patients with ARDS and had reported on mortality were included. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for mortality were calculated. A total of 10 RCTs were included in the meta-analysis. Of these, 4 studies used high-dose glucocorticoid therapy, while 6 used low-dose glucocorticoid therapy. In the pooled analysis, glucocorticoids were indicated to significantly reduce ARDS-associated mortality (OR=0.64, 95% CI: 0.48-0.85, P=0.002). Further subgroup analysis indicated the following: i) Long-term low-dose glucocorticoid therapy reduced ARDS-associated mortality compared with that in the control group (OR=0.60, 95% CI: 0.44-0.82, P=0.001), whereas hi...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research

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