Cancers, Vol. 11, Pages 1974: The Syk Kinase Promotes Mammary Epithelial Integrity and Inhibits Breast Cancer Invasion by Stabilizing the E-Cadherin/Catenin Complex

Cancers, Vol. 11, Pages 1974: The Syk Kinase Promotes Mammary Epithelial Integrity and Inhibits Breast Cancer Invasion by Stabilizing the E-Cadherin/Catenin Complex Cancers doi: 10.3390/cancers11121974 Authors: Toufic Kassouf Romain Maxime Larive Anne Morel Serge Urbach Nadir Bettache Ma Cleofas Marcial Medina Fabrice Mèrezègue Gilles Freiss Marion Peter Florence Boissière-Michot Jérôme Solassol Philippe Montcourrier Peter Coopman While first discovered in immunoreceptor signaling, the Syk protein kinase behaves as a tumor and metastasis suppressor in epithelial cells. Its reduced expression in breast and other carcinomas is correlated with decreased survival and increased metastasis risk, but its action mechanism remains largely unknown. Using phosphoproteomics we found that Syk phosphorylated E-cadherin and α-, β-, and p120-catenins on multiple tyrosine residues that concentrate at intercellular junctions. Increased Syk expression and activation enhanced E-cadherin/catenin phosphorylation, promoting their association and complex stability. In human breast cancer cells, Syk stimulated intercellular aggregation, E-cadherin recruitment and retention at adherens junctions, and promoted epithelial integrity, whereas it inhibited cell migration and invasion. Opposite effects were obtained with Syk knockdown or non-phosphorylatable mutant E-cadherin expression. Mechanistically, Syk stimulated the ...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 9 January 2020Source: Stem Cell ReportsAuthor(s): Raghava R. Sunkara, Rahul M. Sarate, Priyanka Setia, Sanket Shah, Sanjay Gupta, Pankaj Chaturvedi, Poonam Gera, Sanjeev K. WaghmareSummaryWnt signaling is involved in the regulation of cancer stem cells (CSCs); however, the molecular mechanism involved is still obscure. SFRP1, a Wnt inhibitor, is downregulated in various human cancers; however, its role in tumor initiation and CSC regulation remains unexplored. Here, we used a skin carcinogenesis model, which showed early tumor initiation in Sfrp1−/− (Sfrp1 knockout) mice and i...
Source: Stem Cell Reports - Category: Stem Cells Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The differential diagnosis between OM and primary ovarian cancer can be challenging for the pathologist as well and immunostaining is of help. GCFDP15 is the most specific for breast carcinoma. In contrast with the recent papers published in the literature, we detected TTF-1 cytoplasmic expression in invasive breast carcinoma by SPT24 clone. PMID: 31912104 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology - Category: General Medicine Tags: Rom J Morphol Embryol Source Type: research
In this study, in vitro/in vivo expression, biomarker potential and genetic/epigenetic alterations of DNAJC10 were analyzed in breast cancer. METHODS: Real-time qRT-PCR and immunohistochemistry methods were used to determine the expression level of DNAJC10 gene in breast cancer cell lines and clinical samples. The Kaplan-Meier plotter was used to evaluate the survival prognostic value of DNAJC10 mRNA expression in breast cancer patients. Mutation screening software and methylation-specific PCR were used to screen genetic alterations and methylation status of DNAJC10 promoter regions, respectively. RESULTS: DNAJC1...
Source: Breast Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Breast Cancer Source Type: research
Conclusions18F-FDG uptake on PET/MRI correlated with TIL levels in patients with TNBC and HER2-positive breast cancer. This finding suggests that preoperative PET/MRI may be useful as a non-invasive tool for guiding the treatment plan.
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
This article summarizes the associations between miR-429 and malignant tumors as well as potential action mechanisms. miR-429 has a potential to be used in the future as a biomarker for the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of certain cancers. PMID: 31884798 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neoplasma - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Neoplasma Source Type: research
In conclusion, ITGB1 and EMT are involved in MAT-induced breast carcinoma cell death and the inhibition of metastasis. This may lead to the development of novel compounds for the treatment of breast cancer metastasis. PMID: 31853313 [PubMed]
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Canine mammary gland tumor (CMT) is one of the most important tumors in intact female dogs, and due its similarity to human breast cancer (BC), it is considered a model in comparative oncology. A subset of mammary gland tumors can show aggressive behavior, and a recurrent histological finding is the presence of vasculogenic mimicry (VM). VM is a process in which highly aggressive cancer cells fuse, forming fluid-conducting channels without endothelial cells. Although, VM has been described in canine inflammatory carcinoma, no previous studies have investigated the prognostic and predictive significance of VM in CMT. Thus, ...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Biological markers that could predict the progression of ductal carcinoma in-situ (DCIS) to invasive breast cancer (IDC) are required urgently for personalized therapy for patients diagnosed with DCIS. As stroma was invaded by malignant cells, perturbed stromal-epithelial interactions would bring about tissue remodeling. With the specific expression of the fibroblast activation protein-alpha (FAP-a), Carcinoma-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are the main cell populations in the remodeled tumor stroma. Golgi phosphoprotein 3 (GOLPH3), a documented oncogene possessing potent transforming capacity, is not only up-regulated in m...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Breast carcinosarcoma is a rare subtype of metaplastic breast cancer. It is characterised by large tumour size, higher rates of axillary nodal involvement, higher rates of both local and distant recurrence, and is difficult to diagnose with preoperative core needle biopsies. Adjuvant treatment after surgical operation may improve the five-year OS of patients with breast carcinosarcoma. PMID: 31820860 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Polish Journal of Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Pol J Pathol Source Type: research
This study aimed at exploring the immunotranscriptome of primary tumors associated with the status of CTCs in breast cancer (BCa) patients. The expression of 730 immune-related genes in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded samples was analyzed using the multigenomic NanoString technology and correlated with the presence and the phenotype of CTCs. Upregulation of 37 genes and downregulation of 1 gene were observed in patients characterized by a mesenchymal phenotype of CTCs when compared to patients with epithelial CTCs. The upregulated genes were involved in NF-kappa B signaling and in the production of type I interferons. The...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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