Early secreted antigenic target of 6-kDa of Mycobacterium tuberculosis induces transition of macrophages into epithelioid macrophages by downregulating iNOS / NO-mediated H3K27 trimethylation in macrophages

ConclusionThis study demonstrates that ESAT6 bound with TLR2 can activate iNOS/NO and ROS signalings to reduce the trimethylation of H3K27 resulting in the increment of EMMMs expression that is beneficial to the transition of macrophages into epithelioid macrophages. However, hypoxia can inhibit this transition event. This study has provided new evidence of pathogenesis of granuloma caused by Mtb and also proposed new ideas for the treatment of TB.
Source: Molecular Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

Related Links:

Mycobacteria are unique in many aspects of their biology. The development of genetic tools to identify genes critical for their growth by forward genetic analysis holds great promises to advance our understanding of their cellular, physiological and biochemical processes. Here we report the development of a novel transposon, MycoTetOP2, to aid the identification of such genes by direct transposon mutagenesis. This mariner-based transposon contains nested anhydrotetracycline (ATc)-inducible promoters to drive transcription outward from both of its ends. In addition, it includes the Escherichia coli R6Kγ origin to faci...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
This study provides strong evidence that following a healthy lifestyle can substantially extend the years a person lives disease-free." Commentary on Recent Evidence for Cognitive Decline to Precede Amyloid Aggregation in Alzheimer's Disease https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/01/commentary-on-recent-evidence-for-cognitive-decline-to-precede-amyloid-aggregation-in-alzheimers-disease/ I can't say that I think the data presented in the research noted here merits quite the degree of the attention that it has been given in the popular science press. It is interesting, but not compelling if its role...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
on TD Abstract Anemia is an increasingly recognized problem in sub-Saharan Africa. To determine the magnitude, severity, and associated factors of anemia among hospitalized children aged 6-59 months, HIV-infected and HIV-exposed uninfected children (a child born to a known HIV-infected mother) with a documented fever or history of fever within the prior 24 hours of hospital admission (N = 413) were included in this analysis. Of 413 children enrolled, 364 (88%) were anemic, with 53% classified as mild anemia (hemoglobin [Hb] 7-9.9 g/dL). The most common diagnoses associated with hospital admission included acute re...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
Publication date: February 2020Source: Phytochemistry Letters, Volume 35Author(s): Noviany Noviany, Arash Samadi, Nita Yuliyan, Sutopo Hadi, Muhammad Aziz, Neny Purwitasari, Suriyati Mohamad, Nur Najihah Ismail, Kevin P. Gable, Taifo MahmudAbstractA new 2-arylbenzofuran, sesbagrandiflorain C (1), together with four known compounds, 2-(3,4-dihydroxy-2-methoxyphenyl)-4-hydroxy-6-methoxybenzofuran-3-carbaldehyde (2), 2-(4-hydroxy-2-methoxyphenyl)-5,6-dimethoxybenzofuran-3-carboxaldehyde (3), sesbagrandiflorain A (4) and sesbagrandiflorain B (5), have been isolated from the stem bark of an Indonesian plant, Sesbania grandiflor...
Source: Phytochemistry Letters - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Protein Science - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
We describe MGEfinder, a bioinformatic toolbox that identifies integrative MGEs and their insertion sites by using short-read sequencing data. MGEfinder identifies the genomic site of each MGE insertion and infers the identity of the inserted sequence. We apply MGEfinder to 12,374 sequenced isolates of 9 prevalent bacterial pathogens, including Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Staphylococcus aureus, and Escherichia coli, and identify thousands of MGEs, including candidate insertion sequences, conjugative transposons, and prophage elements. The MGE repertoire and insertion rates vary across species, and integration sites of...
Source: Cell Host and Microbe - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Cell Host Microbe Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular BiologyAuthor(s): Ambuj Kumar Kushwaha, Shashi BhushanAbstractProtein synthesis in all the living cells is mediated by a large protein-RNA complex called the ribosome. These macromolecular complexes can range from 2.5 (prokaryotes) to 4.2 MDa(eukaryotes) in size and undergo various conformational transitions during protein synthesis to translate the genetic code into the nascent polypeptide chains. Recent advances in cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) and image processing methods have provided numerous detailed structures of rib...
Source: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Conclusion: It was found that the majority of POEs containing a bioreducible center showed higher inhibitory activities on Mtb growth when compared to the similar compounds without a bio-reducible functional group. PMID: 31799156 [PubMed]
Source: BioImpacts - Category: Research Tags: Bioimpacts Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 29 November 2019Source: Journal of Molecular StructureAuthor(s): B.N. Ravi, Keshavayya J, Mallikarjuna N. M, Vinod Kumar, Shivanand KandgalAbstractAzo molecules (A1-A3) were prepared by reacting 2-aminothiazole with three different pyridone derivatives as coupling components, viz., 6-hydroxy-4-methyl-2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyridine-3-carbonitrile, 6-hydroxy-1,4-dimethyl-2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyridine-3-nitrile and 1-ethyl-6-hydroxy-4-methyl-2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyridine-3-carbonitrile via diazo-coupling reactions, under appropriate experimental conditions. The structural characteristics of the synthesiz...
Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
By SAURABH JHA, MD Slumdog TB No one knows who gave Rahul Roy tuberculosis. Roy’s charmed life as a successful trader involved traveling in his Mercedes C class between his apartment on the plush Nepean Sea Road in South Mumbai and offices in Bombay Stock Exchange. He cared little for Mumbai’s weather. He seldom rolled down his car windows – his ambient atmosphere, optimized for his comfort, rarely changed. Historically TB, or “consumption” as it was known, was a Bohemian malady; the chronic suffering produced a rhapsody which produced fine art. TB was fashionable in Victorian Britain...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Artificial Intelligence Health Tech Saurabh Jha TB tuberculosis Source Type: blogs
More News: Allergy & Immunology | Gastroenteritis | Genetics | Infectious Diseases | Study | Tuberculosis