Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Microorganisms Isolated from Patients with Intraabdominal Infection in Korea: a Multicenter Study.

CONCLUSION: Enterococcus spp. with susceptibility to limited antibiotics was one of the main pathogens in Korean IAIs, along with E. coli and Klebsiella spp., which were highly susceptible to imipenem, amikacin, and piperacillin/tazobactam. Meanwhile, the low susceptibilities of E. coli or Klebsiella spp. to amoxicillin/clavulanate, advanced-generation cephalosporins, and ciprofloxacin should be considered when determining empirical antibiotic therapy in clinical practice. PMID: 31808326 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

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Publication date: 1 March 2020Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics, Volume 243Author(s): Ahmed gamal El-ShamyAbstractIn this literature, magnesium peroxide (MgO2) nanorods with an average Ddiameter = 166 nm have been successfully synthesized via fast and simple microwave assisted hydrothermal reaction for photocatalysis and antibacterial applications, for the first time. The as synthesized MgO2 nanorods are characterized by various techniques like XRD, FTIR, TEM, FE-SEM and BET. The photocatalytic activity of MgO2 nanorods has been studied for methyl orange (MO) degradation, and it is found that MO dye ha...
Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
In this study, composite gels based on konjac and fish gelatin (FG) were prepared by alkali processing and thermal treatment subsequently. The influence of FG contents on the gel fraction, swelling behavior, biodegradation. was researched. Matrine was incorporated into the hydrogel and its effect on the hemocompatibility and antibacterial activity of gels were evaluated. According to the results, all gels presented at least 270% swelling degree and 72.7%∼81.5% equilibrium water content. Pure konjac hydrogel presented 83.9% gel fraction and 96.9% water evaporation rate, while those of the composite gels were 84.8%∼9...
Source: Food Hydrocolloids - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 January 2020Source: Journal of Microbiological MethodsAuthor(s): Rakan H. Yousef, Othman A.S. Baothman, Wesam H. Abdulaal, Mohamed K. Abo-Golayel, Anass Darwish, Said S. Moselhy, Youssri M. Ahmed, Khalid Rehman HakeemAbstractThe major functions of Exopolysaccharide (EPS) are, preventing bacterial cells from desiccating and biofilm production to increase the colonization of bacterial cells. In the current study, a bacterial strain was isolated to produce EPS. Phylogenetic analysis of the isolated strain indicated it was related to Bacillus subtilis. The bacterium showed the ability to p...
Source: Journal of Microbiological Methods - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Although the number of cases is small, the clinical and microbiological outcomes showed that most were successfully treated with non-carbapenem antibiotics, with low recurrence of new episodes of urinary tract infections. PMID: 31962058 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Medica Portuguesa - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Med Port Source Type: research
Introduction: Gram-negative bacteria are the major cause of urinary tract infections (UTI) in children. There is limited data on UTI systemic response as measured using C-reactive protein (CRP). Here, we report the association of CRP and UTI among children attending the Bugando Medical Centre, Mwanza, Tanzania.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted between May and July 2017. Urine and blood were collected and processed within an hour of collection. Data were analyzed using STATA version 13.Results: Of 250 enrolled children, 76(30.4%) had significant bacteriuria with 56(22.4%, 95%CI; 11.5-33.3) having gram-negative ...
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
This study provides a TtSPase with high thermostability for potential industrial applications, and develops an effective strategy for improving soluble TtSPase production in E. coli.
Source: Protein Expression and Purification - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
In this study, a series of Ag-loaded hyperbranched polyethyleneimine/polyethersulfone (HPEI/PES) nanofibrous membranes were prepared via electrospinning. Hyperbranched polyethyleneimine was used as a dispersant and capping agent by the chelation of Ag ions by its internal imine groups and due to its highly branched structure. The nanofibrous membranes were characterised using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) coupled with energy dispersive X-ray (EDX), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), pure water flux and contact angle measurements. The SEM images revealed s...
Source: Reactive and Functional Polymers - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Green Chem., 2020, Accepted Manuscript DOI: 10.1039/C9GC03478A, PaperAtsushi Usami, Masahito Ishikawa, Katsutoshi Hori Gas-phase bioproduction, in which immobilized biocatalysts are employed and chemical reactions are performed in a gas phase, has attracted researchers ’ attention as a green process. However, there is difficulty in... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Source: RSC - Green Chem. latest articles - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
Fungal infections, widespread throughout the world, affect a broad range of life forms, including agriculturally relevant plants, humans, and insects. In defending against fungal infections, the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster employs the Toll pathway to induce a large number of immune peptides. Some have been investigated, such as the antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) and Bomanins (Boms); many, however, remain uncharacterized. Here, we examine the role in innate immunity of two related peptides, Daisho1 and Daisho2 (formerly IM4 and IM14, respectively), found in hemolymph following Toll pathway activation. By generating a C...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
During the upcoming short session, bills to tackle the prescription drugs and dialysis costs and to reduce youth vaping will take center stage.
Source: Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Source Type: news
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