Regulation of Alzheimer's disease-associated proteins during epileptogenesis

Publication date: 1 January 2020Source: Neuroscience, Volume 424Author(s): Eva-Lotta von Rüden, Christina Zellinger, Julia Gedon, Andreas Walker, Vera Bierling, Cornelia A. Deeg, Stefanie M. Hauck, Heidrun PotschkaAbstractClinical evidence and pathological studies suggest a bidirectional link between temporal lobe epilepsy and Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Data analysis from omic studies offers an excellent opportunity to identify the overlap in molecular alterations between the two pathologies.We have subjected proteomic data sets from a rat model of epileptogenesis to a bioinformatics analysis focused on proteins functionally linked with AD. The data sets have been obtained for hippocampus (HC) and parahippocampal cortex samples collected during the course of epileptogenesis.Our study confirmed a relevant dysregulation of proteins linked with Alzheimer pathogenesis.When comparing the two brain areas, a more prominent regulation was evident in parahippocampal cortex samples as compared to the HC. Dysregulated protein groups comprised those affecting mitochondrial function and calcium homeostasis. Differentially expressed mitochondrial proteins included proteins of the mitochondrial complexes I, III, IV, and V as well as of the accessory subunit of complex I.The analysis also revealed a regulation of the microtubule associated protein Tau in parahippocampal cortex tissue during the latency phase. This was further confirmed by immunohistochemistry.Moreover, we demonstra...
Source: Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

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In this study, by adenovirus-mediated delivery and inducible transgenic mouse models, we demonstrate the proliferation of both HCs and SCs by combined Notch1 and Myc activation in in vitro and in vivo inner ear adult mouse models. These proliferating mature SCs and HCs maintain their respective identities. Moreover, when presented with HC induction signals, reprogrammed adult SCs transdifferentiate into HC-like cells both in vitro and in vivo. Finally, our data suggest that regenerated HC-like cells likely possess functional transduction channels and are able to form connections with adult auditory neurons. Epige...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 6 November 2019Source: NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Eva-Lotta von Rüden, Christina Zellinger, Julia Gedon, Andreas Walker, Vera Bierling, Cornelia A. Deeg, Stefanie M. Hauck, Heidrun PotschkaAbstractClinical evidence and pathological studies suggest a bidirectional link between temporal lobe epilepsy and Alzheimer’s disease. Data analysis from omic studies offers an excellent opportunity to identify the overlap in molecular alterations between the two pathologies.We have subjected proteomic data sets from a rat model of epileptogenesis to a bioinformatics analysis focused on proteins...
Source: Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 July 2019Source: MitochondrionAuthor(s): Yuanbo Wu, Meiqiao Chen, Jielong JiangAbstractMitochondrial dysfunction is becoming one of the most emerging pathological process in the etiology of neurological disorders. Other common etiologies of the neurological disorders are aging and oxidative stress. Neurodegenerative disorders for instance Huntington's disease, Parkinson's disease, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Epilepsy, Schizophrenia, Multiple sclerosis, Neuropathic pain and Alzheimer's disease involves mitochondrial dysfunction and is regarded as the core of their pathological process...
Source: Mitochondrion - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The varied pharmacologic mechanisms of NBP involve many complex molecular mechanisms; however, there many unknown pharmacologic effects await further study. PMID: 31205106 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Chinese Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Chin Med J (Engl) Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 June 2019Source: NeuroscienceAuthor(s): K. Gzielo, Z. Soltys, Z. Rajfur, Z.K. SetkowiczAbstractKetogenic diet is reported to protect against cognitive decline, drug-resistant epilepsy, Alzheimer's Disease, damaging effect of ischemic stroke and many neurological diseases. Despite mounting evidence that this dietary treatment works, the exact mechanism of its protective activity is largely unknown. Ketogenic diet acts systemically, not only changing GABA signaling in neurons, but also influencing the reliance on mitochondrial respiration, known to be disrupted in many neurological disea...
Source: Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The varied pharmacological mechanisms of NBP involve many complex molecular mechanisms; however, there many unknown pharmacological effects await further study.This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0. PMID: 31107716 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Chinese Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Chin Med J (Engl) Source Type: research
Albert Sanfeliu1, Karsten Hokamp2, Michael Gill1 and Daniela Tropea1,3*1Neuropsychiatric Genetics, Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Trinity Translational Medicine Institute, St James Hospital, Dublin, Ireland2Department of Genetics, School of Genetics and Microbiology, Smurfit Institute of Genetics, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland3Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Trinity College Institute for Neuroscience, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, IrelandRett syndrome is a rare neuropsychiatric disorder with a wide symptomatology including impaired communication and movement, cardio-respiratory abno...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Gui-Jiang Wei1,2, Ming-Qing Yuan1, Li-He Jiang1, Yu-Lan Lu3, Chun-Hong Liu3, Hong-Cheng Luo3, Hua-Tuo Huang3, Zong-Quan Qi1* and Ye-Sheng Wei1,2* 1Department of Cell Biology, Medical College of Guangxi University, Nanning, China 2Department of Medical Laboratory, Affiliated Hospital of Guilin Medical University, Guilin, China 3Department of Medical Laboratory, Affiliated Hospital of Youjiang Medical University for Nationalities, Baise, China miRNAs are small non-coding RNAs modulating gene expression, and variants in miRNA genes are involved in the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke (IS). However, the effect of mi...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Hongye Zhao1,2, Tiezheng Zheng1, Xiaohan Yang1, Ming Fan3, Lingling Zhu3, Shuhong Liu3, Liying Wu3 and Changkai Sun1,4* 1Department of Physiology and Key Laboratory of Brain Diseases of Liaoning Province, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, China 2Department of Physiology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Qiqihar Medical University, Qiqihar, China 3Department of Brain Protection and Plasticity, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Academy of Military Medical Sciences, Beijing, China 4Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Electronic Information and Electrical Engineerin...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions and Perspectives In this review we have summarized the critical role phagocytosis plays in both CNS homeostasis and disease. While much progress has been made in recent years, many unanswered questions remain. How phagocytosis in the CNS is influenced by numerous factors, such as microenvironment or phagocytic target, have yet to be fully resolved. Additionally, the utilization of novel technologies, including in vivo imaging techniques (217), iPSC-derived microglia (213) and high-throughput screens (66), will likely contribute to further identification of phagocytic pathways and consequences of phagocytosis w...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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