IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4987: The Beneficial Effects of Stingless Bee Honey from Heterotrigona itama against Metabolic Changes in Rats Fed with High-Carbohydrate and High-Fat Diet

This study aimed to determine the efficacy of KH in preventing metabolic changes in rats with MetS induced by high-carbohydrate and high-fat (HCHF) diet. Male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to the control (C), HCHF diet-induced MetS (S), and MetS supplemented with KH (K) groups. The K group was given KH (1 g/kg/day) for eight weeks. Compared to the control, the S group had significant higher omental fat mass, serum triglyceride, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressures, adipocyte area, and adipocyte perimeter (p < 0.05). KH supplementation significantly prevented these MetS-induced changes at week 16 (p < 0.05). Several compounds, including 4-hydroxyphenyl acetic acid, coumaric and caffeic acids, had been detected via liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis that might contribute to the reversal of these changes. The beneficial effects of KH against MetS-induced rats provide the basis for future KH research to investigate its potential use in humans and its molecular mechanisms in alleviating the disease.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): I.P. Shanura Fernando, BoMi Ryu, Ginnae Ahn, In-Kyu Yeo, You-Jin JeonAbstractBackgroundMetabolic syndrome (MS) defines a group of severe comorbidities, including insulin resistance, abnormal fat accumulation, and high blood pressure that lead to obesity, diabetes, and heart diseases. MS has received a growing concern due to its rising prevalence in many countries. The consumption of high-calorie food, sedentary lifestyle habits, genetic factors, and stress conditions aggravate risk factors for developing metabolic syn...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Hyperuricaemia refers to an abnormally high concentration of uric acid in serum [1], typically defined as>7  mg/dL (416 μmol/L) in men and>6  mg/dL in women [1]. Mean serum uric acid has increased progressively over the last century in many populations and the prevalence of hyperuricemia increases with age and is higher in men than premenopausal women [1], as oestrogen increases urate excretion by the kidneys. Hyperuricaemia is usually discussed in the context of gout, but it is increasingly recognised that serum uric acid values>5.0  mg/dL (men) or 4.5 mg/dL (postmenopausal women) are clinically rele...
Source: International Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
Conclusion: PsA is characterized by an increase in cardiovascular morbidity in relation with insulin resistance. Current treatments seem to improve this risk with a decrease in cardiovascular mortality in comparison with patients with plaque psoriasis but this requires confirmation in larger prospective studies.
Source: Joint Bone Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe findings of this study indicate high prevalence of metabolic risk factors among study population. This study with a large sample size would contribute to establishment of efficient interventions and programs aimed at reducing the prevalence of MetS by health staff, supervisors and policymakers.
Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
ConclusionKappa coefficient showed that the Iranian IDF had a good agreement with International IDF and an intermediate agreement with the ATP-III. Considering more emphasis of international and Iranian IDF on waist circumference (WC), a better agreement between these two criteria is plausible. Regarding the high prevalence of abdominal obesity among Iranian population, applying these criteria to identify high risk persons might be helpful.
Source: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 January 2020Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): John O. Orgah, Shuang He, Yule Wang, Miaomiao Jiang, Yuefei Wang, Emmanuel A. Orgah, Yajun Duan, Buchang Zhao, Boli Zhang, Jihong Han, Yan ZhuAbstractMetabolic syndrome, such as diabetes mellitus, obesity, atherosclerosis, and high blood pressure (HBP), are closely linked pathophysiologically. However, current monotherapies for metabolic syndrome fail to target the multifactorial pathology via multiple mechanisms, as well as resolving the dysfunctionality of the cells and organs of the body. We aimed to provide a comprehensive and ...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated the link between AF and senescence markers through the assessment of protein expression in the tissue lysates of human appendages from patients in AF, including paroxysmal (PAF) or permanent AF (PmAF), and in sinus rhythm (SR). The major findings of the study indicated that the progression of AF is strongly related to the human atrial senescence burden as determined by p53 and p16 expression. The stepwise increase of senescence (p53, p16), prothrombotic (TF), and proremodeling (MMP-9) markers observed in the right atrial appendages of patients in SR, PAF, and PmAF points toward multiple inter...
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Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
AbstractObstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome is increasingly common among middle aged and older adults and is frequently linked to most cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Sleep-disordered breathing and CVD share a number of common risk factors and comorbid conditions including obesity, male gender, advancing age, metabolic syndrome, and hypertension. OSA appears to be associated with worsened CVD outcomes, sleep-related symptoms, quality of life, and risk of motor vehicle accidents. Demonstrating a cause-and-effect relationship between CVD and OSA has been challenging due to shared comorbidities. Strong evidence demonstratin...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Abstract The association between whole blood viscosity (WBV) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) is still scarcely investigated in the population-based prospective cohort. We aim to explore the longitudinal effect of WBV on MetS, and to verify whether WBV measures can be used as early predictors for MetS. The longitudinal cohort consisted of 3,508 adults (2,350 males and 1,158 females) who visited the health check-up system twice. WBV were measured at four shear rate (200, 50, 10 and 1 s-1), and their values were classified into quartiles. Multivariate Cox models were used to estimate the adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) an...
Source: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Clin Hemorheol Microcirc Source Type: research
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