Weight-loss surgery between pregnancies tied to better outcomes

(Reuters Health) - Obese women who have weight-loss surgery between pregnancies may be less likely to experience complications like high blood pressure and preterm births in their second pregnancy, a recent study suggests.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

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The objective of this study was to estimate the risk of perinatal complications among MHO women compared to normal weight women.
Source: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Poster Session IV Source Type: research
In the past three decades, the incidence of preeclampsia, characterized by hypertension, proteinuria and end organ damage, has significantly increased in the U.S., in association with an increase in maternal weight. There is a gap in our understanding regarding how obesity influences preeclampsia. Ankiryn-repeat-and-SOCS-box-containing-protein 4 (ASB4) contributes to the differentiation of trophoblast stem cells into the giant trophoblast cells necessary for embryo implantation in mice. ASB4-null females develop preeclampsia-like phenotypes during pregnancy.
Source: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Poster Session V Source Type: research
In this study, the impact of prenatal infection (PNI), using a naturally occurring rodent pathogen, Mycoplasma pulmonis (MP), on adult body weight and cardiovascular function was evaluated. Pregnant Sprague Dawley rats were infected with MP on gestational day 14 and gave birth naturally. Adult PNI offspring of weighed more than controls, but resting mean arterial pressure (MAP) was unchanged. Subcutaneous injection of angiotensin II (Ang II; 10 μg/kg) elicited a rise in MAP that was greater in both male and female PNI offspring compared to controls (P
Source: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol Source Type: research
Right now, one in 12 children and adolescents in the US are severely obese. If that isn’t startling enough, consider this: among 12-to-15-year-olds, that number jumps to one in 10 — and among 16-to-19-year-olds, it is one in seven. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), the best hope for many of these youths may be bariatric surgery. Bariatric surgery is surgery that helps with weight loss by making the stomach smaller and making other changes in the digestive system. It’s jarring to think about doing irreversible surgery on an adolescent — or a child, as the AAP discourages age limi...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Adolescent health Children's Health Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Parenting Source Type: blogs
Conclusion(s)Childhood adiposity was associated with increased risk of pregnancy hypertension, with the association of childhood abdominal obesity independent of adult abdominal obesity. Women who were persistently overweight/obese or abdominally obese since childhood had the highest risk of pregnancy hypertension.
Source: Pregnancy Hypertension: An International Journal of Womens Cardiovascular Health - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
This study evaluates the effect of preeclampsia on body mass index (BMI) of offspring who were exposed to preeclampsia in utero.MethodsData were obtained from studies identified by a literature search in electronic databases. Random-effects metanalyses were conducted to achieve mean difference in BMI, waist circumference, gestation length, and birthweight between preeclampsia exposed (PE) and non-exposed (non-PE) offspring older than 5 years. Metaregression analyses were performed to identify factors affecting offspring BMI.ResultsSixteen studies (11639 PE offspring; age 15.5 years [14.2, 16.8]; 33.3% [32.6, 33.9] male...
Source: Pregnancy Hypertension: An International Journal of Womens Cardiovascular Health - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Worldwide, hypertension (high blood pressure) and complications that stem from it are the second leading cause of maternal mortality. In fact, it causes about one in six maternal deaths. Among pregnant women in the US, rates of both chronic high blood pressure and pregnancy-related high blood pressure are rising. One reason this is worrisome is that high blood pressure is a major factor in preeclampsia, a potentially life-threatening condition that may affect women late in pregnancy and in the early weeks after birth. Now a study in Obstetrics and Gynecology suggests that a team approach to monitoring blood pressure at hom...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Hypertension and Stroke Parenting Pregnancy Women's Health Source Type: blogs
Maternal asthma exacerbation linked to increased risk of pre-eclampsia, low birth weight, preterm birth, heart defect and cleft lip Related items fromOnMedica Tool helps GPs predict risk of epilepsy seizures in pregnancy Parental confidence in immunisation programme ‘very high’ NHS staff, patients and parents urged to get flu vaccine SSRIs raise risk of rare neonatal hypertension Caffeine in pregnancy linked to risk of child overweight
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 1 October 2019Source: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and DieteticsAuthor(s): Claudia Nieto, Lizbeth Tolentino-Mayo, Eric Monterrubio-Flores, Catalina Medina, Sofia Rincón-Gallardo Patiño, Rebeca Aguirre-Hernández, Simón BarqueraAbstractBackgroundNon-communicable diseases, such as obesity, diabetes, and hypertension, can be prevented and treated through a balanced nutrient-rich diet. Nutrition labels have been recognized as crucial to preventing obesity and non-communicable diseases through a healthier diet.ObjectiveOur aim was to examine the association be...
Source: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Conclusion: It was concluded that hypertension risk was positively associated with being overweight, obesity, age and consumption of salted meat.It was inter aliaemphasized that engagement in healthy eating with less consumption of salted meats, and more consumption of fruits would assist in controlling hypertension among Ghanaian women.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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