Long non-coding RNA PRNCR1 has an oncogenic role in breast cancer.

Long non-coding RNA PRNCR1 has an oncogenic role in breast cancer. Exp Ther Med. 2019 Dec;18(6):4547-4554 Authors: Guo Q, Lv S, Wang B, Li Y, Cha N, Zhao R, Bao W, Jia B Abstract Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have important roles in the development and progression of various types of human cancer. However, the expression and function of the lncRNA prostate cancer-associated non-coding RNA 1 (PRNCR1) in breast cancer remains unclear. Reverse transcription-quantitative PCR was performed to measure the levels of mRNA expression. Cell counting kit-8, flow cytometry, wound healing and Transwell assays were also performed to study cell proliferation, cell cycle, migration and invasion, respectively. The results of the present study revealed that PRNCR1 expression levels were higher in breast cancer tissues compared with adjacent normal tissues in a patient study. It was also determined that high expression of PRNCR1 was significantly associated with advanced clinical stage, positive metastasis and poor prognosis for patients with breast cancer. In vitro experiments determined that PRNCR1 was significantly upregulated in the breast cancer cell lines BT-549, MCF-7, SK-BR-3 and MDA-MB-231 compared with the normal human breast cell line, MCF-10A. Silencing of PRNCR1 significantly inhibited the proliferation, colony formation, cell cycle progression, migration and invasion of SK-BR-3 and BT-549 cells, while cell apoptosis was induced. In addition, knockdown of PRNC...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research

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Authors: Chen P, Wang H, Li M, Yang L, Mou F, Singh B, He JY, Zhang W Abstract 6,12-Diphenyl-3,9-diazatetraasterane-1, 5, 7, 11-tetracarboxylate (DDTC) has been synthesized by the photodimerization of 4-phenyl-1,4-dihydropyridine-3,5-dicarboxylate. The potential of theercvantitumor activity and mechanism were investigated in vitro using MTT assay in human lung cancer cell line A549, ovarian cancer cell lines SKOV3 and A2780, breast cancer cell line MCF-7, gastric cancer cell line BGC-823, colon cancer cell line HT29, prostate cancer cell line DU145, and liver cancer cell line SMMC7721. The results show that DDTC ca...
Source: Disease Markers - Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Dis Markers Source Type: research
Voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSCs), which are abnormally expressed in various types of cancers such as breast cancer, prostate cancer, lung cancer, and cervical cancer, are involved in the metastatic process of invasion and migration. Nav1.5 is a pore-forming α subunit of VGSC encoded by SCN5A. Various studies have demonstrated that Nav1.5, often as its neonatal splice form, is highly expressed in metastatic breast cancer cells. Abnormal activation and expression of Nav1.5 trigger a variety of cellular mechanisms, including changing H+ efflux, promoting epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and the expression...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionBased on the vesicular cargo, the molecular constituents, the exosomes have the potential to change the fate of macrophage phenotypes, either M1, classically activated macrophages, or M2, alternatively activated macrophages. In this review, we discuss and describe the ability of tumor-derived exosomes in the mechanism of macrophage activation and polarization.
Source: Inflammation Research - Category: Research Source Type: research
In this study, the function of POTEE in CRC was examined for the first time and its correlation with CRC cell biological behaviors was analyzed. Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), western blotting, and immunohistochemistry revealed that POTEE was remarkably overexpressed in CRC and associated with an aggressive phenotype. We also found that POTEE was localized in the cytoplasm. In addition, downregulation of POTEE expression can notably inhibit the proliferation, migration, and invasion of CRC cell in vitro, and repressed tumor growth and metastasis in vivo. In contrast, overexpression ...
Source: Experimental Cell Research - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Exp Cell Res Source Type: research
RARITAN, N.J., February 3, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson announced today multiple data presentations from a robust solid tumor portfolio that will be featured at the American Society of Clinical Oncology Genitourinary (ASCO GU) Cancers Symposium, taking place February 13-15 in San Francisco. Company-sponsored data presentations will include clinical results for ERLEADA® (apalutamide) and niraparib in prostate cancer; and BALVERSA™ (erdafitinib) in bladder cancer. “We are committed to improving outcomes in patients with prostate and bladder cancer where high unmet ...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
This article summarizes the associations between miR-429 and malignant tumors as well as potential action mechanisms. miR-429 has a potential to be used in the future as a biomarker for the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of certain cancers. PMID: 31884798 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neoplasma - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Neoplasma Source Type: research
In conclusion, our study revealed, for the first time, that aberrant methylation maybe involved in expression control of CD146, a very potent EMT inducer in breast cancer cells. Altogether, the data obtained may provide the basis for novel therapies as well as diagnostic approaches enabling sensitive and very accurate detection of breast cancer cells. PMID: 31826047 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Biochim Pol - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Acta Biochim Pol Source Type: research
We present a unique case of OMS related to a stage IIIC high grade serous ovarian carcinoma in a patient with germline BRCA2 mutation, with ten years of clinical follow up. This case report is presented to document the rare association of OMS with epithelial ovarian cancer. Additionally, in this case, OMS and epithelial cancer were successfully treated with medical therapy alone. This is the first report to our knowledge to document ten years of clinical follow up in this context, and to report that the association may not be evident at the time of ovarian cancer recurrence.
Source: Gynecologic Oncology Reports - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
In this study, we report a novel 3D printed microfluidic device functionalized with anti-EpCAM (epithelial cell adhesion molecule) antibodies to isolate CTCs from human blood samples. A 3D printing technology was utilized with specially designed interior structures to fabricate a microfluidic device with high surface area and fluid flow manipulation, increasing the capture efficiency of tumor cells. These devices with the optimal flow rate (1 mL/h) and channel length (2 cm) were demonstrated to test three kinds of EpCAM positive cancer cell lines (MCF-7 breast cancer, SW480 colon cancer, and PC3 prostate cancer), and o...
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
In this study, we report a novel 3D printed microfluidic device functionalized with anti-EpCAM (epithelial cell adhesion molecule) antibodies to isolate CTCs from human blood samples. A 3D printing technology was utilized with specially designed interior structures to fabricate a microfluidic device with high surface area and fluid flow manipulation, increasing capture efficiency of tumor cells. These devices with the optimal flow rate (1 mL/h) and channel length (2 cm) were demonstrated to test three kinds of EpCAM positive cancer cell lines (MCF-7 breast cancer, SW480 colon cancer, and PC3 prostate cancer), and...
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Biosens Bioelectron Source Type: research
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