Functional network analysis of gene-phenotype connectivity based on pioglitazone.

Functional network analysis of gene-phenotype connectivity based on pioglitazone. Exp Ther Med. 2019 Dec;18(6):4790-4798 Authors: Wang W, Zhang L, Wang X, Lin D, Pan Q, Guo L Abstract Pioglitazone, a type of insulin sensitizer, serves as an effective anti-hyperglycemic drug. The mechanism of action of pioglitazone is through the activation of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR), which results in enhanced insulin sensitivity of peripheral tissues and the liver, causing a reduction in the production and output of liver sugar. It has been reported that pioglitazone increases the risk of bladder cancer, but the underlying mechanisms have remained elusive. It was hypothesized that modulation of pioglitazone activity may be predicted by systematically analyzing data published on drugs. This hypothesis was tested by querying the Drug-Target Interactome (DTome), a web-based tool that provides open-source data from three databases (DrugBank, PharmGSK and Protein Interaction Network analysis). A total of 4 direct target proteins (DTPs) and further DTP-associated genes were identified for pioglitazone. Subsequently, an enrichment analysis was performed for all DTP-associated genes using Cytoscape software. A total of 12 Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathways were identified, including the 'PPAR signaling pathway' as well as 'pathways in cancer' as relevant pathways. Functional network analysis was able to identify direct and indirect targ...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 21 January 2020Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Charalampos Fragkoulis, Georgios Papadopoulos, Konstantinos Ntoumas
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 January 2020Source: Journal of Advanced ResearchAuthor(s): Garima Bansal, Punniyakoti Veeraveedu Thanikachalam, Rahul K Maurya, Pooja Chawla, Srinivasan RamamurthyAbstractDiabetes or diabetes mellitus is a complex or polygenic disorder, which is characterized by increased levels of glucose (hyperglycemia) and deficiency in insulin secretion or resistance to insulin over an elongated period in the liver and peripheral tissues. Thiazolidine-2,4-dione (TZD) is a privileged scaffold and an outstanding heterocyclic moiety in the field of drug discovery, which provides various opportunities ...
Source: Journal of Advanced Research - Category: Research Source Type: research
Conclusions: This is the first time that the extent and plausible effects of allogenic blood transfusions during NAC is examined in MIBC. Data suggest that there may be an association between blood transfusion and poor pathological and oncological outcome. Firm conclusions are difficult to draw due to few study participants and the retrospective nature of the study. PMID: 31960752 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Scand J Urol Source Type: research
Condition:   Bladder Cancer Interventions:   Device: modified resectoscope;   Procedure: TURBT Sponsor:   National Cancer Institute (NCI) Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
The objective of this study was to evaluate which patients might benefit from a single immediate postoperative intravesical instillation (SII) compared to maintenance intravesical instillations (MII) in primary non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) after transurethral en bloc resection of bladder tumors (ERBT). A total of 141 patients with primary NMIBC who underwent ERBT with thulium laser between January 2012 and May 2016 were retrospectively enrolled. All the patients were categorized into two groups based on the duration of postoperative intravesical instillation of pirarubicin (THP): single intravesical instillat...
Source: Lasers in Medical Science - Category: Laser Surgery Source Type: research
Cell Death &Disease, Published online: 22 January 2020; doi:10.1038/s41419-020-2226-5Circular RNA FAM114A2 suppresses progression of bladder cancer via regulating ∆NP63 by sponging miR-762
Source: Cell death and disease - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Neuropilin-2 (NRP2) is a prognostic indicator for reduced survival in bladder cancer (BCa) patients. Together with its major ligand, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C, NRP2 expression is a predictive factor for treatment outcome in response to radiochemotherapy in BCa patients who underwent transurethral resection. Therefore, we investigated the benefit of combining cisplatin-based chemotherapy with irradiation treatment in the BCa cell line RT112 exhibiting or lacking endogenous NRP2 expression in order to evaluate NRP2 as potential therapeutic target. We have identified a high correlation of NRP2 and the glioma...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The circular RNA hsa_circ_0091017 can inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasiveness of BCa cells by regulating the expression of microRNA-589-5p. PMID: 31957821 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
We examined CIT level in human bladder cancer tissues by immunohistochemical staining. To explore the impact of CIT on cell proliferation and apoptosis, we down-regulated its expression in two human bladder cancer cell lines, 5367 and T24. We examined cell growth in 5367 and T24. We also performed in vivo analysis using T24 cells. We further used microarray expression profiling to investigate genes differentially expressed in T24 cells with CIT down-regulated.ResultsIn 100 human samples, CIT was expressed by only 2 of 30 (6.7 %) controls in bladder tissues, whereas by 64 of 70 (91.4 %) cancer patients in tumor tissues (p 
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Source: Cancer Management and Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Cancer Management and Research Source Type: research
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