Knowledge influences attitudes toward vaccination in Romania.

Knowledge influences attitudes toward vaccination in Romania. Exp Ther Med. 2019 Dec;18(6):5088-5094 Authors: Deleanu D, Petricau C, Leru P, Chiorean I, Muntean A, Dumitrascu D, Nedelea I Abstract Despite proven effectiveness and safety of vaccinations, immunization rates are decreasing across Europe, most countries having suboptimal vaccination coverage, leading to an increase in the number of cases of preventable contagious diseases. In recent years, the number of parents who have refused to vaccinate their children in Romania has decreased substantially, while the number of fatal complications due to measles outbreak is one of the highest in Europe. Since healthcare professionals have been identified as the main advocates for immunization, knowledge and attitudes of medical students and nurses is of particular interest. A cross-sectional survey was carried out on 278 participants, divided into three groups: 183 medical students, 54 nurses and 41 non-medical professionals. The questionnaire included questions on demographics of participants, personal experience with vaccines, knowledge and attitude toward vaccination. The data was collected, centralized and analyzed using statistical methods. The survey was given to the medical students at the beginning of the Immunology course and again at the end, to test whether information received influenced their responses. The study revealed that a great majority of participants were themselves vaccinated [N=262 ...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research

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Measles is characterized by fever and skin rash in children, adolescents and adults. It may also result in long-lasting immune suppression11, 26, 34. Measles is caused by Measles Virus (MeV) and the disease can be controlled using effective vaccines and global vaccination programs. However, its re-emergence is a major concern due to thousands of fatalities and therefore the World Health Organization (WHO) has setup a target for elimination of measles by 2023 in South-East Asia region45, 59. Resurgence of measles has been observed globally since 2016 in Europe and Americas5 including a recent outbreak in Philippines6.
Source: Journal of Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
Widespread vaccination has significantly reduced measles-related morbidity and mortality worldwide, yet measles remains a disease of global public health concern due to its highly transmissible nature, propensity to rapidly develop into outbreaks among children in resource-scarce settings, and rising levels of vaccine hesitancy.1,2 Although primarily spread between humans via direct contact (e.g., droplets from coughing or sneezing), the measles virus (MeV) can become aerosolized and persist in an airspace or on surfaces for several hours.
Source: Journal of Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our findings will assist health care professionals and policy makers in preparing targeted information campaigns to address questions and counteract vaccine hesitancy.
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Vaccine Reports Source Type: research
The rise of vaccine-preventable illnesses, such as measles and hepatitis, in the United States and around the globe has been alarming in recent years. For women — especially those hoping to become pregnant, as well as women who are pregnant or have recently had a baby — vaccines can be a worrisome topic. There are many misconceptions about vaccine safety in and around pregnancy that can lead to confusion and unnecessary fear of a lifesaving medical tool. As a practicing ob/gyn, I often discuss vaccines with my patients and help them sort out fears versus facts. Which vaccines should you consider before concepti...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Parenting Pregnancy Vaccines Women's Health Source Type: blogs
From 1 January through 19 December 2019, a total of 124 laboratory confirmed cases of measles, including two deaths, were reported in the Gaza Strip (case fatality ratio=1.6%). Of the confirmed cases, forty-nine cases (40%) were hospitalized, 12 were among health care workers, and seventy-five (60%) were males. Gaza Strip has an estimated population of 1.99 million (Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics-2019). In addition, of the confirmed cases, 57 cases (46%) were un-vaccinated, of which 28 (23%) were among infants between 6 months to one year old, and 29 (23%) among age groups higher than 30 years old. Between 2009 a...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news
From 1 January through 19 December 2019, a total of 124 laboratory confirmed cases of measles, including two deaths, were reported in the Gaza Strip (case fatality ratio=1.6%). Of the confirmed cases, forty-nine cases (40%) were hospitalized, 12 were among health care workers, and seventy-five (60%) were males. Gaza Strip has an estimated population of 1.99 million (Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics-2019). In addition, of the confirmed cases, 57 cases (46%) were un-vaccinated, of which 28 (23%) were among infants between 6 months to one year old, and 29 (23%) among age groups higher than 30 years old. Between 2009 a...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 9 January 2020Source: EpidemicsAuthor(s): Taylor Chin, Caroline O. Buckee, Ayesha S. MahmudAbstractIn the wake of the Rohingya population's mass migration from Myanmar, one of the world's largest refugee settlements was constructed in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh to accommodate nearly 900,000 new refugees. Refugee populations are particularly vulnerable to infectious disease outbreaks due to many population and environmental factors. A large measles outbreak, with over 1,700 cases, occurred among the Rohingya population between September and November 2017. Here, we estimate key epidemiological...
Source: Epidemics - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Purpose of review In September 2019, the United States was at risk of losing measles elimination status due to several large-scale outbreaks resulting in more than 1200 confirmed cases across 31 states. This resurgence caps approximately 10 years of increasing incidence, marked by a highly publicized outbreak in 2015 associated with Disneyland when an infected traveler from the Philippines unknowingly spread the virus to susceptible park visitors and the recently ended large outbreak in undervaccinated Orthodox Jewish communities in New York City and Rockland counties. This review highlights current literature elucidatin...
Source: Current Opinion in Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Tags: INFECTIOUS DISEASES AND IMMUNIZATION: Edited by Grace Lee Source Type: research
About 750 Seattle students won’t be allowed to attend school on Wednesday because they haven’t updated their vaccination records. The policy is a result of a new Washington state law that limited exemptions for the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine, requiring that students be fully vaccinated or be in the process of completing immunizations in order to attend school. The law, which followed a measles outbreak in the state, prohibits families from using personal or philosophical reasons to avoid the MMR vaccine. It still allows for exemptions for medical or religious reasons. Wednesday marks the deadline...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized vaccines washington Source Type: news
[Deutsche Welle] The deadly virus has killed nearly three times as many people in the Democratic Republic of Congo as any Ebola outbreak. It's preventable with a vaccine.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
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