Circulating TNF receptors and risk of renal disease progression, cardiovascular disease events and mortality in patients with diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis

ConclusionsCirculating TNFR-1 and TNFR-2 are independently associated with higher risk of renal disease progression, CVD events, and mortality in patients with diabetes and might contribute to the clinical risk assessment in the future.
Source: Endocrine - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

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Purpose: To separately evaluate the three retinal capillary plexuses and the choriocapillaris in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) Type 1 and Type 2, without clinical signs of diabetic retinopathy. Methods: The study was prospective and cross-sectional. Only patients with age ≤55 years were included. We used a swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography device (Triton; Topcon, Tokyo, Japan) to obtain both quantitative and qualitative analysis of the retinal capillary plexuses (superficial capillary plexus; middle capillary plexus; and deep capillary plexus) and the choriocapillaris. Results: We incl...
Source: RETINA - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research
ConclusionDisease cost analyses in hospitals are required in order to prioritize healthcare services, use resources efficiently and decrease the financial burden of diseases on the society.
Source: Health Policy and Technology - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
We describe evidence for substance use as a risk factor for new-onset diabetes, prevalence of use in people with diabetes, evidence linking substance use with diabetes-related health outcomes, and evidence on the management of these co-occurring conditions.
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Based on an assessment of several glycemic outcomes, moderate-quality evidence shows that flash glucose monitoring improves diabetes management among adults with well-controlled type 1 diabetes and adults with type 2 diabetes requiring intensive insulin therapy. We estimate that publicly funding flash glucose monitoring in Ontario for people with type 1 diabetes and for people with type 2 diabetes requiring intensive insulin therapy who are eligible for coverage under the Ontario Drug Benefit program would result in additional costs of between $14.6 million and $38.6 million annually over the next 5 years. Adu...
Source: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series - Category: General Medicine Tags: Ont Health Technol Assess Ser Source Type: research
Ramachandran Rajalakshmi, Coimbatore Subramaniam Shanthirani, Amutha Anandakumar, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, G V S Murthy, Clare Gilbert, Viswanathan MohanIndian Journal of Ophthalmology 2020 68(13):92-95 The prevalence of youth-onset diabetes, both type 1 diabetes (T1D) and young-onset type 2 diabetes (YT2D) are gradually increasing in India. Early and repetitive screening for diabetic retinopathy (DR) is essential to provide timely management, and thereby prevent visual impairment due to the silent sight-threatening microvascular complication of diabetes. A study was undertaken at a diabetes care center in Chennai, south Indi...
Source: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsH19 played an important role in regulating inflammatory processes in retinal endothelial cells under high-glucose condition through modulating miR-93/XBP1s axis.
Source: Inflammation Research - Category: Research Source Type: research
Over 30 million people in the United States live with diabetes, and approximately 7.7 million people have diabetic retinopathy, making it the most common cause of vision loss in working-aged adults. The prevalence of diabetic retinopathy has increased significantly over the past 20 years, due to the rise in the number of people diagnosed with diabetes. How does diabetes affect the retina? The retina is the light-sensing component located in the back of the eye. It is composed of blood vessels, nerve cells (neurons), and specialized cells called photoreceptors that are involved in directly sensing light. The ability of the ...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Diabetes Eye Health Source Type: blogs
Authors: Stone JY, Bailey TS Abstract Introduction: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is a chronic condition characterized by a complete deficiency in insulin production. Optimal management requires constant knowledge of glucose levels for safe and effective insulin administration. Self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) using capillary blood glucose meters is cumbersome and provides limited information to guide management. Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) technology addresses many of these gaps, but itself has limitations which have prevented people with diabetes and their clinicians from fully embracing this technology. T...
Source: Expert Review of Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
In conclusion, all patients with DM should be undergo recommended age- and sex appropriate cancer screenings to promote primary prevention and early detection. Furthermore, cancer should be screened in routine diabetes assessment. PMID: 31902143 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes Metab J Source Type: research
Although the improved control of hyperglycaemia and other cardiovascular risk factors was associated with a parallel decline of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) and death in both type 1 (T1) and type 2 (T2) diabetes mellitus (DM), the burden of death and hospitalization for ASCVD remains significantly higher by about 2-fold versus the matched non-DM population. Life style interventions, such as physical activity and healthy diet, and drugs, such as statins and low-dose aspirin, may have beneficial effects by targeting one or multiple pathways responsible for accelerated atherosclerosis and its thrombotic complications.
Source: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: research
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