Genomic-based root plasticity to enhance abiotic stress adaptation and edible yield in grain crops

Publication date: Available online 5 December 2019Source: Plant ScienceAuthor(s): Sangam L. Dwivedi, Frederick L. Stoddard, Rodomiro OrtizAbstractPhenotypic plasticity refers to changes expressed by a genotype across different environments and is one of the major means by which plants cope with environmental variability. Multi-fold differences in phenotypic plasticity have been noted across crops, with wild ancestors and landraces being more plastic than crops when under stress. Plasticity in response to abiotic stress adaptation, plant architecture, physio-reproductive and quality traits are multi-genic (QTL). Plasticity QTL (pQTL) were either collocated with main effect QTL and QEI (QTL × environment interaction) or located independently from the main effect QTL. For example, variations in root plasticity have been successfully introgressed to enhance abiotic stress adaptation in rice. The independence of genetic control of a trait and of its plasticity suggests that breeders may select for high or low plasticity in combination with high or low performance of economically important traits. Trait plasticity in stressful environments may be harnessed through breeding stress-tolerant crops. There exists a genetic cost associated with plasticity, so a better understanding of the trade-offs between plasticity and productivity is warranted prior to undertaking breeding for plasticity traits together with productivity in stress environments.Graphical abstract
Source: Plant Science - Category: Biology Source Type: research

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Source: European Journal of Physiotherapy - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsIt was concluded that physiotherapists had sufficient knowledge about epilepsy and were using current skills/physical activity in the rehabilitation of children with epileptic seizures.
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Spinal Cord, Published online: 22 January 2020; doi:10.1038/s41393-020-0422-xCo-development of a physiotherapist-delivered physical activity intervention for adults with spinal cord injury
Source: Spinal Cord - Category: Research Authors: Source Type: research
Students studying to become paramedics, radiographers and physiotherapists will be among those receiving the new financial support from September 2020
Source: Disabled World - Category: Disability Tags: United Kingdom Source Type: news
Condition:   Osteoarthritis, Knee Interventions:   Device: High Intensity Physio Light Therapy (HIPL Therapy™);   Behavioral: Education;   Behavioral: Aerobic Exercise;   Behavioral: Resistance Exercise;   Device: Placebo Physio Light Therapy (HIPL Therapy™) Sponsors:   Queen's University;   Invitalize Completed
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar as propriedades de medida (consist ência interna, confiabilidade intra e interavaliadores, validade do construto, e efeitos teto e piso) da Escala de Estado Funcional para UTI (FSS-ICU - Functional Status Score for the ICU) e da Medida de Independência Funcional (MIF)-domínio motor). Métodos: Neste estudo de propriedades de medi da, a FSS-ICU e a MIF foram aplicadas em 100 pacientes (72,1 ± 15,9 anos; 53% masculino; Sequential Organ Failure Assessment = 11,0 ± 3,5 pontos; Simplified Acute Physiology Score 3 = 50,2 ± 16,8 pontos) na unidade de terapia ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research
Students studying to become paramedics, radiographers and physiotherapists will be among those receiving financial support from September.
Source: NHS Networks - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
Condition:   Injuries Intervention:   Sponsor:   Vastra Gotaland Region Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
ConclusionsThe preliminary findings showed that the influence of VR training on the balance ability in patients with incomplete SCI is promising. Applying 12 to 20 sessions of 30 to 60 min of VR training may show meaningful effects. Further randomized controlled trials strongly needed.
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 January 2020Source: Biological ControlAuthor(s): Udai B. Singh, Shailendra Singh, Deepti Malviya, Rajan Chaurasia, Pramod K. Sahu, Sushil K. Sharma, A.K. SaxenaAbstractThe present study was undertaken with the objectives to study Drechslerella dactyloides NDAd-05 and Dactylaria brochopaga NDDb-15 mediated induction of structural defense responses leading to lower disease development and promoting growth in tomato pre-challenged with Meloidogyne incognita. The potential strains D. dactyloides NDAd-05 and D. brochopaga NDDb-15 were taken from Plant-Microbe Interaction and Rhizosphere Bio...
Source: Biological Control - Category: Biology Source Type: research
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