The Disease Ecology, Epidemiology, Clinical Manifestations, and Management of Emerging Cryptococcus gattii Complex Infections

Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Wilderness &Environmental MedicineAuthor(s): James H. DiazCryptococcus neoformans, a soil-dwelling fungus found worldwide, can cause cryptococcosis, an opportunistic fungal infection of the lungs and central nervous system. One former member of the C neoformans complex, Cryptococcus gattii, has caused meningitis in immunosuppressed and immunocompetent persons in endemic regions in Africa and Asia. Between 1999 and 2004, C gattii caused outbreaks of human cryptococcosis in unexpected, nonendemic, nontropical regions on Vancouver Island, Canada, and throughout the US Pacific Northwest and California. C gattii was recognized as an emerging species with several genotypes and a unique environmental relationship with trees that are often encountered in the wilderness and in landscaped parks. Because C gattii infections have a high case-fatality rate, wilderness medicine clinicians should be aware of this emerging pathogen, its disease ecology and risk factors, its expanding geographic distribution in North America, and its ability to cause fatal disease in both immunosuppressed and immunocompetent persons.
Source: Wilderness and Environmental Medicine - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Related Links:

Authors: Ambrosino I, Barbagelata E, Ortona E, Ruggieri A, Massiah G, Giannico OV, Politi C, Moretti AM Abstract In December 2019 a novel coronavirus emerged in Wuhan, China causing many cases of severe pneumonia. World Health Organization (WHO) named this disease Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). The infection has rapidly spread across China to many other countries, and on March 12, 2020 the WHO declared pandemic outbreak of COVID-19. As of May 16, 2020, COVID-19 has been diagnosed in more than 4,490,000 patients, associated to 305,976 deaths worldwide; in Italy 224,760 COVID-19 cases have been reported with 31...
Source: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Monaldi Arch Chest Dis Source Type: research
Thirty-six scientific organizations, including AIBS, have expressed concerns about the April 22, 2020, Executive Proclamation Suspending Entry of Immigrants Who Present Risk to the U.S. Labor Market During the Economic Recovery Following the COVID-19 Outbreak. In a letter to President Trump, the groups wrote: “Our safety and return to daily activities following the COVID-19 outbreak will largely be delivered by America’s STEM enterprise. This enterprise will also play a vital role in U.S. economic recovery. Limiting immigration to the United States reduces our ability to attract the best available minds to thi...
Source: Public Policy Reports - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: news
Longest official mourning period in Spain ’s democracy; unrest grows in UK PM’s party over Dominic Cummings lockdown breach; WHO says Americas are new Covid-19 epicentre. Follow the latest updatesGlobal report: Germany to relax travel curbs as Spain mourns Covid-19 victimsTory unrest increases pressure on PM to sack Dominic CummingsAustralia coronavirus – liveCoronavirus latest: at a glance5.21amBSTIndonesia said Tuesday it is deploying 340,000 troops to clamp down on rampant social-distancing violations as coronavirus infections surge in the world ’s fourth most populous country, AFP reports.The mi...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Coronavirus outbreak World news Australia news UK news US news Infectious diseases Science Africa Middle East and North Africa Americas Asia Pacific Russia China Brazil Microbiology Medical research Europe Spain Source Type: news
Pan American Health Organization warns of ‘very tough’ weeks ahead; US approaches 100,000 deaths; New Zealand has fifth day with no casesCoronavirus – latest updatesSee all our coronavirus coverageThe Americas have emerged as the new centre of the coronavirus pandemic, the World Health Organization (WHO) has said, as a US study forecast deaths surging inBrazil and other Latin American countries through August.“Now is not the time for countries to ease restrictions,” Carissa Etienne, WHO director for the Americas and head of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), said via videoconference.Continue reading...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Coronavirus outbreak World news Brazil Chile Americas Infectious diseases Science Source Type: news
I recently gained admission to a USMD school. Can anyone talk to me about the process of matching back to CARMS and or doing residency there and coming back after?
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Canada Source Type: forums
CONCLUSION: Lung function abnormalities, psychological impairment and reduced exercise capacity were common in SARS and MERS survivors. Clinicians should anticipate and investigate similar long-term outcomes in COVID-19 survivors. PMID: 32449782 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that Fc molecule facilitate immune responses and PEDV harbouring Fc molecule could be a possible vaccine candidate. However, a challenge experiment would be needed to investigate the protective efficacy of PEDV harbouring Fc. PMID: 32448096 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research
The Chinese city where the outbreak began is seeking to test all its 11 million residents, and the pandemic has forced the fashion industry to take a hard look in the mirror.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Source Type: news
The United States is nearing a coronavirus death toll of 100,000
Source: ABC News: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news
WHO warns of second peak as global cases pass 5.5m; Irish taoiseach Leo Varadkar denies picnic with friends was rule breach; world health leaders urge green recovery. This blog is closedFollow the latest global coronavirus live blog herePutin says Russia past peak12.57amBSTWe ’ve fired up a brand new global coronavirus blog at the link below – join me there for the latest:Related:Coronavirus live news: Spain begins 10 days of mourning as global deaths near 350,00012.42amBSTIn England, regional flare-ups of coronavirus cases after rules are eased will be tackled with “local lockdowns”, the health sec...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Coronavirus outbreak World news Science Infectious diseases UK news Australia news US news Middle East and North Africa Brazil Microbiology Medical research Asia Pacific Americas Source Type: news
More News: African Health | Canada Health | Cryptococcosis | Endemics | Environmental Health | Epidemiology | Fungal Infections | Men | Meningitis | Outbreaks