Elective and nonelective cesarean section and obesity among young adult male offspring: A Swedish population –based cohort study

ConclusionsWe found no evidence of an association between elective or nonelective CS and young adulthood obesity in young male conscripts when accounting for maternal and prenatal factors. This suggests that there is no clinically relevant association between CS and the development of obesity. Further large-scale studies are warranted to examine the association between differentiated forms of CS and obesity in young adult offspring. Trial registrationRegistered as observational study at ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03918044.
Source: PLoS Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research

Related Links:

This study explored the appropriate classification of pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) in women of childbearing age in Beijing, China. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Women with singleton pregnancies at more than 28 gestational weeks were retrospectively reviewed. Based on the pre-pregnancy BMI (kg/m2), these patients were divided into 7 groups: =18.5-22.9,>=23-23.9,>=24-24.9,>=25-27.9,>=28-29.9, and>=30. Pregnancy adverse outcomes, including gestational hypertension with or without preeclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus, initial cesarean section, postpartum hemorrhage, macrosomia, large-for-gestation...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate the impact of selected pregnancy pathologies statistically depending on overweight/obesity and excessive maternal weight gain during pregnancy on women who gave birth in the years 2013–2015 at the Second Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics at the University Hospital in Bratislava, Slovakia. In a retrospective study, we analyzed data gathered from the sample, which consisted of 7122 women. Our results suggest a statistically significant, higher risk for the groups of women with overweight and obesity and gestational hypertension (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 15.3; 95% CI 9.0&min...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Bianca Cox1†, Maria Tsamou1†, Karen Vrijens1, Kristof Y. Neven1, Ellen Winckelmans1, Theo M. de Kok2, Michelle Plusquin1 and Tim S. Nawrot1,3* 1Center for Environmental Sciences, Hasselt University, Hasselt, Belgium 2Department of Toxicogenomics, Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands 3Department of Public Health, Environment and Health Unit, Leuven University (KU Leuven), Leuven, Belgium Maternal body mass index (BMI) before pregnancy is known to affect both fetal growth and later-life health of the newborn, yet the implicated molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. As the master reg...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
ConclusionsBariatric surgery is a successful treatment of maternal obesity, but certain surgery-specific risks may exist. More data are needed to determine clinical guidelines. The long-term effects of surgery on pregnancy outcomes are unknown.
Source: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Katherine Samaras1,2,3*, Henrik Tevaerai4, Michel Goldman5, Johannes le Coutre6,7 and Jeff M. P. Holly8 1Department of Endocrinology, St Vincent's Hospital, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia 2Diabetes and Metabolism, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia 3St Vincent's Hospital, St Vincent's Clinical School, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia 4Bern University Hospital, Bern, Switzerland 5Institute for Interdisciplinary Innovation in Healthcare, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles, Belgium 6Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom 7Nes...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
The objective of the study was to explore trial of labor and its failure in pregnancies with medical risk conditions, in a population with a high trial of labor rate.Material and methodsIn a cohort study (n=57  109), using data from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway 1989‐2014, women with a second delivery after a first pregnancy cesarean section were included. Preterm, multiple, and non‐cephalic deliveries were excluded. The outcomes were trial of labor and failed trial of labor, assessed as rates and relative risk, using deliveries without risk conditions as reference. Temporal trends were assessed by three‐...
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
Discussion Infant size at birth is determined mainly by genetics, but also pregnancy and environmental factors. Large for gestational age (LGA) is defined as a mean weight> 2 standard deviations above the weight for gestational age or above the 90th percentile on growth charts (or ~4000 g on WHO growth charts). Macrosomia is a term used for a term infant who is> 4000g. Risk factors for LGA infants includes: Male infant Maternal Genetic disposition Hispanic ethnicity Diabetic Multiparity or grand parity Obesity History of previous LGA infant Prenatal ultrasound is very helpful for antenatal management. First tri...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Background: Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is the single most common congenital bleeding disorder, affecting 1% of the population and characterized by deficient and/or defective von Willebrand factor (VWF). Among women with VWD, reproductive tract bleeding is common, with up to 80% developing postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), defined as 24-hr blood loss ≥500 cc after vaginal delivery, or ≥1,000 cc after cesarean delivery. Despite current guidelines suggesting 50 IU/kg plasma-derived VWF (pdVWF) at delivery if VWF:RCo is less than 0.50 IU/ml at the 8thmonth of gestation, PPH occurs even when that level has normalized, and, m...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 322. Disorders of Coagulation or Fibrinolysis: Poster II Source Type: research
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy is a risk factor for venous thromboembolism (VTE) and VTE affects 1 in 500 to 1 in 2000 pregnancies. Up to 30-50% of women with pregnancy-associated VTE may have an inherited thrombophilia but this does not completely explain the thrombosis risk. Clinical risk factors for VTE including multiple births, inflammatory bowel disease, sickle cell disease, diabetes, increased maternal age, stillbirth, and smoking have been identified in relatively small cohorts. We conducted this large case-control study to identify patient and pregnancy-associated risk factors for VTE during pregnancy or within 6 weeks p...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 331. Pathophysiology of Thrombosis: Poster III Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 2 November 2018Source: Annals of Medicine and SurgeryAuthor(s): Efrain Riveros-Perez, Jacob McClendon, Jennifer Xiong, Thomas Cheriyan, Alexander RocutsAbstractAimTo evaluate maternal, neonatal and anesthetic outcomes according to BMI in women undergoing cesarean section.BackgroundIncreased incidence rates of obesity and morbid obesity have been reported in the United States. Pregnant obese patients are at increased risk of maternal and fetal complications, and obstetric and anesthetic management of these patients is especially challenging.MethodsA retrospective chart review of patients w...
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
More News: Cesarean Section | Diabetes | Eating Disorders & Weight Management | Education | Endocrinology | Hypertension | Internal Medicine | International Medicine & Public Health | Obesity | Smokers | Study | Sweden Health | Universities & Medical Training | WHO