Does collaboration with an intimate partner support memory performance? An exploratory case series of people with epilepsy or acquired brain injury - Baird A, Harris CB, Harris SA, Sutton J, Miller LA, Barnier AJ.

BACKGROUND: Intimate couples can become cognitively interdependent over time. If one member of the couple has a neurological condition with associated cognitive impairments, their partner can support or 'scaffold' their cognitive functioning through collab...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

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INTRODUCTION: There is scant evidence to quantify the risk of contact sports such as football to patients with epilepsy. This retrospective review was performed to evaluate the incidence of injuries or seizure exacerbation related to football participation...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
In this study, we have made a historical review of epilepsy through the centuries, from pre-Christian era to the present time. The epileptic was examined by Hippocrates, the first to recognize epilepsy as a disease and not as a supernatural manifestation called Morbus Sacer. The dark years of the Middle Ages were the worst for the disease, where the sufferer was even subjected to torture. The period of the Renaissance saw the epileptic isolated from society while the Enlightenment century improved the knowledge about the disease, thanks also to the first autopsies that showed post traumatic neurological lesions. However, s...
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Wrapping up this year and looking back on the particularly interesting developments in medical technology, we at Medgadget are impressed and very excited about the future. We’re lucky to cover one of the most innovative fields of research and o...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Exclusive Source Type: blogs
Traumatic brain injury is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, with the incidence of post-traumatic epilepsy increasing with the severity of the head injury. Post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE) is defined as a recurrent seizure disorder second...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news
Anxiety has a bidirectional association with epilepsy [1] and is more frequent among people with epilepsy (PWE) than in people without epilepsy [2 –6]. Because anxiety has significant impacts on quality of life (QOL) and treatment outcomes in PWE, the identification of anxiety is crucial for the management of this disorder. Anxiety disorders (ADs) in PWE include a variety of subtypes such as generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), agoraphobia (A P), social phobia (SP), panic disorder (PD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and post-traumatic stress disorder [PTSD; 7, 8].
Source: Seizure: European Journal of Epilepsy - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to determine the 30-day injury readmission risk among persons with epilepsy vs. without epilepsy using a nationally representative US database. Secondary objectives were to examine the factors associated with inju...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Publication date: January 2020Source: Epilepsy &Behavior, Volume 102Author(s): W. Curt LaFrance, Peter Vo, Grayson Baird, Rotunda East, Nathan R. SteinAbstractObjectiveOver 40% of combat Veterans report exposure to at least one type of morally injurious experience (MIE). While moral injury (MI) is described among Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), MI has not been studied in Veterans with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES). We sought to identify MI in a clinical sample of Veterans with PNES and describe differences between those with MI and those without.MethodsWe conducted a retrospective cross-s...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Over 40% of combat Veterans report exposure to at least one type of morally injurious experience (MIE). While moral injury (MI) is described among Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), MI has not been studied in Veterans with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES). We sought to identify MI in a clinical sample of Veterans with PNES and describe differences between those with MI and those without. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study of 82 male and female Veterans with video-electroencephalography (EEG)-confirmed PNES consecutively seen in a Veterans A...
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: Epilepsy &Behavior, Volume 102Author(s): Rachael Rosales, Barbara Dworetzky, Gaston BasletAbstractBackgroundPrevious literature suggests that cognitive-emotion processing contributes to the pathogenesis of psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES). Characterization of alterations in cognitive-emotion processing in PNES could inform treatment.MethodsIn this descriptive, cross-sectional study, 143 patients with video electroencephalogram (EEG) confirmed PNES were prospectively recruited. Patients completed self-report questionnaires on emotion perception (Trait Meta-Mood Scale (TMMS) ...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Traumatic brain injury, a common cause of acquired epilepsy, is typical to find necrotic cell death within the injury core. The dynamic changes in astrocytes surrounding the injury core contribute to epileptic seizures associated with intense neuronal firing. However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms that activate astrocytes during traumatic brain injury or the effect of functional changes of astrocytes on seizures. In this comprehensive review, we present our cumulated understanding of the complex neurological affection in astrocytes after traumatic brain injury. We approached the problem through describing ...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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