The long-term oncological outcomes of the 140 robotic sphincter-saving total mesorectal excision for rectal cancer: a single surgeon experience

AbstractRobotic surgery became more popularly in the colorectal surgical field. The aim of the study was to evaluate of the oncological outcomes which patients who underwent the robotic total mesorectal excision for rectal cancer. A series of 140 consecutive patients who underwent robotic rectal surgery between January 2012 and June 2019 was analyzed retrospectively in terms of demographics, pathological data, and surgical and oncological outcomes. There were 104 (74.28%) male and 36 (25.71%) female patients. The tumor was located in the lower rectum in 84 (60%) cases, in the mid rectum in 38 (27.14%) cases, and in the upper rectum in 18 (12.85%) cases. Ninety-eight (70%) of the patients has received neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. All the patients underwent robotic sphincter-preserving surgery, 101 (72.14%) patients low-anterior resection, and 39 (27.85%) patients underwent intersphincteric resection with colo-anal anastomosis. There were no conversions. The circumferential resection margin was positive in five (3.57%) patients. The median distal resection margin of the operative specimen was 3.2 (0.2 –7) cm. The median number of retrieved lymph nodes was 22 (16–42). TME quality in the in our study was rated as complete in 88.57% (n124) of patients, nearly complete in 7.14% (n10) of patients; and 4.28% (n6) of incomplete. The median hospital stay was 3.5 (3 –12) days. In-hospital and 1-month mortality was zero. The median length of follow-up was 40 (2–...
Source: Journal of Robotic Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research

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Abstract During the last two decades a neoadjuvant treatment concept has been established for an increasing number of malignant tumors of the gastrointestinal tract; however, these concepts are still subject to a constant change concerning the indications and type of treatment. A prime example for this is rectal cancer. The rate of local recurrence in particular was significantly reduced by neoadjuvant therapy but until now it has not been possible to validly show an improvement in overall or disease-free survival. At the beginning of the millennium it was recommended to treat every rectal carcinoma...
Source: Der Chirurg - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Chirurg Source Type: research
Conclusion: This case report helps in understanding the course of progression from rectal cancer to periorbital metastasis.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundControversial data exists in the current literature in regard to the use of neoadjuvant chemoradiation (nCRT) in patients with clinical T3N0 (cT3N0) rectal cancers, specifically based on location and relation to peritoneal reflection. We aimed to analyze the impact of nCRT on oncologic outcomes among cT3N0 rectal cancers, depending on the tumor height from anal verge (AV).MethodsA retrospective analysis of patients with cT3N0 rectal cancers was included from a query of a prospectively maintained rectal cancer database from 1980 to 2016. Patients were divided into 3 groups based on the tumor height: low (1...
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: At 17% of its planned accrual, E5204 did not meet its primary endpoint. The addition of bevacizumab to FOLFOX6 in the adjuvant setting did not significantly improve OS in patients with stage II/III rectal cancer. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: At 17% of its planned accrual, E5204 was terminated early owing to poor accrual. At a median follow-up of 72 months, there was no significant difference in 5-year overall survival (88.3% vs. 83.7%) or in 5-year disease-free survival (71.2% vs. 76.5%) between the two arms. Despite significant advances in the treatment of rectal cancer, especially in improving local contro...
Source: The Oncologist - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Oncologist Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeRectal cancer resections can be associated with long and complicated postoperative recoveries. Many patients undergoing these operations are discharged to rehabilitation or skilled nursing facilities. The purpose of this study was to identify preoperative and intraoperative factors associated with increased risk for non-home discharge after rectal cancer resection.MethodsRectal cancer resections were identified in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Targeted Proctectomy Dataset (years 2016 through 2017) by ICD code. Patients with unknown discharge destination or who experienced in-hospital mort...
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Abstract Chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is a valuable treatment option for localized esophageal cancer. Conventional baseline chemotherapy for this type of cancer includes cisplatin and fluorouracil. Recently, CRT with leucovorin-fluorouracil-oxaliplatin (FOLFOX) has become popular due to its convenience and lower toxicity. In Japan, the use of oxaliplatin for esophageal cancer is not yet approved, so experience with this treatment is limited to cases with colorectal cancer. As such patients are not usually included in clinical trials, little is known on the efficacy and safety of this treatment for this patient subpopul...
Source: Clinical Colorectal Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Mol Clin Oncol Source Type: research
ConclusionAnalysis of the local CD8 and IDO1 expression influences prognosis in nodal-positive LARC patients after multimodal therapy and may be a helpful tool in specifying individual adjuvant treatment strategies according to different immune profiles.
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
ConclusionBecause of its association with improved prognosis, AC should be considered for stage IV CRC patients after curative resection regardless of initial resectability status and preoperative therapy.
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Conclusions. Patients' characteristics cannot be changed, but several steps were used to avoid routine PI creation. The present protocol could be a valuable option to avoid PI in selected patients. Further studies with a wider sample size, and defined criteria to stratify the patients based on the risk to develop AL, are required. PMID: 31789117 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Surgical Innovation - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Surg Innov Source Type: research
ConclusionThe random forest classifier based on radiomics features derived from pre-treatment ADC images have the potential to predict tumor resistance to NCRT in patients with LARC, and the use of predicting model may facilitate individualized management of rectal cancer.
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
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