Incidence Rates of Surgically Managed Cystic Echinococcosis in Kazakhstan, 2007-2016.

This study presents data from the Kazakhstan Scientific and Practical Center for Sanitary and Epidemiological Evaluation and Monitoring on CE patients treated surgically, with a diagnosis confirmed by pathology. Evaluation of data from 2007 to 2016 indicated that the CE incidence rate decreased during this time period in most areas of Kazakhstan (country-level incidence rate of 5.6 versus 4.7 cases/100,000 population in 2007 and 2016, respectively). Cystic echinococcosis had a higher incidence in southern Kazakhstan, with an incidence rate between 7.0 and 10.5 cases per 100,000 population, whereas northern regions had rates less than 4.0 cases per 100,000 population. Moreover, despite the overall decrease, CE incidence continues to increase in the south. Cystic echinococcosis surveillance is needed, particularly in the south, to help inform policymakers and orient disease control efforts. PMID: 31802731 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Am J Trop Med Hyg - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research

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Conclusion: In the identification of microorganisms and biochemical analysis of biological tissues; different diagnostic methods such as molecular, serological and conventional methods are used. In addition to these methods, Raman spectroscopy has been shown in studies to be a fast, non-destructive and noninvasive method. Therefore, it is thought to be an alternative method for analyzing the basic biochemical components of microorganisms at molecular level. PMID: 31865652 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Authors: Tags: Turkiye Parazitol Derg Source Type: research
Authors: Panteleev V, Nartaylakov M, Mustafin A, Abdeyev R, Salimgareyev I, Samorodov A, Musharapov D Abstract Parasitic liver zoonoses are endemic to some regions of Russia as well as to Mediterranean countries, Australia, New Zealand, South America, and the Indian subcontinent. However, the available data on the surgical treatment of patients with parasitic liver diseases are often contradictory, and such treatments remain a difficult task today. The effectiveness of surgical treatment was analyzed in 628 patients with echinococcosis and 58 patients with liver alveococcosis managed at the Republican Clinical Hosp...
Source: Infezioni in Medicina - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infez Med Source Type: research
AbstractEchinococcosis/hydatidosis is one of the most important parasitic zoonotic diseases in the world. Cystic echinococcosis increases public health and socio-economic concern due to considerable morbidity rates that give rise to elevated economic losses both in the public health part and in the farm animal field. The enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is consider the more accurate tool for diagnosis of hydatidosis in camels. In the present study, affinity purifiedEchinococcus granulosus (E. granulosus) antigens (APA) were purified from crude hydatideE. granulosus germinal layer proteins for detection ofE. granul...
Source: Journal of Parasitic Diseases - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
ConclusionHydatid cyst is one of the differential diagnoses of any cystic lesion in patients from an endemic areas of hydatid disease. Hydatid cysts of the female pelvic organs may be diagnosed initially as ovarian cyst, ovarian tumor, or pelvic infection. Most of the cases are diagnosed during surgery which is the main treatment modality; anthelminthic medications may help to decrease the recurrence rate.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract Echinococcosis is a serious zoonotic parasitic disease that could be fatal without diagnosis and treatment in a timely manner. Herein, we present a rapid and label-free method for screening of echinococcosis using surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). Three groups of serum SERS spectra based on porous silicon/silver composites are obtained: one group from healthy volunteers (normal, n = 163) and two other groups from patients with pathologically confirmed echinococcosis (cystic echinococcosis (CE), n = 69 and alveolar echinococcosis (AE), n = 38). The derived characteristic spectrum was analyzed to ...
Source: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Anal Bioanal Chem Source Type: research
Authors: Wang W, Zhou X, Cui F, Shi C, Wang Y, Men Y, Zhao W, Zhao J Abstract Cystic echinococcosis (CE), a zoonotic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus at the larval stage, predominantly develops in the liver and lungs of intermediate hosts and eventually results in organ malfunction or even death. The interaction between E. granulosus and human body is incompletely understood. Exosomes are nanosized particles ubiquitously present in human body fluids. Exosomes carry biomolecules that facilitate communication between cells. To the best of our knowledge, the role of exosomes in patients with CE is not reporte...
Source: Korean Journal of Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Tags: Korean J Parasitol Source Type: research
Abstract Cystic echinococcosis is a chronic and complex zoonotic disease. The mechanisms underlying the parasite's establishment, growth and persistence are not completely understood, and are thought be modulated by a crosstalk through extracellular vesicles (EVs). Here, EVs were isolated from the hydatid cyst fluid (HCF) of patients with cystic echinococcosis and protoscolex culture supernatant (PCS). Proteomic analysis of these EVs revealed several parasite- and human-derived proteins. Very few studies have performed proteomic analysis of EVs isolated from HCF and PCS. Our proteomic analysis of the EVs derived f...
Source: International Journal for Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Authors: Tags: Int J Parasitol Source Type: research
AbstractCystic echinococcosis is a potential zoonotic helminthic disease affect a broad spectrum of mammals including humans worldwide. The economic impact of the disease interestingly requires updated gathering information on the prevalence in slaughtered animals. Accordingly, in the current study, 573 camels, 4300 sheep, and 1235 pigs were surveyed in four Egyptian municipal abattoirs. Among those, 62 (10.82%) camels, 33 (0.77%) sheep and 3 (0.24%) pigs had cystic echinococcosis in lungs, livers and spleen. The diversity of cysts revealed that positive-cystic echinococcosis animals from all species were detected in El-Ba...
Source: Journal of Parasitic Diseases - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
The larval stage of the tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus is the causative agent of hydatid disease in humans. This zoonotic parasitic infection remains a major health problem in certain areas of the world where i...
Source: Parasites and Vectors - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Conclusion: The serological methods used in the study were found to be important in the early diagnosis of alveolar echinococcosis in the endemic areas, since it could be used in sero-epidemiological studies. PMID: 31591872 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Authors: Tags: Turkiye Parazitol Derg Source Type: research
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