Knowledge and use of antibiotics in six ethnic groups: the HELIUS study

ConclusionsLevels of antibiotic knowledge varied between ethnic groups, but a lower level of antibiotic knowledge did not correspond with a higher number of antibiotic prescriptions.
Source: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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Among critically ill patients in the intensive care unit (ICU), complications are frequent, including stress ulcers in the upper gastrointestinal tract. To help prevent the development of ulcers, antagonism of gastric acid (with antacids historically) or inhibition of the production of acid (with histamine-2 receptor blockers more recently) were implemented as part of routine critical care. The introduction of proton pump inhibitors, with data demonstrating improved ulcer prevention and recovery compared with histamine-2 receptor blockers in non –critically ill patients, led many physicians who provide care for criti...
Source: JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
In conclusion, implementation of the CMD prevention program resulted in the detection of two- to threefold more patients with CMD. A significant drop in systolic blood pressure and cholesterol levels was found after one year of treatment. Modelling of these results should confirm the effect on long term endpoints.Trial registration: Dutch trial Register number NTR4277.
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT02108964); enrolment to phase 1 is complete and the study is ongoing.FindingsBy Aug 31, 2017, 180 patients (116 [64%] women; median age 60 years (52–69); 116 [64%] with ECOG performance status 1) received nazartinib across seven dose levels: 75 mg (n=17), 100 mg (n=38), 150 mg (n=73), 200 mg (n=8), 225 mg (n=28), 300 mg (n=5), and 350 mg (n=11). Seven dose-limiting toxicities were observed in six (3%) patients who received 150 mg, 225 mg, or 350 mg nazartinib once daily. Although the maximum tolerated dose was not met, the recommended phase 2 dose was declared as 1...
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsSupplementation of mouse diets with Omega-3 fatty acids improved survival, bacterial invasion in the blood and lungs as well as decreased overall lung tissue inflammation and cell death when compared to the Omega-6 supplemented diets. Translation of these findings in humans may improve outcomes of patients at risk for pneumonia.
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionCommunity and co-worker contacts are important sources of viral respiratory illness in healthcare personnel while exposure to patients with recognized respiratory infections is not associated. The comparatively low risk associated with direct patient contact may reflect transmission related to asymptomatic patients or unrecognized infections.
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: There is a need for policymakers to take steps to overcome the regional disparities that create disadvantages for children aged less than 5 years in disadvantaged areas. PMID: 31935335 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Rural and Remote Health - Category: Rural Health Tags: Rural Remote Health Source Type: research
This report describes CDC's and Louisiana health officials'investigation of the state's early and intense flu activity in the fall of 2019
Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report - Category: American Health Tags: Influenza (Flu) MMWR Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report Source Type: news
This article explores some the most up-to-date influenza literature and research. It discusses how nurses and other health professionals can use this evidence in order to help them mitigate the consequences of influenza.
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
This review shows how vaccines can decrease AMR by preventing bacterial and viral infections, thereby reducing the use/misuse of antibiotics, and by preventing antibiotic-resistant infections. Vaccines are less likely to induce resistance. Some future uses and developments of vaccines are also discussed.
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Flu season is always unpredictable. Different viral strains circulate each year, which makes forecasting the disease’s spread—and formulating the annual flu vaccine—an educated guessing game. Even so, the 2019-2020 flu season has been particularly unusual. Influenza B, the viral strain that usually circulates toward the end of flu season, instead emerged first this year, shifting usual transmission patterns. A vaccine mismatch and reduced immunity to influenza B may have contributed to the early and severe start of this flu season. What does that mean for the months ahead? TIME asked Lynnette Brammer, an ...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Infectious Disease Source Type: news
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