Quantification of Subcutaneous and Visceral Fat in Abdominal CT and the Correlation with Metabolic Parameters.

The objective of this study was to determine the association of Computed tomography quantified visceral (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using CKD-EPI formula, diabetes mellitus, body mass index (BMI), proteinuria, lipid profile, and hypertension. Increased adipose tissue is the primary phenotypic characteristic of obesity. The amount and distribution of adipose tissue is associated with many adverse consequences, as hypertension, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease etc. Abdominal CT with semi-automated software can quantify adipose tissue and predict the risk for metabolic diseases. This cross-sectional study was carried out of 101 individuals (71 Males and 30 Females) with the mean age of 59.4 ± 5.2 years. Axial sections of non-contrast CT abdomen between L4-5 intervertebral disc (10 mm) were selected to quantify VAT and SAT utilizing GE advanced workstation software. We took 18.5-22.9 kg/ m2 as the normal BMI for Indian population is. Hypertension was defined as per JNC 8 guidelines. The mean eGFR among hypertensives (no of ppl) was 78.1 ± 38.1, compared to 106 ± 29.8 in normotensives (p
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: Available online 22 January 2020Source: Genes &DiseasesAuthor(s): Sergei N. Orlov, Artem M. Tverskoi, Svetlana V. Sidorenko, Larisa V. Smolyaninova, Olga D. Lopina, Nickolai O. Dulin, Elizaveta A. KlimanovaAbstractWith an exception of few reports, the plasma concentration of ouabain and marinobufagenin, mostly studied cardiotonic steroids (CTS) assessed by immunoassay techniques, is less than 1 nM. During the last 3 decades, the implication of these endogenous CTS in the pathogenesis of hypertension and other volume-expanded disorders is widely disputed. The threshold for inhibition by CTS of human an...
Source: Genes and Diseases - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 January 2020Source: Genes &DiseasesAuthor(s): W.E.I. Zilun, Y.A.N.G. Yining, L.I. Qiaoling, Y.I.N. Yong, W.E.I. Zhonghai, Z.H.A.N.G. Wenfeng, M.U. Dan, N.I. Jie, S.U.N. Xuan, X.U. BiaoAbstract and KeywordsHypertension (HT) is the most common public-health challenge and shows a high incidence around the world. Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of mortality and morbidity among the elderly (age> 65 years) in the United States. Now, there is widespread acceptance of the causal link between HT and acute myocardial infarction (MI). This is the first data-mining study to id...
Source: Genes and Diseases - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 January 2020Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Joseph Santiapillai, Sachin AgrawalAbstractA 61 year old gentleman had a large renal cyst, thought to be causing a ‘pseudo-hydrocalyx’ leading to recurrent stones. Definitive treatment with laparoscopic deroofing was planned, however intra-operatively this was abandoned due to complex anatomy and scared adherent tissue. Patient went on to have a flexible ureteroscopy and ‘through and through’ puncture of an intrarenal cyst with PCNL to treat his stones and renal cyst simultaneously. CT scan 12 months later showe...
Source: Urology Case Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
People who undergo gastric bypass surgery are more likely to achieve remission of diabetes than those who try to lose weight by dieting and exercising, researchers say.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape General Surgery Headlines - Category: Surgery Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology News Source Type: news
ConclusionThe results suggest that weight perception explains part of the relationship between physical activity and life satisfaction in adolescents and that these effects vary as a function of age and sex.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Sport and Health Science - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The novel Genoss DES™ stent exhibited excellent safety and efficacy in real-world practice. PMID: 31960640 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Korean Circulation Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Korean Circ J Source Type: research
Authors: Kay FU, Canan A, Abbara S Abstract Coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) is a well-validated and noninvasive imaging modality for the assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with stable ischemic heart disease and acute coronary syndromes (ACSs). CCTA not only delineates the anatomy of the heart and coronary arteries in detail, but also allows for intra- and extraluminal imaging of coronary arteries. Emerging technologies have promoted new CCTA applications, resulting in a comprehensive assessment of coronary plaques and their clinical significance. The application of computational...
Source: Korean Circulation Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Korean Circ J Source Type: research
We report a case of malignant non-neural-type GCT in the lungs.A 77-year-old woman felt chest discomfort and dyspnea in July 2019. She had never smoked and had no medical history other than hypertension and diabetes mellitus.She was initially evaluated at a local hospital. Flexible bronchoscopy showed total occlusion of the right main bronchus by a mass-like lesion. Biopsy of the mass lesion revealed chronic inflammation. The patient visited for re-evaluation in September 2019. Rigid bronchoscopy showed worsening of the total obstruction of the right main bronchus by a tumor mass, such that the carina was not visible. Addi...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 July 2018Source: Molecular Genetics and MetabolismAuthor(s): Meryl Waldman, Joan C. Han, Daniela P. Reyes-Capo, Joy Bryant, Kathryn A. Carson, Baris Turkbey, Peter Choyke, Jürgen K. Naggert, William A. Gahl, Jan D. Marshall, Meral Gunay-AygunAbstractAlström Syndrome is a ciliopathy associated with obesity, insulin resistance/type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiomyopathy, retinal degeneration, hearing loss, progressive liver and kidney disease, and normal cognitive function. ALMS1, the protein defective in this disorder, localizes to the cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center,...
Source: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
AbstractSleep disturbances have been shown to be associated with adverse health outcomes including diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension, and obesity. However, little is known about the relationship between sleep duration and diabetes complications. The present cross-sectional study aimed to examine the association between sleep duration and nephropathy in a population of type 2 DM patients. Diabetic patients aged ≥ 18 years who visited two outpatient clinics in Kermanshah from February 2014 to February 2015 entered the study. Demographic, anthropometric, and biochemical data, as well as information on sleep ...
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
More News: Cardiology | Cardiovascular | CT Scan | Diabetes | Diabetes Mellitus | Diabetes Type 2 | Eating Disorders & Weight Management | Endocrinology | General Medicine | Heart | Hypertension | India Health | Obesity | Proteinuria | Study