Cancers, Vol. 11, Pages 1966: Induction of NK Cell Reactivity against B-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia by an Fc-Optimized FLT3 Antibody

Cancers, Vol. 11, Pages 1966: Induction of NK Cell Reactivity against B-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia by an Fc-Optimized FLT3 Antibody Cancers doi: 10.3390/cancers11121966 Authors: Schmied Lutz Riegg Zekri Heitmann Bühring Jung Salih Antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) is a major mechanism by which antitumor antibodies mediate therapeutic efficacy. At present, we evaluate an Fc-optimized (amino acid substitutions S239D/I332E) FLT3 antibody termed 4G8-SDIEM (FLYSYN) in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (NCT02789254). Here we studied the possibility to induce NK cell ADCC against B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) by Fc-optimized FLT3 antibody treatment. Flow cytometric analysis confirmed that FLT3 is widely expressed on B-ALL cell lines and leukemic cells of B-ALL patients. FLT3 expression did not correlate with that of CD20, which is targeted by Rituximab, a therapeutic monoclonal antibody (mAb) employed in B-ALL treatment regimens. Our FLT3 mAb with enhanced affinity to the Fc receptor CD16a termed 4G8-SDIE potently induced NK cell reactivity against FLT3-transfectants, the B-ALL cell line SEM and primary leukemic cells of adult B-ALL patients in a target-antigen dependent manner as revealed by analyses of NK cell activation and degranulation. This was mirrored by potent 4G8-SDIE mediated NK cell ADCC in experiments with FLT3-transfectants, the cell line SEM and primary cells as target cells. Taken together, the ...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

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Bressan GC Abstract The serine/arginine protein kinases respond to the EGFR-PI3K-AKT signaling module in the context of pre-mRNA alternative splicing regulation. These enzymes (notably SRPK1 and SRPK2) have been found dysregulated in a variety of cancers, which suggests them as promising drug targets in oncology. SRPK2 has been related to leukemia cells proliferation and found preferentially overexpressed in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). Previously, synergistic combination between vincristine and SRPK inhibitors has been observed in leukemia cells in vitro. Herein we sought to evaluate the in vitro ...
Source: Toxicology in Vitro - Category: Toxicology Authors: Tags: Toxicol In Vitro Source Type: research
We present a case of t-ALL occurring 18 months after treatment for metastatic endometrial cancer with a regimen of carboplatin, paclitaxel and radiotherapy. The patient presented with severe pancytopenia and diagnosed with common-B ALL, and the cytogenetic analysis showed a previously unreported deletion in chromosome 19 (q13.1) in 100% of the blast cells. The patient declined further therapy and died 1 month later. This rare but serious side effect of chemo-radiotherapy should be considered when deciding on treatment options for gynaecological cancers. PMID: 31921343 [PubMed]
Source: Ecancermedicalscience - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Ecancermedicalscience Source Type: research
Authors: Patel SH, Vasu S, Guo L, Lemaster O, Byrd JC, Walker A Abstract Acute undifferentiated leukemia (AUL) is a subtype of acute leukemias of ambiguous lineage. There is no standard treatment approach for AUL, although acute lymphoblastic leukemia-like regimens for induction therapy have been used. Additional data suggest that AUL may be better treated as acute myeloid leukemia (AML), given their similarities in genetic, cytogenetic, and gene expression patterns. Somatic mutations of IDH1 are found in 7% to 14% of patients with AML; however, the patient in this study was the first patient with IDH1-mutated AUL ...
Source: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network : JNCCN - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Natl Compr Canc Netw Source Type: research
(University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine) Patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) or acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who are treated with anthracyclines are at a heightened risk of heart failure -- most often within one year of exposure to the chemotherapy treatment, according to a new study led by researchers at Penn Medicine. To help identify a patient's risk for heart failure following the treatment, researchers developed a risk score (0 to 21) based on clinical and echographic variables.
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news
Publication date: 9 December 2019Source: Cancer Cell, Volume 36, Issue 6Author(s): Andrei V. Krivtsov, Kathryn Evans, Jayant Y. Gadrey, Benjamin K. Eschle, Charlie Hatton, Hannah J. Uckelmann, Kenneth N. Ross, Florian Perner, Sarah N. Olsen, Tara Pritchard, Lisa McDermott, Connor D. Jones, Duohui Jing, Ali Braytee, Diego Chacon, Eric Earley, Brian M. McKeever, David Claremon, Andrew J. Gifford, Heather J. LeeSummaryInhibition of the Menin (MEN1) and MLL (MLL1, KMT2A) interaction is a potential therapeutic strategy for MLL-rearranged (MLL-r) leukemia. Structure-based design yielded the potent, highly selective, and orally b...
Source: Cancer Cell - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: Winters A, Gore L Abstract Although almost 90% of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and ∼60% of children with acute myeloid leukemia are cured with frontline therapy, relapse and chemotherapy resistance are significant challenges that contribute to morbidity and mortality. Even with long-term survival, the acute and chronic burdens of therapy are major issues for patients and families. Long-term side effects occur, including cardiac, endocrinologic, neurcognitive, orthopedic, and psychosocial problems, and healthy survivorship is frequently compromised. With goals of minimizing relapse a...
Source: Hematology ASH Education Program - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program Source Type: research
This article reviews the current landscape of antibody-based and cellular immunotherapies under current clinical evaluation with an emphasis on active or soon-to-open phase 1 trials for children with relapsed/refractory AML. PMID: 31808843 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Hematology ASH Education Program - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program Source Type: research
Keserű Richard Moriggl Signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)3 and STAT5 are important transcription factors that are able to mediate or even drive cancer progression through hyperactivation or gain-of-function mutations. Mutated STAT3 is mainly associated with large granular lymphocytic T-cell leukemia, whereas mutated STAT5B is associated with T-cell prolymphocytic leukemia, T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia and γδ T-cell-derived lymphomas. Hyperactive STAT3 and STAT5 are also implicated in various hematopoietic and solid malignancies, such as chronic and acute myeloid leukem...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
This study addressed the possibility of FLT3 modulating nucleoside salvage processes and, eventually, cytarabine action. Bone marrow samples from 108 pediatric leukemia patients (B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia, BCP-ALL: 83; T-ALL: 9; acute myeloid leukemia, AML: 16) were used to determine the mRNA expression levels of FLT3, the cytarabine activating kinase dCK, and the nucleotidases cN-II and SAMHD1. FLT3 mRNA levels positively correlated with dCK, cN-II and SAMHD1 in the studied cohort. FLT3 inhibition using AC220 promoted the expression of cN-II in MV4-11 cells. Indeed, inhibition of cN-II with anthraquino...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionWe suggest a one ‐compartment population model with first‐order elimination to capture the pharmacokinetic profile for basiliximab for this patient population.
Source: Pharmacotherapy: The Journal of Human Pharmacology and Drug Therapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
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