Sequential PET/diffusion-weighted imaging in the evaluation of myocardial perfusion and viability in coronary artery disease: a preliminary study

Objectives To evaluate the utility of sequential F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose PET/diffusion-weighted imaging in assessing myocardial perfusion and viability in coronary artery disease. Methods Fourteen coronary artery disease patients and five non-coronary artery disease subjects underwent sequential cardiac F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose PET/diffusion-weighted imaging using a trimodality PET/computed tomography-MRI system. The perfusion data were acquired by measuring low b-values apparent diffusion coefficient using diffusion-weighted imaging. Regional myocardial viability was determined by perfusion/metabolism patterns. The perfusion/metabolism patterns obtained by low b-values apparent diffusion coefficient/fluorodeoxyglucose uptake were analyzed and compared with the results from the combination of rest 99mmethoxyisobutylisonitrile (99mTc-MIBI) myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography with F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose PET/computed tomography. Results Ten coronary artery disease patients and five non-coronary artery disease subjects were included in the final analysis. Low b-values apparent diffusion coefficient defects involved with 25 myocardial regions were demonstrated in nine coronary artery disease patients, while 99mTc-MIBI defects involved with 21 myocardial regions were shown in the same patients. The agreement between low b-values apparent diffusion coefficient and MIBI uptake was good in coronary artery disease patients (κ = 0.627, P
Source: Nuclear Medicine Communications - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

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ConclusionsSPECT/CT imaging provides regional quantification of skeletal muscle perfusion reserve which is significantly associated with exercise tolerance and cardiovascular fitness. Future application of SPECT/CT may elucidate the underlying skeletal muscle adapations to exercise therapy in patients with cardiovascular diseases.
Source: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundPatients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and dementia experience reduced quality of life and increased mortality. Technetium 99m ECD brain perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (99mTc-ECD brain perfusion SPECT) is a beneficial modality for diagnosing dementia and identifying high-risk patients with mild cognitive impairment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of brain perfusion using99mTc-ECD SPECT in patients with AF and dementia.MethodsOf a total of 405 consecutive patients diagnosed with AF as cardiac outpatients with dementia using the Mini-Mental State Examination...
Source: EJNMMI Research - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsWe investigated the current status of MPS imaging technology in Japan, and found that although the use of various technical developments has been reported, some of these technologies have not been utilized effectively. Hence, we expect that nuclear medicine technology will be used more effectively to improve diagnosis.
Source: Japanese Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: In symptomatic patients with CAD, very low hs-cTn concentrations, including hs-cTnI concentrations less than 2.5 ng/L, do not generally allow users to safely exclude inducible myocardial ischemia. Primary Funding Source: European Union, Swiss National Science Foundation, Kommission für Technologie und Innovation (Innosuisse), Swiss Heart Foundation, Cardiovascular Research Foundation Basel, University of Basel, University Hospital Basel, Roche, Abbott, and Singulex. PMID: 31905377 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Ann Intern Med Source Type: research
ConclusionWe developed a deep learning model to support the interpretation of brain perfusion SPECT by converting unstructured text reports into structured labels. This model can be used as a support system not only to identify perfusion abnormalities but also to provide quantitative scores of abnormalities, particularly for patients who require revascularization.
Source: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
In ordered subsets expectation maximization (OSEM) reconstruction of electrocardiography (ECG)-gated myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), it is often assumed that the image ...
Source: EJNMMI Physics - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Original research Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Super-responders (SRs) to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) regain near-normal or normal cardiac function. The extent of cardiac synchrony of SRs and whether continuous biventricular (BIV) pacing is needed remain unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cardiac electrical and mechanical synchrony of SRs. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed CRT recipients between 2008 and 2016 in 2 centers to identify SRs, whose left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction was increased to ≥50% at follow-up. Cardiac synchrony was evaluated in intrinsic and BIV-paced rhythms. Electrical synch...
Source: Chinese Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Chin Med J (Engl) Source Type: research
Authors: Brindhaban A Abstract Rationale: Radiation dose to patients from imaging modalities are measured or calculated to assess the risk of the procedure and compared it to the benefits. Periodic review of image acquisition methods and radiation dose used are essential part of procedure optimization in medical imaging. The aim of this study was to estimate patient radiation dose from single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) using computed tomography (CT) images for attenuation correction. Methods: SPECT and CT image acquisition parameters such as, administered activity...
Source: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: J Nucl Med Technol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The low agreement between amyloid PET/CT and previous clinical and instrumental assessments that we found in our study suggests that the amyloid PET/CT provides additional and early information. To perform an early and differential diagnosis of AD could have a great impact on the patient's management and cost of care in order to perform the correct therapeutic interventions and to allow family members to manage adequately the patient's demanding care. PMID: 31802055 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Hell J Nucl Med Source Type: research
Abstract Background: Functional assessment to rule out myocardial ischemia using coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) is extremely important and data on the Brazilian population are still limited. Objective: To assess the diagnostic performance of myocardial perfusion by CCTA in the detection of severe obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) compared with single-photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT). To analyze the importance of anatomical knowledge to understand the presence of myocardial perfusion defects on SPECT imaging that is not identified on computed tomography (CT) scan. Method: A total of 3...
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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