An atypical hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state and diabetic ketoacidosis induced by sodium–glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors: A case report

Publication date: Available online 5 December 2019Source: Journal of the Formosan Medical AssociationAuthor(s): Chen-Ti Wang, Che-Wei Chang, Yung-Chuan Lu, Hing-Chung Lam, Shu-Ju Ku, Kuo-Bin Tseng, Yu-Hsi KaoSodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors have become the best choice of second-line oral antidiabetic drugs for patients with heart or chronic kidney disease. However, it is not clear how safe this treatment is for elderly patients, especially Asians, who are known to be more insulin deficient than Caucasian individuals with a similar insulin resistance. Here, we report a case concerning an elderly patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus without insulin dependence, whose antidiabetic medication had recently been changed to include an SGLT-2 inhibitor. The patient presented with an atypical hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state and diabetic ketoacidosis but recovered after insulin pump treatment and fluid supplementation. The patient was discharged with a prescription of a mixed-type insulin injection instead of oral antidiabetic medications for diabetes control. Our case demonstrates that if SGLT-2 inhibitors are administered to elderly Asian patients, their benefits and adverse effects should be carefully monitored.
Source: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

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Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
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Source: PLoS Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
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