Behavioral sciences in the promotion of oral health

International&American Associations for Dental Research Alexandria, VA, USA - 2019 marks the Centennial of theJournal of Dental Research (JDR). Over the last century theJDR has been dedicated to the dissemination of new knowledge and information on all sciences relevant to dentistry and to the oral cavity and associated structures in health and disease. To celebrate, theJDR is featuring a yearlong, commemorative article and podcast series that highlights topics that have transformed dental, oral and craniofacial research over the past 100 years. The importance and value of behavioral sciences in dentistry has long been recognized and over time behavioral sciences have expanded our understanding of oral health beyond'disease'to a broader biopsychosocial concept of oral health. In theJDR Centennial article "Behavioral Sciences in the Promotion of Oral Health, " Colman McGrath, University of Hong Kong, SAR, China, discusses how this broadened view has led dentistry away from a focus of'treatment'to oral health'care. '" Over the past 100 years, key oral health behaviors have been identified including diet, oral hygiene and dental services, and the relationship between individual factors and the broader environmental factors have been increasingly emphasized, leading to a united call for action in addressing oral health inequalities, " said McGrath." More recently behavioral therapies, such as cognitive behavioral therapy, are increasingly being employ...
Source: Dental Technology Blog - Category: Dentistry Source Type: news

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This article reviews the current problems associated with the routine use of breast fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB), and discusses the potential impact that the new International Academy of Cytology (IAC) Yokohama Reporting System and the use of rapid on site evaluation (ROSE), should have on reducing these problems to optimise breast care for patients. The recently published IAC System aims to establish best practice guidelines for breast FNAB, emphasizes the importance of the FNAB technique and the skilful preparation of direct smears, proposes a standardized report, and establishes clear terminology for defined rep...
Source: Journal of the American Society of Cytopathology - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
This study aimed to determine the effect of the consumption of peel flour or pulp flour from two varieties of Solanum tuberosum (Yungay potato and Canchán potato) on the accumulation of adipose tissue, organ weight, and oxidative stress in the liver of rats. We carried out an experimental study in 24 obese Holtzman rats, divided into four groups and subjected to diets containing 10% flour from both varieties of potato. The groups were T1: Yungay peel; T2: Yungay pulp; T3: Canchán peel; and T4: Canchán pulp. When the study was completed, all the animals were slaughtered to record the weights of organs a...
Source: Revista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS.: One out of two Venezuelan migrants in Peru presents NUHCF. Having SIS increases the likelihood of Venezuelan migrants in Peruvian territory seeking medical attention. Increasing public health insurance for this population, which is currently low, could increase the utilization of health services. PMID: 31967249 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS.: There is evidence of antimicrobial activity in M. dubia. Its study as an antimicrobial against oral microorganisms is still incipient, but there is great potential thanks to the potent phytochemicals it contains. Also, additional quality studies are required: comparing their activity versus oral antiseptics and on microorganisms associated with dental caries and periodontal disease. PMID: 31967248 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica Source Type: research
Authors: Lancellotti P, De Pauw M, Claeys M Abstract Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer represent the two main causes of death in industrialised countries. Both share common risk factors (diabetes, obesity, hypertension, diet, smoking, etc.). The associated timing of CVD and cancer onset is thus largely influenced by modifiable risk factors. Advances in cancer treatment have extended the lives of patients with cancer, but for some at the cost of adverse cardiovascular events. The rapidly growing number of patients surviving cancer, often in the setting of advanced age, new or pre-existing CV disease and risk f...
Source: Acta Cardiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Acta Cardiol Source Type: research
AbstractOsteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic joint disease that leads to pain and functional incapacity. The aim of the study is to investigate the effects of the incorporation of photobiomodulation (PBM) (via cluster) into a physical exercise program on the level of pain, lower limb muscle strength, and physical capacity, in patients with knee OA. Sixty-two female volunteers with a diagnosis of knee OA were distributed in 4 groups: exercise associated with placebo PBM group, exercise associated with active PBM group, active PBM group, and placebo PBM group. Sixteen sessions of lower limb strength exercises and PBM via cluster...
Source: Lasers in Medical Science - Category: Laser Surgery Source Type: research
Authors: Li F Abstract Expression of miR-221 and miR-489 in breast cancer patients and their prognostic value were investigated. Sixty-two breast cancer patients admitted to the First Teaching Hospital of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine for tumor surgery, from July 2014 to January 2016, were selected as the research group (RG), and 27 female adults who underwent physical examination during the same period were selected as the control group (CG). miR-221 and miR-489 expression levels in the blood samples of the breast cancer patients and the healthy female adults were detected by fluorescence reve...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
ConclusionMental health symptoms, pre ‐existing dental anxiety and dental health status are important contributors to the development of dental anxiety in youth. Estimations of pain at the dentist are central when it comes to changes in dental anxiety over time in this study.
Source: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Discussion In the US during 2011, ~60,000 youth were incarcerated at some time in a correctional facility. Boys are detained more than girls (86% vs 14% respectively in the US, 95% male in the United Kingdom in 2014) but girls have more health issues. There are racial and ethnic differences with 38-40% of detainees being black, 23% being Hispanic/Latino and 32% being white, and 5% other. For detained youth, 5% are for violent crimes, 22% for non-violent property crimes and the majority of the rest are for non-violent offices such as substance use. The average length of detainment is 3-4 months and unfortunately the rates o...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
The dentist may not be your favorite appointment, but it’s a necessity.  Good oral hygiene saves you from more than just tooth decay, cavities and bad breath. It is critically important because it can help prevent certain medical conditions such as cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis. And here’s something else: The state of your teeth, mouth and gums can clue your dentist into other medical issues you may need to address. By examining your mouth, your dentist can identify eating disorders, sleeping problems, anxiety, stress and more. Below are some of the things dentists can see about yo...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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