Leukocyte profiles across the cardiovascular disease continuum a population-based cohort study

Inflammation plays a pivotal role across all stadia of the cardiovascular disease (CVD) continuum, i.e. non-obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD), myocardial infarction (MI), and ischemic heart failure (iHF). However, inflammation across CVD continuum has not been studied yet within one population. Therefore, we mapped leukocyte profiles across the continuum within the UK Biobank.
Source: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology - Category: Cytology Authors: Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 15 January 2020Source: Canadian Journal of CardiologyAuthor(s): Ming-Jer Hsieh, Cheng-Hung Lee, Ming-Lung Tsai, Chang-Fu Kao, Wen-Ching Lan, Yu-Tung Huang, Wen-Yi Tseng, Ming-Shien Wen, Shang-Hung ChangAbstractBackgroundTumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) improve joints outcomes and reduce cardiovascular (CV) risk in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, 20-45% of RA patients are TNFi poor responders and have a significantly higher risk of CV events. In these TNFi non-responders, the use of second-line biological agents to improve synovial outcomes is supported by clinical...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 January 2020Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: BiologyAuthor(s): Rui Si, Chao Gao, Rui Guo, Chen Lin, Jiayi Li, Wenyi GuoAbstractAcute Myocardial Infarction (MI) is one of the foremost causes of human death worldwide and it leads to mass death of cardiomyocytes, interchanges of unfavorable biological environment and affecting electrical communications by fibrosis scar formations, and specifically deficiency of blood supply to heart which leads to heart damage and heart failure. Recently, numerous appropriate strategies have been applied to base on solve these problem...
Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Secondary adherence to beta-blockers improves 1-year prognosis after STEMI with preserved left ventricular function. PMID: 31932044 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Medicina Clinica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med Clin (Barc) Source Type: research
Studies have revealed a robust and independent correlation between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiovascular (CV) events, including death, heart failure, and myocardial infarction. Recent clinical trials extend this range of adverse CV events, including malignant ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death (SCD). Moreover, other studies point out that cardiac structural and electrophysiological changes are a common occurrence in this population. These processes are likely contributors to the heightened hazard of arrhythmias in CKD population and may be useful indicators to detect patients who are at a higher SCD...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewDespite major advances in terms of prevention, diagnosis, risk-stratification, management and rehabilitation, atherosclerosis and atherothrombosis continue to have major morbidity and mortality implications worldwide. Since the unraveling of the pivotal role of inflammation in atherothrombosis pathophysiology, several focused treatments have been proposed with the ultimate goal of preventing or treating myocardial infarction, stroke, and peripheral artery disease. In particular, given the centrality of interleukin-1 (IL-1), targeted anti-IL-1 agents have attracted substantial attention and efforts....
Source: Current Atherosclerosis Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Intensively treated participants in the SPRINT study experienced fewer primary cardiovascular composite study endpoints (CVD events) and lower mortality, although 38% of participants experienced a serious adverse event (SAE). The relationship of SAEs with CVD events is unknown. METHODS: CVD events were defined as either myocardial infarction, acute coronary syndrome, decompensated heart failure, stroke, or death from cardiovascular causes. Cox models were utilized to understand the occurrence of SAEs with CVD events according to baseline atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk...
Source: American Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Am J Hypertens Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated the link between AF and senescence markers through the assessment of protein expression in the tissue lysates of human appendages from patients in AF, including paroxysmal (PAF) or permanent AF (PmAF), and in sinus rhythm (SR). The major findings of the study indicated that the progression of AF is strongly related to the human atrial senescence burden as determined by p53 and p16 expression. The stepwise increase of senescence (p53, p16), prothrombotic (TF), and proremodeling (MMP-9) markers observed in the right atrial appendages of patients in SR, PAF, and PmAF points toward multiple inter...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
ConclusionBYD improves cardiac function and protects against cardiomyocytes injury by inhibiting apoptosis via regulating the AT1-CARP signaling pathway.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In this study, we used time-series gene expression data to examine global lncRNA and miRNA expression patterns during the acute phase of MI and at three different time points thereafter. We observed that the largest expression peak for mRNAs, lncRNAs, and miRNAs occurred during the acute phase of MI and involved mainly protein-coding, rather than non-coding RNAs. Functional analysis indicated that the lncRNAs and miRNAs most sensitive to MI and most unstable during MI progression were usually related to fewer biological functions. Additionally, we developed a novel computational method for identifying dysregulated competin...
Source: Aging - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Aging (Albany NY) Source Type: research
Conclusions: Positive costs avoided for each of the outcomes considered were predicted in the main analysis, with ESKD as the outcome predicted to have the greatest costs avoided at $2.92 PMPY. PMID: 31916465 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
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