Identifying risk factors for development of nephrolithiasis in end-stage renal disease patients.

CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of de novo nephrolithiasis in ESRD patients on HD was 10.5%. Increased serum uric acid, decreased serum magnesium and ionized calcium, and absence of hypertension were associated with increased stone-formation in ESRD patients on HD. PMID: 31793861 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Canadian Urological Association Journal - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Can Urol Assoc J Source Type: research

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Purpose of review Men have more kidney stones compared with women; however, the difference is progressively decreasing. The reasons for higher prevalence of stones in men, as well as increasing prevalence in women, is a subject of ongoing speculation. In this review, we summarize the evidence of differences between men and women and expand on the speculative causes. Recent findings Stone incidence is rising in women and adolescent girls. Stone disease is more heritable among men than women, and women demonstrate greater influence of the unique environment. Women under the age of 50 years who have been pregnant, have m...
Source: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: CLINICAL NEPHROLOGY: Edited by David S. Goldfarb Source Type: research
Purpose of review Kidney stones are a common and preventable disorder. Certain occupations may increase risk for stone disease which will be discussed in this review. Few observational studies have examined this association. Recent findings Some occupations prevent individuals from drinking enough fluids to maintain a dilute urine or to void when they need to. People may have poor access to fluids or to bathroom facilities. These issues pose a risk for stone disease and are exacerbated by those who work in warmer climates. Individuals who do more activity while working, especially outdoors, perspire more, leading to m...
Source: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: CLINICAL NEPHROLOGY: Edited by David S. Goldfarb Source Type: research
Purpose of review Both chronic kidney disease (CKD) and kidney stones are major public health problems, which are closely interrelated. Recurrent kidney stones predispose to CKD although CKD seems to decrease risk of further kidney stone formation. Herein, we review new information of this interrelationship. Recent findings Several epidemiological studies in the past have shown an association between history of kidney stones and risk for CKD and CKD progression. Recent literature supports this concept and it is reviewed in this article. The issue of whether CKD protects against new kidney stone formation remains unset...
Source: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: CLINICAL NEPHROLOGY: Edited by David S. Goldfarb Source Type: research
Purpose of review Vitamin D deficiency is common in patients with kidney disease and many patients receive vitamin D supplementation. Several large, well-designed clinical trials have been published in the last few years evaluating the effects of vitamin D supplementation on important outcomes for patients with kidney disease including effects on cardiovascular disease, secondary hyperparathyroidism, and kidney disease progression. Recent findings Several negative trials have been published showing no effect of cholecalciferol supplementation on cardiovascular events, kidney disease progression, and albuminuria. Long-...
Source: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: CLINICAL NEPHROLOGY: Edited by David S. Goldfarb Source Type: research
New research in pigs suggests that combining a hypertension drug and a glaucoma drug may take the pain out of passing a kidney stone.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Urology / Nephrology Source Type: news
(CNN) — Google users in the United States had a lot of questions about blood pressure, the keto diet and hiccups in 2019. Those topics were among the 10 most-searched health-related questions on the search engine this year, according to new data from Google. The list was based on search terms collected between January and early December. Last year, the top health-related questions Googled by people in the US included what is amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS, what is endometriosis and how long does weed stay in your urine. In 2017, what is lupus, how long does the flu last and what causes hiccups were some of the...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News CNN Google Source Type: news
CAMBRIDGE (CBS) – A new treatment could help ease the passage of kidney stones, according to researchers at MIT and Massachusetts General Hospital. Scientists said this week that muscle relaxants can reduce the contractions that cause pain when passing the stones. About 1 in 10 people will have the painful experience of kidney stones. They cause more than 500,000 emergency room visits in the United States every year. But local researchers think they’ve made a discovery that can help. They say delivering a combination of two muscle relaxants directly to the ureter, the tube that connects the kidneys and bladder,...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Boston News Health Syndicated CBSN Boston Syndicated Local Cambridge News Kidney Stones MIT Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 24 November 2019Source: Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)Author(s): Baochao Zhang, Haijie Xie, Chunyu LiuAbstractIntroduction and objectivesThe study was conducted to identify the risk factors of upper tract stone formation in patients with diversions after radical cystectomy (RC).Materials and methodsAll patients with diversion after RC were collected in our center from January 2005 to December 2013. Three different common diversions were included: Orthotopic neobladder (ON: 168 patients), Ileal Conduit (IC: 93 patients) or Ureterocutaneostomy (UC: 104 patients)....
Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
AbstractUric acid, the metabolic mediator of gout and urate renal stones, is associated with increased cardiovascular risk burden. Hyperuricemia is an old emerging metabolic disorder, and interaction among uric acid and cardiovascular diseases has been clearly described. Several illness including hypertension, myocardial infarction, metabolic syndrome, and heart failure, are related with uric acid levels increase. In this review, we will discuss the pathophysiology of hyperuricemia and describe the biological plausibility for this metabolite to participate in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disorders. In particular, we ...
Source: Heart Failure Reviews - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
PurposeAbstractTo determine if treatment of non-obstructing urolithiasis is effective in management of recurrent UTI.Materials and methodsA retrospective review was performed of patients undergoing elective management of non-struvite upper tract urinary calculi with recurrent UTI from 2009 to 2016. Recurrent UTI was defined at  ≥ 3 UTI in 12 months, with symptoms and documented urine culture. Preoperative CT was performed in all patients to determine stone burden. All patients had postoperative imaging and ≥ 12 months of follow-up. Pre- and postoperative variables were between pa...
Source: World Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
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