Burden of disease: Closing the gaps in the burden of end-stage kidney disease in Latin America.

Burden of disease: Closing the gaps in the burden of end-stage kidney disease in Latin America. Clin Nephrol. 2019 Dec 03;: Authors: Gonzalez-Bedat MC, Rosa-Diez G, Ferreiro-Fuentes A, Douthat W, Cueto-Manzano A, Fernandez-Cean JM Abstract End-stage kidney disease (ESKD) represents a major challenge for Latin America (LA). The Latin American Dialysis and Renal Transplantation Registry (LADRTR) has published several reports, and its continuity has implied a sustained effort of the nephrology community to improve care of ESKD in the region; this paper summarizes results of the year 2014. Methods have been reported previously; participant countries complete annual surveys collecting data on incident and prevalent patients undergoing renal replacement therapy (RRT) in all modalities. 20 countries participated in the surveys (more than 90% of the region). Prevalence of treated ESKD in RRT increased from 119 patients per million population (pmp) in 1991 to 709 pmp in 2014; hemodialysis continues to be the treatment of choice in the region (68%). A wide variation was observed in the incidence rate, from 421 pmp in Jalisco (Mexico) to 23 pmp in Paraguay; diabetes was the cause of 36% of incident cases. Additionally, great heterogeneity was observed in the number of nephrologists by country, from 2 pmp in Colombia to 53 pmp in Uruguay. Heterogeneity, or even absence of registries in some LA countries, is concordant with inequities in RRT access as ...
Source: Clinical Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Clin Nephrol Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 11 December 2019Source: International Journal of Nursing SciencesAuthor(s): Lei Cui, Weixia Chen, Xingxing Yu, Changping JuAbstractPurposePatients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) have a higher prevalence of cognitive impairment and inferior cognitive performance than the general population, and those with cognitive impairment are at higher risk of death than those without cognitive impairment. Having diabetes has been associated with an increased risk of cognitive decline in end-stage kidney disease patients treated with peritoneal dialysis or kidney transplant. However, these f...
Source: International Journal of Nursing Sciences - Category: Nursing Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: There is a high CKD burden in the ME countries. There needs to be emphasis on prevention of ESRD and provision of adequate care for the total ESRD patient population. National renal registries are needed to monitor the status of ESRD patients. Health expenditures should be increased to cover all aspects of RRT in ME Countries. PMID: 31793874 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Clin Nephrol Source Type: research
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Severe uncontrolled secondary hyperparathyroidism and kidney transplantation history are both risk factors for fractures in hemodialyzed patients. Moreover, patients who return to dialysis after transplant failure have more severe infections/anemia and higher mortality risk than transplant-naive patients starting dialysis with native kidneys. In this context, our aim was to test the hypothesis that transplant failure patients have more secondary hyperparathyroidism than transplant-naive patients. METHODS: We retrospectively compared 29 transplant failure patients to 58 transpl...
Source: Nephrologie and Therapeutique - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Nephrol Ther Source Type: research
Conclusion: We identified a higher proportion of patients with extra-pulmonary TB in our population compared to the national figure of 58.0% in all patients diagnosed with TB. Despite co-morbidity of patients with CKD on RRT, the treatment completion rates and mortality of these patients were similar to national rates for all patients with active TB.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Tuberculosis Source Type: research
Abstract Patients with end-stage renal disease are susceptible to infection, particularly methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Although MRSA-related mortality and morbidity have been studied, methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) has not been investigated to the same degree. Five hundred and seventy-eight chronic hemodialysis patients were followed up retrospectively for 18 months. Routine screening for MRSA and MSSA was instigated. Two hundred and eighty-eight patients (49%) had at least one positive MSSA or MRSA swab. There was no statistical difference in age, Charlson index, diabete...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
The objective of this review is to show an overview to know the main UT produced in end-stage renal disease patients, and how prebiotics and probiotics intervention acts as a helpful tool in CKD treatment.
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
This article's objective is to describe CKD's integration into Cuba's National Noncommunicable Diseases (NCD) Program and the main outcomes regarding the burden of CKD and associated risk factors in Cuba. Cuba offers free health services to all its citizens on the basis of a strong primary healthcare system focused on prevention. The CKD National Program is coordinated by the Institute of Nephrology and includes the National Program for Prevention of CKD, which addresses all levels of prevention. The following indicators for renal replacement treatment are from 2016. The incidence of new patients on dialysis was 109 per mi...
Source: Clinical Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Clin Nephrol Source Type: research
Expanding home dialysis as an initial therapy for end-stage renal disease is feasible and safe, and produces better outcomes among patients than starting them on center-based hemodialysis.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Transplantation Headlines - Category: Transplant Surgery Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology News Source Type: news
Hypertension is a risk factor for renal disease. Therefore, this study was aimedat estimating the prevalence of hypertension in renal patients in Iran through meta ‑analysis.The search was carried out using authentic Persian and English keywords in national and international databases including IranMedex, SID, Magiran, IranDoc, Medlib, ScienceDirect, Pubmed, Scopus, Cochrane, Embase, Web of Science, Medline, and Google Scholar search engine without any time limitation until 2017. Heterogeneity of studies was assessed using theI2index.Data were analyzed using STATA ver 11.In 35 reviewed studies with a sample of 39,621 sub...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
In conclusion, our study suggests that a large percentage did not have nephrology care before initiating dialysis. The ones who were seen by nephrology before dialysis were significantly more likely to initiate dialysis using an AVF. A national focus on improving nephrology referral in advanced CKD may allow better utilization of AVF as the method of access at dialysis initiation. PMID: 31696849 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
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