Taming chronic inflammation may reduce illness, save lives
Scientists from 22 institutions, including UCLA, are recommending early diagnosis, prevention and treatment of severe chronic inflammation to reduce the risk of chronic disease and death worldwide.The group of international experts, which also includes scientists from the National Institutes of Health, Stanford University, Harvard Medical School, Columbia University Medical Center and University College London, point to inflammation-related diseases as the cause of 50 percent of all deaths worldwide.Inflammation is a naturally occurring response by the body ’s immune system that helps fight illness and infection. When inflammation is chronic, however, it increases the risk of developing potentially deadly diseases. Ina perspective article, published in the journal Nature Medicine, the authors describe how persistent and severe inflammation in the body plays a key role in heart disease, cancer, diabetes, kidney disease, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, and autoimmune and neurodegenerative disorders.Future research should focus on identifying ways to better diagnose and treat severe chronic inflammation, according to the authors. Doing so may not only extend life, but also help reduce chronic disease worldwide and improve health, they said.Senior author George Slavich, director of the UCLA Laboratory for Stress Assessment and Research, said it is important to make people aware of the risk factors for chronic inflammation, which include obesity, ph...
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2020Source: European Journal of Surgical OncologyAuthor(s): Robert A. Nagourney, Steven Evans, Peter H. Tran, Adam J. Nagourney, Paul H. Sugarbaker
Authors: Teng M, Zhou S, Cai C, Lupien M, He HH Abstract Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed non-cutaneous cancers in North American men. While androgen deprivation has remained as the cornerstone of prostate cancer treatment, resistance ensues leading to lethal disease. Forkhead box A1 (FOXA1) encodes a pioneer factor that induces open chromatin conformation to allow the binding of other transcription factors. Through direct interactions with the Androgen Receptor (AR), FOXA1 helps to shape AR signaling that drives the growth and survival of normal prostate and prostate cancer cells. FOXA1 also possesse...
Hi all, I've been having a lot of anxiety regarding a critical decision I made several years prior. When I was a senior in high school, I received admission to a school that now ranks among the Top 3 public universities in the United States. Although I did receive a small scholarship (several thousand), it would have put me into significant debt. I instead opted for a much smaller school (which ranks between 150-200) that was generous enough to endow me with a full-tuition merit... Dealing with Anxiety as a Pre-Med
The expansion will create the region ’s largest hospital-based inpatient program for people struggling with alcohol and substance use problems.
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2020Source: The Journal of Molecular DiagnosticsAuthor(s): Iris van ’t Erve, Marjolein J.E. Greuter, Karen Bolhuis, Daan C.L. Vessies, Alessandro Leal, Geraldine R. Vink, Daan van den Broek, Victor E. Velculescu, Cornelis J.A. Punt, Gerrit A. Meijer, Veerle M.H. Coupé, Remond J.A. Fijneman
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2020Source: Pathology - Research and PracticeAuthor(s): Nazila Fathi Maroufi, Nima Ashouri, Zohreh Mortezania, Zahra Ashoori, Vahid Vahedian, Mohammad Taher Amirzadeh-Iranaq, Amir Fattahi, Hamid Kazemzadeh, Mariano Bizzarri, Maryam Akbarzadeh, Hamid Reza Nejabati, Yousef Faridvand, Mohammad-Reza Rashidi, Mohammad Nouri
Publication date: September 2020Source: Human Pathology: Case Reports, Volume 21Author(s): Yuri Noda, Yuko Nakanishi, Ayaka Izui, Hiroyo Takahashi, Chiya Oshiro, Hideo Inaji, Masaru Yamasaki
AbstractPurposeTo evaluate the effects of epiretinal membrane (ERM) formation on the anatomic and functional results of subjects with diabetic macular edema (DME) who are receiving intravitreal aflibercept injections (IAIs).Materials and methodsThis retrospective comparative study includes 29 eyes with DME (Group 1) and 43 eyes with DME and ERM (Group 2). After three consecutive monthly 2.0 mg IAIs, subjects received monthly follow-ups and retreatment was performed if needed. Corrected visual acuity (CVA), central macular thickness (CMT), and central macular volume (CMV) parameters were recorded tri-monthly, and the ...
Conclusion: A nisin-producing probiotic, can be used to treat 'disease-altered' biofilms and promote healthier oral biofilms, which may be useful for improving patient oral health. PMID: 32944159 [PubMed]
Authors: Chopra A, Bhat SG, Sivaraman K Abstract is an obligate, asaccharolytic, gram-negative bacteria commonly associated with increased periodontal and systemic inflammation. P. gingivalis is known to survive and persist within the host tissues as it modulates the entire ecosystem by either engineering its environment or modifying the host's immune response. It interacts with various host receptors and alters signaling pathways of inflammation, complement system, cell cycle, and apoptosis. P. gingivalis is even known to induce suicidal cell death of the host and other microbes in its vicinity with the emergence ...
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