Lung T-Cell Profile Alterations are Associated with Bronchiolitis Obliterans Syndrome in Cystic Fibrosis Lung Transplant Recipients

AbstractThe contribution of T-cells after lung transplant (LTx) remains controversial with no current consensus of their role concerning chronic lung allograft dysfunction. Using flow cytometry to assess T-cell subsets of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) in 16 cystic fibrosis (CF) LTx recipients, we identified a decline in CD4+ T-cell frequency and an increase in CD8+ T-cell frequency in patients who developed severe bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) (N = 10) when comparing baseline (6 months post-LTx) and follow-up (most recent bronchoscopy—clinical or surveillance per protocol). Comparing BOS to No BOS cohorts, significant differences were found in CD4+ T-cell frequency [17.4 (12.5, 28.2) vs 46.6 (44.4, 48.4),p = 0.003] and CD8+ T-cell frequency [65.6 (62.8, 75.3) vs 39.2 (32.2, 43.3),p = 0.014], respectively. The mean difference of the CD4:CD8 ratio was 0.87 units lower (95% CI − 1.44 to − 0.30,p = 0.006) than patients without BOS, while the median difference of the CD4:CD8 ratio was 0.92 units lower (95% CI − 1.83 to − 0.009,p = 0.048). Therefore, our results suggest that T-cell profiles measured through flow cytometry of BALF in the CF LTx population are associated with the development of severe BOS. Further work is needed in larger patient populations to validate our findings and to determine if this is useful for recipients who underwent LTx for other indic...
Source: Lung - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

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Compositional changes in the microbiome are associated with the development of bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) after lung transplantation (LTx) in adults with cystic fibrosis (CF). The association between the lower airway bacterial community and BO after LTx in children with CF remains largely unexplored and is possibly influenced by frequent antibiotic therapy.
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
This is 13 year old child with mother who is sputum positive for TB. CT scan shows Tree in Bud lesions showing an appearance of multiple areas of centrilobular nodules with a linear branching pattern. This finding is considered classical for endobronchial TB as in this case. However, has been described in other conditions as well.Tree in Bud appearance Endobronchial infections like pulmonary tuberculosis, bronchiolitis, bronchiectasis with mucus plugging in cystic fibrosis are other classical causes.Famous Radiology Blog http://www.sumerdoc.blogspot.com TeleRad Providers at www.teleradproviders.com Mail us ...
Source: Sumer's Radiology Site - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
Conclusions.PID accounted for about 40% of NCFB. Early diagnosis/appropriate treatment have impact on clinical course of a PID patient. Thus, follow-up in also immunology clinics should be a routine for patients who experience pneumonia in the first year of their lives and those with NCFB. Most patients with NCFB (84.28%) had their first pulmonary infection within the first year of their lives. PMID: 32372587 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol Source Type: research
In conclusion, we have generated ferret pluripotent stem cells that provide an opportunity for advancing our capacity to evaluate autologous cell engraftment in ferrets. PMID: 32073882 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol Source Type: research
Conclusions: Of those patients deemed suitable for therapy, TLI was well tolerated with the majority of complications being minor and not leading to cessation of treatment. Therapy is associated with a significant slowing in the rate of decline in lung function impacting overall survival.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Transplantation Source Type: research
As of October, 2019 Gideon www.GideonOnline.com and the Gideon e-book series contain details of 69,204 epidemiological surveys – of which 1,107 (1.6%) are related to the prevalence of specific viral species in patients with respiratory tract infection.  [1-3] The following chronology of published studies summarizes the relative proportion of viral agents associated with non-influenza childhood respiratory infection in the United States.  Additional details and primary references are available on request. 1976 – 2001 Tennessee hMPV accounted for 20% of acute respiratory illness among children ages 0 to...
Source: GIDEON blog - Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Tags: Ebooks Epidemiology ProMED Source Type: blogs
In conclusion, circulating MDSCs are measurable, functional and have a G-MDSC phenotype in lung transplant patients. Their frequency is increased in stable patients, decreased during post-transplant complications, and related to level of immunosuppression. This study may pave the way for further investigations of MDSC in the context of lung transplantation. Introduction From a transplant immunological point of view, graft acceptance is the fundamental element in allograft survival. Graft acceptance is realized by blocking the immune system with immunosuppression preventing host immune cells to recognized and attack...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewCough becomes a pathologic reflex when the airways are inflamed and overwhelmed with excessive mucus. The goal of this review is to discuss acute and chronic cough syndromes caused by non-asthmatic airway diseases.Recent FindingsAcute cough syndrome is short-lived and self-limited. Acute bronchitis and diffuse acute infectious bronchiolitis (DAIB) are examples. The former is usually caused by a viral illness; the latter byMycoplasma pneumoniae, influenza, andHaemophilus influenzae. Causes of chronic cough in the adult include chronic bronchitis, non-infectious bronchiolitis, and non-cystic fibrosis...
Source: Current Otorhinolaryngology Reports - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Jennifer M. Rudd1, Sivasami Pulavendran1, Harshini K. Ashar1, Jerry W. Ritchey1, Timothy A. Snider1, Jerry R. Malayer1, Montelongo Marie1, Vincent T. K. Chow2 and Teluguakula Narasaraju1* 1Center for Veterinary Health Sciences, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK, United States2Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, National University Health System, Singapore, Singapore Exaggerated host innate immune responses have been implicated in severe influenza pneumonia. We have previously demonstrated that excessive neutrophils recruited during in...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
This study is complemented by another report that found that hRSV infection induces significant expression of three miRNAs, namely hsa-miR-4448, hsa-miR-30a-5p, and hsa-miR-4634 in human DCs (104). Interestingly, this latter study also performed comparative analyses of miRNA profiles between DCs infected with hRSV and a related virus, namely the human metapneumovirus, and found that both viruses induced the expression of elevated levels of hsa-miR-4634. Elucidating the contribution of these miRNAs in DCs in response to hRSV remains to be determined. Dendritic Cell Phenotype and Migration Upon hRSV Infection in vivo Altho...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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