Topographic Somatosensory Imagery for Real-Time fMRI Brain-Computer Interfacing

This study demonstrates that body part-specific somatosensory imagery differentially activates somatosensory cortex in a topographically specific manner; evidence which was surprisingly still lacking in the literature. It also offers proof of concept for a novel somatosensory imagery-based fMRI-BCI control strategy, with particularly high potential for visually and motor-impaired patients. The strategy could also be transferred to lower MRI field strengths and to mobile functional near-infrared spectroscopy. Finally, given that communication BCIs provide the BCI user with a form of feedback based on their brain signals and can thus be considered as a specific form of neurofeedback, and that repeated use of a BCI has been shown to enhance underlying representations, we expect that the current BCI could also offer an interesting new approach for somatosensory rehabilitation training in the context of stroke and phantom limb pain.
Source: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

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Authors: Fournier E Abstract Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is too common a condition not to daily interact with the practitioner, if only because of its entanglement to other pathologies, causal or chance association. The typical symptomatology, with hand paresthesia and morning pain upon waking, is related to a median nerve injury in the confined space of the carpal tunnel, more often by local inflammation and tenosynovitis of the finger flexors (repetitive activity of the hands). SCC may be secondary to situations (pregnancy) or conditions (edema, hypothyroidism…), which exaggerate the ordinary pathophysiol...
Source: Revue de Medecine Interne - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Rev Med Interne Source Type: research
Scott J. Davidoff, M.D. - Main Line Spine Scott J. Davidoff, M.D. is a physician at Main Line Spine who specializes in physical medicine, pain medicine, and sports medicine. mainlinespine.com i'm posting the bio of this physician simply for illustrative purposes. this group for example has a bunch of the docs there who have done a fellowship at a number of non accredited places yet they are all saying they are board certified and this person is even the president of american board of pain? how can someone be the president of the board when doing a ...
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Pain Medicine Source Type: forums
ConclusionErgonomic interventions focusing on modification of workstations, and promoting and delivering ongoing ergonomic education are very important to reduce the problem.
Source: Journal of Public Health - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
ConclusionsPillar suture combined with tonsillectomy may reduce postoperative bleeding incidence despite increasing pillar edema in pediatric tonsillectomy. Postoperative pain-relief, palatal hematoma, palatal discomfort sensation, site infection, and velopharyngeal insufficiency were not significantly altered compared to tonsillectomy alone. However, further studies are needed to corroborate the results of this study.ResumoIntroduçãoDiversas técnicas cirúrgicas têm sido utilizadas na tonsilectomia no intuito de reduzir complicações.ObjetivosAvaliar os efeitos da sutura dos p...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
ConclusionsCMR is a key tool for diagnosing LDAC. Characteristic findings are subepicardial fatty infiltration and midwall-subepicardial late gadolinium enhancement. The prognosis of this population is poor with a high incidence of sudden cardiac death and ventricular arrhythmias.ResumenIntroducción y objetivosRecientemente, la miocardiopatía arritmogénica del ventrículo izquierdo (MCAVI) ha sido reconocida como parte del espectro de la miocardiopatía arritmogénica. Se caracteriza por el reemplazo fibroadiposo de la pared de dicho ventrículo. Se describen las formas de prese...
Source: Revista Espanola de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 January 2020Source: Anaesthesia &Intensive Care MedicineAuthor(s): Peter Carachi, Glyn WilliamsAbstractAcute pain management in the neonatal period remains a challenge for the clinician. Responses to pain and analgesic intervention are developmentally influenced and cannot be directly extrapolated from the older child. Successful and safe intervention will minimize acute physiological and behavioural distress, reduce pain scores and potentially improve short- and long-term outcomes. This requires an understanding of the physiology and pharmacology in this age group alongside a mult...
Source: Anaesthesia and intensive care medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: It may be employed either alone or in combination with cryotherapy, existing chemotherapy, bypass surgery or radiations to achieve the optimal results in these patients. Nevertheless, there is a need to formulate a uniform dose and procedure to achieve homogeneity and develop references for clinical practices. PMID: 31977258 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal of Radiation Biology - Category: Radiology Tags: Int J Radiat Biol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Conventional exercises together with diaphragm training result in a greater improvement than conventional exercises alone. PMID: 31974590 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Dialysis was not an inhibitory factor affecting outcomes during subacute rehabilitation in patients with stroke. Rehabilitation should be considered for patients with subacute stroke requiring haemodialysis, in order to provide every opportunity to achieve adequate functional outcomes. PMID: 31974589 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research
Conclusion It's hard to imagine the situation of being alert, aware of what's happening around you, but unable to move, respond or communicate with the outside world. So it is comforting, then, to hear that people with complete locked-in syndrome may be able to communicate – and may be relatively content with their situation. However, it's important to remember the limitations of this study. It's very small. Only four people took part, and full results are available for only three of them. The results may only apply to people with this very specific type of neurodegenerative disease, not to people with other typ...
Source: NHS News Feed - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology Source Type: news
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