Dendritic cells loaded with CD44+ CT-26 colon cell lysate evoke potent antitumor immune responses.

Dendritic cells loaded with CD44+ CT-26 colon cell lysate evoke potent antitumor immune responses. Oncol Lett. 2019 Dec;18(6):5897-5904 Authors: Fu C, Zhou N, Zhao Y, Duan J, Xu H, Wang Y Abstract Increasing evidence supports the concept that cancer stem cells (CSCs) are responsible for cancer progression and metastasis, therapy resistance and relapse. In addition to conventional therapies for colon cancer, the development of immunotherapies targeting cancer stem cells appears to be a promising strategy to suppress tumor recurrence and metastasis. In the present study, dendritic cells (DCs) were pulsed with whole-tumor cell lysates or total RNA of CD44+ colon cancer stem cells (CCSCs) isolated from mouse colon adenocarcinoma CT-26 cell cultures and investigated for their antitumor immunity against CCSCs in vivo and in vitro. In a model of colon adenocarcinoma using BALB/c mice, a sequential reduction in tumor volume and weight was associated with an extended survival in tumor-bearing mice vaccinated with DCs pulsed with RNA or CCSC lysate. In addition, a lactate dehydrogenase assay indicated that cytotoxic T-cells derived from the treated mice exhibited strong cytotoxic activity. Additionally, an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay revealed that the cytotoxic T-cells of the treated mice released higher levels of interferon-γ against CCSCs compared with those of the control group. In all experiments, the antitumor efficacy of the lysate-pulsed DC-treat...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research

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Esophageal adenocarcinoma is inflammation-associated cancer with a recognizable preneoplastic stage, Barrett’s. Barrett’s describes the metaplastic transformation of esophageal squamous mucosa into columnar epithelium that typically results secondary to mucosal damage caused by acidic gastroduodenal reflux. Continued acid reflux may then result in mucosal inflammation which results in progressive inflammation-induced genetic instability that may eventuate in esophageal adenocarcinoma. Barrett’s is the only recognized precursor lesion to esophageal carcinoma. Barrett’s mucosa is unique among preneopl...
Source: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: CLINICAL REVIEWS Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Patients with MUC, grade 3, stage II CC require special attention and may need 6 months of oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy. Larger studies are required to assess the combined use of histology and other prognostic/predictive factors to define the administration of chemotherapy in patients with stage II CC and to improve their prognosis. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Although ASCO and ESMO guidelines define the prognostic factors for patients with stage II colon cancer to establish the use of adjuvant chemotherapy, the influence of histological subtypes is controversial in this population. This study underscores...
Source: The Oncologist - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Oncologist Source Type: research
ConclusionsSince this is the first such study in Balkan region, we assume that results of our study could be a good indicator of elemental alterations in colorectal cancer of Balkan population, due to similarity in lifestyle, dietary intake, pollution and exposure to toxic elements.
Source: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
This study was undertaken to determine the frequency, and the clinicopathologic and genetic features, of colon cancers driven by neurotrophic receptor tyrosine kinase (NTRK) gene fusions. Of the 7008 tumors screened for NTRK expression using a pan-Trk antibody, 16 (0.23%) had Trk immunoreactivity. ArcherDx assay detected TPM3-NTRK1 (n=9), LMNA-NTRK1 (n=3), TPR-NTRK1 (n=2) and EML4-NTRK3 (n=1) fusion transcripts in 15 cases with sufficient RNA quality. Patients were predominantly women (median age: 63 y). The tumors involved the right (n=12) and left colon unequally and were either stage T3 (n=12) or T4. Local lymph ...
Source: The American Journal of Surgical Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
A Streptomyces sp. (BRA-384) was selected among nine strains of bacteria isolated from the zoanthids Palythoa caribaeorum due to the high cytotoxic activity presented by its EtOAc extract (inhibitory concentration mean (IC50) of 2 ng mL-1) against colon cancer cell line. From the EtOAc extract of BRA-384 three new chemical entities (A6, A7 and A8) and one dextrorotatory chromomycin (A5), a promising class of anticancer compounds, were identified. The cytotoxicity of chromomycins A5 to A8 was tested against five tumor cell lines (HCT 116 (human colon adenocarcinoma), MCF-7 (human breast carcinoma), PC-3M (human metastatic p...
Source: Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the clinicopathological and prognostic impact of B-cell linker (BLNK) protein expression in colorectal cancer (CRC) as its function in CRC remains unexplored. We performed immunohistochemical staining for BLNK using tissue microarrays of 418 consecutive CRC samples; of these 10 were excluded due to inappropriate staining. The expression intensity and staining level was scored as 0–3 and 0–4, respectively, based on the percentage of positive cells. The immunoreactivity score (IRS) was calculated by multiplying these two scores. BLNK expression was observed in 222 patients (54.4%)....
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
In this study, we comprehensively analyzed the expression profile and prognostic value of HOXC11 in human pan-cancer using online The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) databases. HOXC11 was widely up-regulated in tumor tissues when compared with the normal tissues in pan-cancer across nine cancer types. In addition, high mRNA level of HOXC11 predicted poor overall survival (OS) of patients with adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC), colon adenocarcinoma (COAD), kidney renal clear cell carcinoma (KIRC), mesothelioma (MESO) and pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAAD), respectively. By comparative analysis, we found that HOXC11 was up-regulated a...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
erlotka Lojkowski Antimitotics are important anticancer agents and include the natural alkaloid prodrug colchicine (COL). However, a major challenge of using COL as an anticancer drug is its cytotoxicity. We developed a novel drug delivery system (DDS) for COL using mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs). The MSNs were functionalized with phosphonate groups, loaded with COL, and coated with folic acid chitosan-glycine complex. The resulting nanoformulation, called MSNsPCOL/CG-FA, was tested for action against cancer and normal cell lines. The anticancer effect was highly enhanced for MSNsPCOL/CG-FA compared to COL. ...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
In this study, the effects of atractylenolide I (AT-I), a bio-active compound present in Atractylodes macrocephala rhizome was studied in the human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line HT-29. The results showed that AT-I induced apoptosis of human colon cancer cells through activation of the mitochondria-dependent pathway. The IC50 of AT-I was 277.6 μM, 95.7 μM and 57.4 μM, after 24, 48 and 72 h of incubation with HT-29, respectively. TUNEL and Annexin V-FITC/PI double stain assays showed HT-29 DNA fragmentation after cell treatment with various AT-I concentrations. Western blotting analysis revealed ac...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
p62 is a multifunctional protein involved in multiple cellular processes including proliferation, drug sensitivity and autophagy-associated cancer cell growth. However, the role of p62 in colon cancer remains controversial. Here we investigated the expression of p62 protein in colon cancer and its clinical significance. Patients with colon adenocarcinoma who underwent resection at the Third Affiliated Teaching Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University (Affiliated Cancer Hospital) were retrospectively analyzed. The expression of p62 protein in tumor tissues and adjacent normal tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry and...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
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