Synergic Impact of Body Mass Index, Diabetes, and Age on Long-Term Mortality in Japanese Incident Hemodialysis Patients: A Cohort Study on a Large National Dialysis Registry

We examined BMI-stratified relationships between diabetes, age, and the risk of long-term mortality in incident hemodialysis patients.
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Related Links:

Abstract Background: To investigate the association between insulin resistance (IR) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks among hemodialysis patients. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study between 2013 and 2017, on 384 hemodialysis patients from seven hospital-based-dialysis centers. HOMA-IR is classified according to median value. The CVD risks were defined by the K/DOQI Guidelines. Logistic regression analysis was used. Results: Patients' age was 60.9 ± 11.8, 58.1% men, and 40.3% overweight/obese. The median of HOMA-IR was 5.4, 82.8% high systolic blood pressure, and 85.7% hyperhomocyst...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Distal revascularization and interval ligation (DRIL) is an effective approach to management of hemodialysis access-related ischemia that offers both symptom relief and access salvage. Great saphenous vein (GSV) is the most commonly used conduit. However, the GSV harvest site can be particularly high risk for postoperative wound complications, especially in patients with risk factors such as obesity and diabetes. In addition, if ipsilateral arm vein is available and used as the conduit, a general anesthetic can be avoided.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Two-thirds of cinacalcet initiated patients experienced hypocalcaemia with 9% being severe. Hypocalcemia was mostly asymptomatic, transient (with and without targeted intervention to correct it) and not associated with an increase in cardiovascular events or deaths. PMID: 31848883 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: J Nephrol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 December 2019Source: International Journal of Nursing SciencesAuthor(s): Lei Cui, Weixia Chen, Xingxing Yu, Changping JuAbstractPurposePatients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) have a higher prevalence of cognitive impairment and inferior cognitive performance than the general population, and those with cognitive impairment are at higher risk of death than those without cognitive impairment. Having diabetes has been associated with an increased risk of cognitive decline in end-stage kidney disease patients treated with peritoneal dialysis or kidney transplant. However, these f...
Source: International Journal of Nursing Sciences - Category: Nursing Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Remote ischemic preconditioning did not modify irisin or troponin I expression, independent of the time of collection. PMID: 31799981 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: There is a high CKD burden in the ME countries. There needs to be emphasis on prevention of ESRD and provision of adequate care for the total ESRD patient population. National renal registries are needed to monitor the status of ESRD patients. Health expenditures should be increased to cover all aspects of RRT in ME Countries. PMID: 31793874 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Clin Nephrol Source Type: research
Abstract End-stage kidney disease (ESKD) represents a major challenge for Latin America (LA). The Latin American Dialysis and Renal Transplantation Registry (LADRTR) has published several reports, and its continuity has implied a sustained effort of the nephrology community to improve care of ESKD in the region; this paper summarizes results of the year 2014. Methods have been reported previously; participant countries complete annual surveys collecting data on incident and prevalent patients undergoing renal replacement therapy (RRT) in all modalities. 20 countries participated in the surveys (more than 90% of th...
Source: Clinical Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Clin Nephrol Source Type: research
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Severe uncontrolled secondary hyperparathyroidism and kidney transplantation history are both risk factors for fractures in hemodialyzed patients. Moreover, patients who return to dialysis after transplant failure have more severe infections/anemia and higher mortality risk than transplant-naive patients starting dialysis with native kidneys. In this context, our aim was to test the hypothesis that transplant failure patients have more secondary hyperparathyroidism than transplant-naive patients. METHODS: We retrospectively compared 29 transplant failure patients to 58 transpl...
Source: Nephrologie and Therapeutique - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Nephrol Ther Source Type: research
Conclusion: Macular edema and central subfield thickness significantly decreased after initiation of dialysis in patients with diabetic chronic renal failure without any ocular treatment. This may be related to the improvement in uremia and volume overload after the initiation of dialysis.
Source: RETINA - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research
Conclusion: Prevalence of transfusion-transmissible viral infections was higher among hemodialysis patients, especially HCV infection which was an alarming situation and therefore strict adherence to infection control strategies, barrier precautions, and preventive measures, including routine hepatitis B vaccination and regular virological follow-up were recommended along with regular education and training programs of technical and nursing personnel's involved with dialysis patients.
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
More News: Diabetes | Dialysis | Endocrinology | Hemodialysis | Japan Health | Nutrition | Study | Urology & Nephrology