The Effect of Prosthesis Design on Blood Loss in Simultaneous Bilateral Total Knee Arthroplasty: Closed-Box versus Open-Box Prosthesis.

The Effect of Prosthesis Design on Blood Loss in Simultaneous Bilateral Total Knee Arthroplasty: Closed-Box versus Open-Box Prosthesis. Clin Orthop Surg. 2019 Dec;11(4):409-415 Authors: Rattanaprichavej P, Laoruengthana A, Rasamimogkol S, Varakornpipat P, Reosanguanwong K, Pongpirul K Abstract Background: Various pre- and perioperative risk factors have been reported in association with blood loss in knee arthroplasty. However, the effect of the uncovered cancellous surface on blood loss in simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty (SBTKA) by different prosthetic designs is not well elucidated. Therefore, this study aimed to compare the blood loss and transfusion rate between different knee prostheses in SBTKA and to identify risk factors that influence blood loss and transfusion after SBTKA. Methods: Demographic and perioperative data of patients who underwent SBTKA using either a closed-box or an open-box femoral component of posterior-stabilized fixed-bearing (PS FB) knee system were retrospectively reviewed. The calculated blood loss (CBL) and blood transfusion rate were compared by using Student t-test and confirmed with multivariate regression analysis. Results: There was no significant difference in preoperative parameters between 54 closed-box and 56 open-box PS FB TKAs. The CBL of the closed-box TKA group was 135.23 mL less (95% confidence interval [CI], -215.30 to -55.16; p = 0.001) than that of the open-box TKA group. However, the ...
Source: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Clin Orthop Surg Source Type: research

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Akkök ÇA Abstract BACKGROUND: Individuals with the K0 phenotype are extremely rare. They may develop anti-Ku antibodies, which react with all antigens of the Kell blood group system, thereby leading to haemolytic transfusion reactions and haemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn. CASE PRESENTATION: A primigravida who was transfused with one unit of red blood cells due to iron deficiency anaemia developed anti-Ku antibodies. The pregnancy was closely monitored by ultrasound and antibody titres. Maternal autologous blood collection was performed twice during the last trimester as back-up in case...
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research
This study aims to compare the WILL-BLEED, CRUSADE, PAPWORTH, TRUST, TRACK and ACTION scores in predicting major bleeding after CABG in patients with low estimated operative risk. METHODS: A multicenter observational study included 1391 patients who underwent isolated CABG from July 2015 to January 2018. We tested the hypothesis that the WILL- BLEED score, specifically designed for CABG, would perform at least as well as the CRUSADE, PAPWORTH, TRUST, TRACK and ACTION scores in predicting postoperative major bleeding in low operative risk patients. The primary endpoint was the performance of known bleeding risk scores ...
Source: The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) Source Type: research
ConclusionThe overall clinical effectiveness and safety rates of BIIAE for pelvic bleeding control, when combined with other methods of hemostasis, were 90% and 100% respectively.
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVES: Minimally invasive coronary revascularization (MICR) involves minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting (MIDCAB) and robotic-assisted coronary artery bypass grafting (RCABG), and hybrid coronary revascularization (HCR) aims to combine MICR/RCABG on left anterior descending (LAD) and percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) on non-LAD lesions. We performed a systematic review and metaanalysis to compare clinical outcome after MICR and HCR. METHODS: A metaanalysis was carried out through searching PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Medline for comparative studies evaluatin...
Source: The Heart Surgery Forum - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Heart Surg Forum Source Type: research
ConclusionHemobilia should be considered as a cause of upper GI bleeding and acute pancreatitis, especially if both are concurrent. Treatment is directed to the cause, with bleeding control and restoration of bile flow, which can be accomplished by a single minimally invasive surgery.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionPrevious reports have not investigated cause of GI bleeding, since it is extremely rare in the literature. Further investigation is warranted to understand cause and effects of GI bleeding in this rare genetic disease.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
[Nigeria Health Watch] Is there an alternative to blood for humans? The answer is no.One of the most vital requirements for a woman experiencing severe bleeding during childbirth is a blood transfusion. It is also the most essential need of a child suffering from severe anaemia due to chronic malnutrition or malaria. Accident victims, organ transplant patients and others often require blood transfusions to keep them alive, and blood transfusion is only possible with the availability of safe blood at the point of need.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
ConclusionsBleeding outcomes in liver disease patients were associated with those procedures that required previous blood transfusion usually with basal platelet count
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Hemodynamically stable patients under AT with blunt hepatic or splenic injuries (grade ≤ III) and no signs of peritonitis, may be good candidates for NOM, despite their bleeding tendency. The type of AT does not seem to influence the final outcome. Reversal of AT should be stratified individually. KEY WORDS: Antithrombotic therapy, Hemodynamic stability, Non-operative management. PMID: 31814603 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia - Category: Surgery Tags: Ann Ital Chir Source Type: research
DiscussionThere have been no randomised controlled trials that have compared the safety and efficacy of FFP versus PCC in cardiac surgery patients who are bleeding. This pilot study will assess if individual components of a large trial are deliverable to assess the safety and efficacy of the two blood products in the future.Trial registrationEudraCT, 2018-003041-41;,NCT03715348. Registered on 29 July 2018.
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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