Suitable reference genes determination for real-time PCR using induced sputum samples

Induced sputum is a non-invasive method of collecting cells from airways. Gene expression analysis from sputum cells has been used to understand the underlying mechanisms of airway diseases such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Suitable reference genes for normalisation of target mRNA levels between sputum samples have not been defined so far. The current study assessed the expression stability of nine common reference genes in sputum samples from 14 healthy volunteers, 12 asthmatics and 12 COPD patients. Using three different algorithms (geNorm, NormFinder and BestKeeper), we identified HPRT1 and GNB2L1 as the most optimal reference genes to use for normalisation of quantitative reverse transcriptase (RT) PCR data from sputum cells. The higher expression stability of HPRT1 and GNB2L1 were confirmed in a validation set of patients including nine healthy controls, five COPD patients and five asthmatic patients. In this group, the RNA extraction and RT-PCR methods differed, which attested that these genes remained the most reliable whatever the method used to extract the RNA, generate complementary DNA or amplify it. Finally, an example of relative quantification of gene expression linked to eosinophils or neutrophils provided more accurate results after normalisation with the reference genes identified as the most stable compared to the least stable and confirmed our findings.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Lung biology and experimental studies Original Articles: Lung biology Source Type: research

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Source: Chemico Biological Interactions - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Authors: Tangirala NC, O'Conor R, Wolf MS, Wisnivesky JP, Federman AD Abstract Regular use of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) is the standard of care for patients with persistent asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Adherence to ICS is measured using the 10-item Medication Adherence Report Scale (MARS), a self-reported medication adherence assessment. However, data on the validity of this measure are limited. Data were obtained from two cohort studies that examined the association of health literacy with self-management behaviors among adults ages 65 and older with asthma and adults ages 40 and ol...
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Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
Condition:   Chronic Obstructive Respiratory Diseases Intervention:   Other: Therapeutic strategy Sponsor:   Olivier Michel Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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Source: WebMD Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research
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