Feasibility and Accuracy of Different Methods for Collecting Data on Falls Among Older People With Dementia.

This study compared different methods for collecting data on falls among people with dementia to identify which is most feasible and accurate. Eighty-three dyads, comprised of a community-dwelling person with dementia and their informal carer, participated in the TAi ChI for people with demenTia (TACIT) trial. Falls were collected prospectively over 6 months using monthly calendars, weekly and monthly telephone interviews, and 3-monthly telephone interviews with the carer. Unique falls identified across the reporting methods were combined, and this total was compared against each reporting method in isolation and combinations. A higher frequency of falls indicated greater accuracy. Falls data collection was most feasible with weekly telephone interviews (84%), and most accurate with the combination of weekly telephone interviews with monthly calendars (96%). For the greatest completeness and accuracy of falls data with community-dwelling people with dementia, researchers should use both weekly telephone interviews and monthly calendars. PMID: 31789633 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 26 January 2020Source: NeuroImage: ClinicalAuthor(s): Joseph Giorgio, Susan Landau, William Jagust, Peter Tino, Zoe Kourtzi, for the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging InitiativeAbstractAlzheimer's disease (AD) is characterised by a dynamic process of neurocognitive changes from normal cognition to mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and progression to dementia. However, not all individuals with MCI develop dementia. Predicting whether individuals with MCI will decline (i.e. progressive MCI) or remain stable (i.e. stable MCI) is impeded by patient heterogeneity due to comorbidities that may lea...
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
In conclusion, advance directives are important to avoid unwanted medical interventions, including simple interventions to address life-threatening conditions. But advance directives cannot preclude someone from entering dementia—to do that, one needs to consider VSED while having capacity. At the point of dementia, standard of care comfort care, with an appropriate strategy of feeding, should be provided.  
Source: blog.bioethics.net - Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Tags: End of Life Care Health Care advance directives Author: Shelton dementia syndicated Source Type: blogs
Insisting you are right because, well, you know better. You don’t have dementia. People living with dementia (PLWD) have an increasingly limited ability to understand the world as we see it. Therefore, we need to learn to see the world from their view. When we do this, we don’t argue if they say that they haven’t eaten all day even though lunch was an hour ago. We just say, “Really? Then we’d better get you a snack.” View slideshow on HealthCentral to learn more about how avoiding certain mistakes while caring for someone who lives with dementia can make everyone's life easier: Caro...
Source: Minding Our Elders - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Source Type: blogs
Authors: Cosentino E, Palmer K, Della Pietà C, Mitolo M, Meneghello F, Levedianos G, Iaia V, Venneri A Abstract AIMS: To assess the correlation between cognitive functioning and 3 gait parameters (gait speed, cadence, and stride length) in persons with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and cognitively healthy controls and investigate linear correlations between gait and gray matter volumes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were recruited at IRCCS San Camillo Hospital, Venice, Italy (MCI=43; age-matched controls=43). Participants underwent comprehensive neuropsychological assessment. Gait speed, cadence,...
Source: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord Source Type: research
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
While most patients with Alzheimer's and Related Dementias (ADRD) prefer to die in nursing facilities, trends and factors associated with place of death for this population remain unknown.
Source: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management - Category: Palliative Care Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Sun F, Chima E, Wharton T, Iyengar V Abstract Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) affect over 50 million persons globally, and the number is expected to rise. In response, health ministries are developing and implementing policies and programs to systemically address the needs of individuals and families affected by ADRD. While national plans of action on ADRD are advancing among European Member States of World Health Organization (WHO), those in the Asia-Pacific and Americas are lagging behind. Since previous studies have largely ignored the Americas and Asia-Pacific-where approximately two-t...
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research
AbstractMid-life hypertension and cerebrovascular dysfunction are associated with increased risk of later life dementia, including Alzheimer ’s disease (AD). The classical renin–angiotensin system (cRAS), a physiological regulator of blood pressure, functions independently within the brain and is overactive in AD. cRAS-targeting anti-hypertensive drugs are associated with reduced incidence of AD, delayed onset of cognitive decline, a nd reduced levels of Aβ and tau in both animal models and human pathological studies. cRAS activity is moderated by a downstream regulatory RAS pathway (rRAS), which is undera...
Source: Acta Neuropathologica - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AIM: The clock drawing test (CDT) is widely used as a visual spatial ability test and screening test for dementia patients. The appearance frequency of qualitative errors obtained through the qualitative analysis of CDT may be related to the participant's ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news
Conditions:   Hearing Loss, Sensorineural;   Dementia of Alzheimer Type;   Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment Interventions:   Device: High level of signal manipulation;   Device: Low level of signal manipulation Sponsors:   Northwestern University;   National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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