Efficacy and Safety of Ginkgo Leaf Extract and Dipyridamole Injection for Ischemic Stroke: A Systematic Review and Meta Analysis

Objective: Ginkgo leaf extract and dipyridamole injection (GDI), a kind of Chinese medicine preparation, has been considered as a promising supplementary treatment for ischemic stroke. The aim of this study was to systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of GDI mediated therapy for ischemic stroke.Methods: PubMed, Cochrane Library, Medline, Embase, Web of Science, Wanfang database, Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and Chinese Biological Medicine Database (CBM), were searched systematically for clinical trials of conventional treatments combined with GDI for ischemic stroke. The reported outcomes including overall response, hemorrheology and blood lipid indexes, and adverse events were systematically investigated.Results: Data from thirty-nine trials including 3,182 ischemic stroke patients were involved. The results indicated that, compared with conventional treatments alone, the combination of conventional treatments with GDI obviously improved the overall response (odds ratio [OR] = 4.14, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 3.26–5.25, P
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 21 January 2020Source: SeizureAuthor(s): Petra Redfors, Lukas Holmegaard, Annie Pedersen, Christina Jern, Kristina MalmgrenAbstractPurposeTo assess long-term incidence and predictors of post-stroke epilepsy (PSE) and to evaluate the antiepileptic drug (AED) treatment in a well characterized cohort of middle-aged patients.MethodsThe study is based on the Sahlgrenska Study on Ischemic stroke, and included 1066 adult patients with first-ever or recurrent acute ischemic stroke (AIS) before the age of 70. Early seizures (ES) were defined as seizures within one week and PSE as unprovoked seizur...
Source: Seizure - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conditions:   Ischemic Stroke;   Cognitive Impairment;   Outcome, Fatal Intervention:   Diagnostic Test: Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) Sponsor:   Mansoura University Hospital Completed
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
This study compared the risks of ischemic stroke/systemic embolism (ISSE) and major bleeding in patients with NVAF and stage IV-V CKD treated with rivaroxaban or warfarin.MethodsPatients with NVAF and stage IV-V CKD who initiated rivaroxaban or warfarin treatment between November 2011 and June 2018 were selected from the Optum® Deidentified EHR Database. Propensity score (PS)-matching was used to balance rivaroxaban and warfarin patients on 112 measured baseline covariates. ISSE and major bleeding events over two years following treatment initiation were ascertained with validated endpoint definitions. Outcomes were an...
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Authors: Oshita J, Okazaki T, Mitsuhara T, Imura T, Nakagawa K, Otsuka T, Kurose T, Tamura T, Abiko M, Takeda M, Kawahara Y, Yuge L, Kurisu K Abstract We analyzed the cell characteristics, neuroprotective, and transplantation effects of human cranial bone-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hcMSCs) in ischemic stroke model rats compared with human iliac bone-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hiMSCs). The expressions of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF ) as neurotrophic factors were analyzed in both MSCs. hiMSCs or hcMSCs were intravenously administered into ischemic st...
Source: Neurologia Medico-Chirurgica - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) Source Type: research
Leptomeningeal anastomoses or pial collateral vessels play a critical role in cerebral blood flow (CBF) restoration following ischemic stroke. The magnitude of this adaptive response is postulated to be controlled by the endothelium, although the underlying molecular mechanisms remain under investigation. Here we demonstrated that endothelial genetic deletion, using EphA4fl/fl/Tie2-Cre and EphA4fl/fl/VeCahderin-CreERT2 mice and vessel painting strategies, implicated EphA4 receptor tyrosine kinase as a major suppressor of pial collateral remodeling, CBF, and functional recovery following permanent middle cerebral artery occ...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
Review of English-language articles published from PubMed (MEDLINE) and Google Scholar between January 1, 1985, and January 1, 2019.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Crescendo transient ischemic attacks should be treated by carotid endarterectomy within two days – but with increased perioperative stroke risk Source Type: research
Conclusions: We speculated that damages to the basal ganglia disrupted the cortico-subcortical circuits that facilitated the transhemispheric communications of language functions, resulting in decreased interhemispheric FC. Consequently, the intrahemispheric FC increased as a possible compensatory mechanism to restore the language functions. PMID: 31955634 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Brain Injury - Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research
Authors: Parker WAE, Storey RF Abstract Aspirin and P2Y12 inhibitors remain commonly prescribed antiplatelet drugs in the treatment of atherothrombotic conditions. Despite established benefits of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in the setting of acute coronary syndromes, there remains residual ischemic risk in this group and the problem of bleeding complications is an ongoing issue. DAPT with aspirin and ticagrelor has now been studied in other patient groups such as those with concurrent diabetes and stable coronary artery disease, and those undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Recent tri...
Source: Platelets - Category: Hematology Tags: Platelets Source Type: research
Publication date: February 2020Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, Volume 109, Issue 2Author(s): Elizabeth L. Norton, Xiaoting Wu, Linda Farhat, Karen M. Kim, Himanshu J. Patel, G. Michael Deeb, Bo YangBackgroundIt is controversial if extension of aortic dissection into arch branches should be an indication for replacement of the arch and its branches in acute type A aortic dissection.MethodsFrom 2008 to April 2018, 399 patients underwent open repair for an acute type A aortic dissection, and 190 patients had known innominate and/or left common carotid artery dissection without malperfusion syndrome, including no arch ...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Acute ischemic stroke, especially minor stroke, and transient ischemic attack have high risks of recurrence and exacerbation into severe ischemic strokes. It remains challenging to perform risk stratification and screen high-risk groups for initiation of early treatment in these patients. Moreover, with the growing population of patients with chronic small vessel disease, the mechanisms and clinical implications require further investigation. Traditional tools such as the ABCD2 score (age, blood pressure, clinical features, duration of symptoms, diabetes) have only moderate predictive value in patients with transient ische...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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