Clinical Course and Outcome of Community-Acquired Bacterial Meningitis in Cancer Patients.

In conclusion, bacterial meningitis in cancer patients is characterized by atypical symptoms and high mortality, which requires physicians' vigilance and a prompt investigation of cerebrospinal fluid in suspected cases. However, multiple regression analysis suggests that differences in clinical presentation and outcomes of bacterial meningitis between cancer and cancer-free patients may also be attributable to other factors, such as age differences. PMID: 31792808 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research

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Abstract The combined immunotherapy of nivolumab and ipilimumab causes a variety of autoimmune-related adverse events (irAEs). The current report details a 70-year-old woman with clear cell renal cell carcinoma metastasis in the lung. Two weeks after two courses of treatment, the patient complained of headache, dizziness and nausea. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis revealed an elevated protein level of 195 mg/dl and a significantly elevated white blood cell (WBC) count of 830/mm3 (lymphocytes, 825/mm3; neutrophils, 5/mm3). The results excluded malignancy and infection. The patient was diagnosed with aseptic meni...
Source: Clinical Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Mol Clin Oncol Source Type: research
Authors: Tattevin P, Tchamgoué S, Belem A, Bénézit F, Pronier C, Revest M Abstract Aseptic meningitis is defined as meningeal inflammation - i.e. cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pleocytosis≥5 cells/mm3 - not related to an infectious process. Etiologies of aseptic meningitis can be classified in three main groups: (i) systemic diseases with meningeal involvement, which include sarcoidosis, Behçet's disease, Sjögren's syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus and granulomatosis with polyangiitis; (ii) drug-induced aseptic meningitis, mostly reported with non-steroidal an...
Source: Revue Neurologique - Category: Neurology Tags: Rev Neurol (Paris) Source Type: research
Discussion Facial nerve palsy has been known for centuries, but in 1821 unilateral facial nerve paralysis was described by Sir Charles Bell. Bell’s palsy (BP) is a unilateral, acute facial paralysis that is clinically diagnosed after other etiologies have been excluded by appropriate history, physical examination and/or laboratory testing or imaging. Symptoms include abnormal movement of facial nerve. It can be associated with changes in facial sensation, hearing, taste or excessive tearing. The right and left sides are equally affected but bilateral BP is rare (0.3%). Paralysis can be complete or incomplete at prese...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Purpose of review To describe a recently characterized autoimmune, inflammatory central nervous system (CNS) disorder known as autoimmune glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) astrocytopathy. Recent findings Affected patients present with symptoms of one or more of meningitis (headache and neck ache), encephalitis (delirium, tremor, seizures, or psychiatric symptoms), and myelitis (sensory symptoms and weakness). Optic disc papillitis (blurred vision) is common. CNS inflammation is evident in characteristic T1 postgadolinium enhancement of GFAP-enriched CNS regions, and lymphocytic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) white cel...
Source: Current Opinion in Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: WIDENING SPECTRUM OF CNS INFLAMMATORY DISORDERS OF THE CNS: Edited by Francesc Graus Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 March 2019Source: The Lancet NeurologyAuthor(s): Valery L Feigin, Emma Nichols, Tahiya Alam, Marlena S Bannick, Ettore Beghi, Natacha Blake, William J Culpepper, E Ray Dorsey, Alexis Elbaz, Richard G Ellenbogen, James L Fisher, Christina Fitzmaurice, Giorgia Giussani, Linda Glennie, Spencer L James, Catherine Owens Johnson, Nicholas J Kassebaum, Giancarlo Logroscino, Benoît Marin, W Cliff Mountjoy-VenningSummaryBackgroundNeurological disorders are increasingly recognised as major causes of death and disability worldwide. The aim of this analysis from the Global Burden of Diseases...
Source: The Lancet Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Leptomeningeal carcinomatosis meningitis occurs in approximately 5% of cancer patients, causes various symptoms including serious headache, nausea, and altered mental status, and typically has A poor prognosis. Due to lack of standardized methods for pain management, opioids are commonly used; however, these often fail to achieve sufficient analgesia.
Source: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management - Category: Palliative Care Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of tuberculous meningitis during chemotherapy for advanced gastric cancer, suggesting that subacute onset of fever followed by disturbance of consciousness may indicate the possibility of tuberculous meningitis even without typical signs of meningitis including headache or meningeal irritation.Case Rep Oncol 2018;11:228 –233
Source: Case Reports in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog - Emergency medicine and critical care medical education blog aka Tropical Travel Trouble 004 A medical student who has just returned from their elective in Nepal presents with 1 week of bloody diarrhoea. He has been in the lowlands and stayed with a family in the local village he was helping at. It started three days before he left and he decided to get home on the plane in the hope it would settle. He is now opening his bowels 10x a day with associated cramps, fevers and has started feeling dizzy. Questions: Q1. What is dyse...
Source: Life in the Fast Lane - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Cases Tropical Medicine amoebic dysentery bacillary dysentery e.histolytica entamoeba histolytica shigellosis Source Type: blogs
This study aimed to establish the prognostic utility of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with neoplastic meningitis (NM). Patients with a confirmed diagnosis of NM at a cancer referral center were included. Data on demographic and oncological background, clinical symptoms, diagnostic tests, treatment, and survival were analyzed. In total, 119 patients were included, 74% of whom were females. The mean age was 44.2 years at the time of cancer diagnosis and 46.6 years at the time between NM diagnosis. Primary cancers were mostly breast cancer, lung cancer, or hematologic mali...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
ConclusionscRIT with 131I‐3F8 is safe, has favorable dosimetry to CSF, and when added to salvage therapy using conventional modalities, may have clinical utility in maintaining remission in high‐risk or recurrent MB.
Source: Pediatric Blood and Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
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